Parasakthi Family



Om Namasivaya Nama:

Dear Reader,

Welcome to this page. I have copied my Practical Astrology Class Book (basic) in this blog. Some 15+ years back I use to take the class for creating new astrologers. It started with some 50+ students but after a few weeks, the numbers came down to 15+ and completed the course. As we know, Astrology is not for everyone however, the interest to know is for most of the ones. This is a fundamental note on Astrology. Though there was a good demand to teach advanced astrology, due to some reasons, I could not dedicate myself for that task. I hope this will help the beginners in learning Astrology in a simple way.

I will also give you a pdf link to download, so that you can keep it in your PC and refer as and when you need it.

Here is the PDF link to download the book:


  1.  Astrology

What is Astrology?  Astrology means “Message of the Stars”.  It is a divine and noble science to read and understand the divine plan designed by the Creator of nature.  Astro­logical predictions are totally dependent on certain principles and accurate precise calculations.  We all know that nobody can be 100% accurate other than the Creator himself.  Therefore, absolute faith in God coupled with thorough knowledge of the subject will make a person a good Astrologer.  Since Astrology is also a Science, it too has its own limitations. 

History of Astrology begins with creation itself.  The great Saint Garga Muni received and learnt this noble Science from none other than Brahma, that means it is as old as Vedas (approximately B.C. 5,000 years).  

The fundamental basis of Astrology itself is Karma and reincarnation.  Therefore, As­tro­logy alone can talk about past, present and future of all beings.

  1. Basic qualities for an Astrologer

To become a good Astrologer, the student must have some basic qualities. The student must be truthful, impartial, tactful and witty, sincere and sympathetic, no stage fear, patient and calm, capable of debating & winning, and should never take advantage of the natives.  Though conversant with Astronomy and Astrology, the student should be aware of his limitation in the subject. He should not hide what is observed from the horoscope, but it should be conveyed diplomatically. Good memory power, absolute faith in God, Astrology and Karma, worship of Devas, observing fast and penance; and knowledge in psychology and logic will also help a lot. Read prominent astrological magazines but would be advisable to follow Krishnamoorthy Padhathy (Nirayana / KP System).

  1. Jyothir / Kaala / Raasi Chakram / Zodiac

Top of everything rests the “Dhruva Mandalam” controlling the beings in this Uni­verse.  Just below the Dhruva Mandalam resides the “Nakshatra Mandalam”, fol­lowed by the “Jyothir Mandalam” (Navagrahaas), again followed by planet Earth. 

Please note that Zodiac is in the form of a Circle i.e. 360°.

  1. Divisions of Astrology   (Main)

They are six main divisions, as under: –

  1.  Jatakam                 3.         Golam             5.         Muhoortham
  2.  Prasnam                 4.         Nimitham                    6.         Ganitham       

Note:   Jatakam and Prasnam methods are widely applied to find out various events in human life. 

A short description of each division is given below: –

  1.  Jatakam / Natal Horoscope:

It means the story of the child right from the very moment of its birth, i.e. detach­ment of the umbilical cord. 

  1.  Prasnam:

Result to be answered based on the query.  One important thing here is that the fate of the consultant and the querent ‘s fortunate time should match. 

  1.  Golam:

Conjunction of several planets in the system, known through Gocharam.

  1.  Nimitham / Omen:

Predictions are offered by observing a moment at the time of omen.

  1.  Muhoortham / Electional:

It is an auspicious time, when Navagrahas are placed in a beneficial or favourable signs/raasis of the native.

  1.  Ganitham:

Astronomical calculations.

  1. Navagrahaas

According to Hindu Astrology total of 9 planets are considered on account of their direct influence over human beings.  They are:

  1.  SUN                                               
  2.  MOON                                        
  3.  MARS                                         
  4.  MERCURY                      
  5.  JUPITER                                    
  6.  VENUS                             
  7.  SATURN                          
  8.  RAAHU                          
  9.  KETU                              

Well known Sanskrit / Indian names for above Planets are: –

Sun                 =          Ravi, Soorya, Adityan, Bhanu, Diwakaran, Bhaskaran         

Moon              =          Chandra, Indu, Sasi, Soman

Mars               =          Kujan, Ankarakan, Mangalan, Bhowman

Mercury         =          Budhan, Sowmyan, Somasutan

Jupiter            =          Guru, Vyazhan, Brihaspathy 

Venus             =          Sukran, Bhrigu, Sitan 

Saturn            =          Sani, Mandan

Raahu             =          Sarpi

Ketu                =          Sikhi

In addition to the above planets, one more ‘Gooblin’ planet (upagraha) is included in the Jyothischakram.  This is known as “Gulikan or Maandi”.  This planet will rise and set 2 times in a day. This is an important planet to be considered during ‘Prasnam’.

  1. Raahu / Ketu / Gulikan

All the above three planets are “Shadowy Planets”. ‘Raahu’ is known as Dragon’s Head or Ascending Node of the Moon or North Pole of Soorya Sidhantha, and ‘Ketu’ is known as Dragon’s Tail or Descending Node of the Moon or South Pole of Soorya Sidhantha.

Though Raahu & Ketu do not have their own individual qualities, they reflect the qualities of planets with whom they are placed/conjoined. They do not have their own house in the Raasi Chart, but they occupy house of other planets and claim their owner­ship of that house.  Raahu & Ketu are always placed opposite to each other (i.e. 180°).

Raahu claims Mithuna (Gemini) as his Own House, and Ketu claims Kanya (Virgo), Dhanu (Sagittarius), Makaram (Capricorn), Meena (Pisces) as his Own Houses.

Raahu is good/powerful/beneficial, if posited between “Medam through Kanya” and

Ketu    is good/powerful/beneficial if posited between “Thula through Meena”.

  1. Ayanams


Sun transits from “Makaram to Mithunam” which is 6 months.  This period is called Utharaayanam.  That means Sun takes the Northern course and reaches the Northern­most Point in Meena and comes to due East in the end of Mithuna.


Sun transits from “Kadaka to Dhanus” which is 6 months.  This period is called Dak­shinaayana.  That means Sun takes the Southern course and reaches the Southernmost Point at the end of Thula and comes to due East in Makara.

Note:  The beginning of Kadaka & Makara is called the “equinoctial points” or the equinoxes, which means that both Day and Night are equal in length).   Medam & Thula is called “Vishapath”

  1.  Average motion  of  Planets:

The average daily motion of Planets, (space marked in Degrees), time taken by each Planet to cross one Raasi, the maximum number of days of their retrogation and stationary stage, etc., are given in the Chart “Average Motion of Planets”.  Please note that “Stationary” means the time before and after retrograde motion.

  1. Raasi Group Head

SUN is in-charge/head of 6 Raasis. They are “Simha to Makara”.

Therefore these Raasis are called Soorya  or  Agneya Raasikal.

MOON is in-charge/head of 6 Raasis.  They are “Kadaka to Kumba”.

Therefore, these reasons are called Chandra or Soumya Raasikal.

  1. Pakshaas –  Sukla  (Lunar/White)  &  Krishna  (Solar/Black)

When Moon is nearing the Sun, i.e. waning, it is called Krishna Paksha.

When Moon is moving away from the Sun, i.e. waxing, it is called Sukla Paksha.

When full Moon is seen throughout the night, it is called Poornima.

When no Moon is sighted in the night at all, it is called Amavasya.

(This happens because of both the Moon and the Sunrise and set at the same time).

  1. Type of Raasis / Signs

Raasis are denoted depending upon their qualities. The important ones are: –

Kendra, Thrikona, Satru, Sama, Mitra, Ojha (Positive), Yugma (Negative), Chara (Movable), Sthira (Fixed), Ubhaya (Dual), Dik (Zone-N/E/W/S), Pancha Bhooda (Elements), Sheershodaya, Prishtodaya, Manushya, Mruga, Day, Night, Chathush­paada, Anga (limbs), Roga, Kroora, Saumya, Bala (Potential), Vibhala (Barren), Apoklima, Upachaya, Oordwamukha, Thiryangmukha, Adhomukha, Sthri, Purusha.

     Some of the important Raasis.

Kendra Raasis:-  From Lagna  (i.e. 1 = Ascendant) 1, 4, 7, 10 signs are called Ken­dra/Chathushpaada/Kandaka Raasis.

Trikona Raasis                        :           From Lagna (i.e. 1 = Ascendant) 5, 9 signs.

Panapara Raasis                     :           From Lagna or any Planet posited therefrom 2, 8, 11 signs.

Apoklima Raasis                     :           From Lagna or any Planet posited therefrom 3, 6, 12 signs.

Chathurasra Raasis    :           From Lagna or any Planet posited therefrom 4, 8 signs.

Leena Raasis                           :           From Lagna or any Planet posited therefrom 3, 6, 8, 11 signs

Dukha Raasis                          :           From Lagna or any Planet posited therefore 6, 8, 12 signs.

ShalKona Raasis                     :           From Lagna or any Planet posited therefrom 6, 12 signs.

Upachaya Raasis                    :           From Lagna or any Planet posited therefrom 3, 6, 10, 11


Apachaya Raasis                    :           From Lagna or any Planet posited therefrom 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8,

                                                                                    9, 12 signs.

Note:   When the malefic planets occupy the Kendra position, they produce benefic results. Likewise, when benefic planets occupy the same position, they produce ma­lefic result; especially Jupiter and Venus.

  1. Banefic  (Subha)  &  Malefic  (Ashubha)  Planets

Benefic by nature      :           MOON, MERCURY, JUPITER, VENUS

Malefic by nature      :           SUN, MARS, SATURN, RAAHU, KETU, GULIKAN

Malefic by occupancy:  Some benefic planets become malefic due to their occupancy.    

  1. i)Moon      : When conjoined with Sun or posited in 3, 6, 11th  house  OR

lack of support from both the sides (blank raasis both sides of Moon).

  1. ii)Mercury : When conjoined with any natural malefic planet OR

posited in 3, 6, 11th house.

iii)        Jupiter & Venus:  When posited in 3, 4, 6, 7, 10, 11th house.

  1. Panchaangam / Almanac

Panchaangam means five angams (five important principles) of Astrology, which are: –

  1.  Thidhi                               …                    (12 deg.)
  2.  Waaram                 …                    ( 7 days)
  3.  Nakshathram/Stellar         (27 nos.)
  4.  Yogams                 …                    (27 nos.)
  5.  Karanas                 …                    (11 nos.)

Thidhi:           Means 12° space movement of Moon and Sun in the Zodiac.

Waaram:        Means a day of 24 hours.  Waarams are named after the 7 planets.

                                    Please see Chart for week.

Note: In the English calendar, the day changes at Zero hours, whereas Hindus reckon their days from Sun Rise to Sun Rise.

In each day every alternate hour will be ruled by the planet next to immediate planet in the above listed order.


 Means 13°-20’ space movement of planets in Zodiac.  Likewise, there are 27 stars across 360°, which means 13°-20’ (or 800’) x 27 = 360° (i.e. 21600’).  Star of the day marked in the calendar denotes the position of Moon on that day. Similarly, the position of the Moon can be determined by the name of the star (approximately). 


Means 13°-20’ space movement of planets in Zodiac.  Please note the results are dif­ferent from that of stars, even though both are of the same space duration.


Means 6° space movement of planets in Zodiac. That means a Thidhi (12°) is divided into 2 Karanams of 6° each.  Name of Karanas is different according to Paksha, ex­cept for Amaavasyaa & Poornima.  They are to be selected based on Poorvaardha (First Half) and Utaraardha (Second Half). The names in Tamil & Malayalam will differ, as will be observed from the attached Table for Karanam.

  1.  Samvalsaraas   –   There are 5 types of Samvalsaraas, as under: –

1)     Souramaana                       (Sun based)    

2)     Chaandramaana                (Moon-based)

3)     Nakshathramaana              (Star based)

4)     Bhaarhaspatyamaana        (Jupiter based)

5)     Saavanamaana                  (Solar based – A natural day from Sun Rise to Sun Set)

Souramaana : (Followed in South India)

The new year begins with the Sun’s entry (Soorya Sankramam) into a particular

Nirayana Raasi.  60 years are there in one cycle.

Chaandramaana : (Followed in Bengal & West India)

      The new year begins based on Thidhi. Such 12 months make 1 Chaandramaana Year.

Bhaarhaspathyamaana : (North India) :

The new year begins based on Jupiter’s entry into a particular raasi.

      60 years are there in one cycle, like Souramaana.


Based on Moon’s motion in each star.

Thus 27 stars X 12 months = 324 days per annum.


One Savana day is Sun Rise to Sun Rise of the following day, likewise 30 days form a month X 12 = 360 days per annum.  Kali-Din is mentioned in the calendar. Birthdate of Kali Din is recorded BC Feb 17/18 of 3102.

  1.  English & Hindu Names for Time / Space Measurements

English terms to Hindu :

24 seconds                               =          1 Vinaazhika

24 minutes                               =          1 Naazhika      =          1 Muhoortham

1 hour  (60 minutes)                =          2 ½ Naazhika

24 hours                                   =          60 Naazhika    =          1 Day/Night

Hindu Terms :

60 Vinaazhika                           =          1 Naazhika

60 Naazhika                              =          1 day                           =          24 hours

1 Yaama                                    =          3 hrs.

8 Yaamas                                  =          1 day (4 yaamas/day + 4 yaamas/night)

7 Days                                      =          1 Waaram

15 Days                                    =          1 Paksha (14 Thidhis + Amaavasya or Poornima)

2 Paksha                                   =          1 Month

4 Paksha                                   =          1 Rithu (6 Rithus = 1 Samvalsaram)

27/28/29/30/31/32 days           =          1 Month

2 Months                                  =          1 Rithu (Based on Chaandramaana months)

6 Months                                  =          1 Ayana (Based on Sooryamana months)

12/13 Months                           =          1 Samvalsaram

(Depending upon the principle of Samvalsara followed)

Space / Time  Measurement

60 Seconds                                          =          1 Minute

60 Minutes                                          =          1 Degree  ( ° )

30 degrees                                           =          1 Raasi    ( s )

12 Raasis                                             =          1 Zodiac (360°)

  1.  Shodasa (16)  &  Shad (6)  Vargas

The Zodiac of 360° is divided into 12 Raasis of 30°. For the predictive purpose, each raasi of 30° is further divided into 15 different divisions, out of which the important ones are 6.

  1.  Raasi                              (30°)  = Body indications                                        
  1.  Hora                               (15°)  = Wealth, Male/Female Tendencies                                       
  2.  Drekana                         (10°)  = Siblings, Success through own efforts                                        
  3.  Chathurthaamsa            (7°-30’)  =  Luck, Fortunes, Wellbeing, Happiness, Emotions,                                 
  4.  Saptaamsa                     (4°-17’-08.5”) =  Progeny, Creative Energy         
  5.  Navamsa          (3°-20’)  = Wife, Marriage, Moral Character, Ethics, Higher knowledge                                   
  6.  Dasaamsa                (3°)  = Profession, Power, Position, livelihood, Achievements                                                                                                                      
  7.  Dwaadasaamsa         (2°-30’)  = Parents                                  
  8.  Shodasaamsa            (1°-52’-30”) = Happiness through heredity property, Conveyances
  9. Vimsaamsa                    (1°-30’) =Spiritual life, Capacity for devotion, Religion                                                                                              
  10. Chathurvimsaamsa        (1°-15’) =Education
  11. Saptavimsaamsa            (1°-06’-40”) =Strength
  12. Thrimsaamsa                 (1°) = Misfortune, Health problems, Enmity, Character                                                                       
  13. Chathwarimsaamsa       (45’) = Auspicious/inauspicious effects, Good/Bad Habits                                                                          
  14. Akshavedamsa            (40’) =General well being, Moral and ethical nature
  15. Shastiaamsa                   (30’) =General well being, Fine-tuning of Graha influences


Out of the above 16 divisions (sputa), planets are said to have six important Varga Balaas.  They are:

  1.  Raasi                                             (30°)                One Raasi in full
  2.  Hora                                              (15°)                One Raasi divided into two
  3.  Drekana                                        (10 °)               One Raasi divided into three
  4.  Navaamsa                                     (3° 20’)            One Raasi divided into nine
  5.  Dwaadasaamsa                             (2° 30’)            One Raasi divided into twelve, and
  6.  Thrimsaamsa                                (1°)                  One Raasi divided into thirty

Raasi :

360° / 12 = 30° each of 12 parts are called Raasis (Mesha to Meena)

The following Raasi names are important to understand for further exercise:

Ojha (Odd) / Positive / Male / Krooram / Day

Mesha, Mithuna, Simha, Thula, Dhanus, Kumba (1-3-5-7-9-9-11)

Yugma (Even) / Negative / Female / Soumyam / Night

Rishabha, Kataka, Kanya, Vruschika, Makara, Meena (2-4-6-8-10-12)

Hora :

Half = 15° of a raasi. Therefore there are 2 Horas of 15° each in one Raasi..

Note  The Hora rulership is allotted only between Sun and Moon

Therefore, the names are either Chandra Hora OR Soorya Hora).

Rule: – MOON predominates EVEN Signs and SUN predominates ODD Signs.

To place the planet under the Hora System, we need to know the following:-

Even Signs:    Moon gets the First part of 15° and Sun gets the Second part of the 15°.

Odd Signs:     Sun gets the First part of 15° and Moon gets the Second part of 15°.


Step 1 :            Study where  the Planet is posited,

                        Step 2 :            Decide whether the planet is in  ODD or EVEN sign,

                        Step 3 :            Find out the exact degree of the  planet in that raasi,

Step 4 :      After considering Odd/Even raasi, if the planet is within the 1st 15° or 2nd 15°, place it in the house of the respective ruler-ship lord, i.e. (Sun / Moon).


1/3rd division of a Raasi i.e. 10° space movement of a planet in Zodiac is called a Drekaana. Therefore there are 3 Drekaana of 10° equal parts in a Raasi (30°).

Drekaana – Rulership & Lord

Basically, the rulership is amongst 7 planets, Sun to Saturn.  The rulership of First 10° (Aadhya Drekaana) ruled by the Natal Raasi lord.  The Second (Madhya Drekaana) of 10° ruled by the FIFTH raasi lord therefrom and Third (Andhya Drekaana) of 10° ruled by NINTH raasi lord therefrom. (0°-10°, 10°-20°, 20°-30°)

To place planet under Drekaana Chart, follow these steps:

  1.  Ascertain planet’s longitude (i.e. in which raasi it is posited, and at what degree?).
  2.  Subtract no. of raasis (30° each) lapsed. You will find some degrees, minutes and sec­onds as remainder.  Note if this remainder falls within 0°-10° or 10°-20° or 20°-30°.
  3.  If the planet is posited between:

            0°  – 10° = place the planet in the First Raasi,            (Natal Chart),

            10°- 20° = place it in the Fifth Raasi therefrom         (Natal Chart),

            20°- 30° = place it in the Ninth Raasi therefrom        (Natal Chart).

Note:     Even though the rulership is among the 7 Planets, we still have to mark all Planets and Lagna in the Drekaana Chart.

Navaamsa :

1/9th division of a Raasi i.e. 3°-20’ space movement of a planet in Zodiac is called Navaamsa.  Therefore, there are 9 Amsaas of 3°-20’ equal parts in a raasi (30°).

Navaamsa Rulership & Lordship:

The ruler of the Navaamsa is decided on the basis of Raasi in which the particular amsa (Navaamsa) falls.  That particular raasi lord becomes the lord of Navaamsa.

To place planets under Navaamsa Chart, follow these steps:

  1.  Ascertain planets longitude in the Natal Chart,
  2.  After subtracting no. of Raasi lapsed (30° each) you will find the reminder as few degrees and minutes.  Compare the value with above table and decide in which bracket this planet can fall. (i.e. at which Navaamsa this planet is posited).
  3.  Start jumping the Raasis for the lapsed Navaamsa (every 3°-20’ one raasi to jump) from the Natal Chart position, then you have to halt at the current Navaamsa number and place the planet there.  This is the Navaamsa position of that planet.

Rule:          While jumping raasis remember the following:

                  All corner signs are ending points of Navaamsa.  Therefore, once you reach, 5th sign therefrom is the starting point of that particular Amsa, for which, keep on counting till you reach any corner as 1st, 5th or 9th from any raasi where the planet is posited in the Natal Chart.


1/12th division of a Raasi i.e. 2°-30’ space movement of a planet in Zodiac is called Dwaadasaamsa. Therefore, there are 12 Dwaadasaamsa of 2°-30’ equal parts in a Raasi (30°).

Dwaadasaamsa rulership is based on the distribution @ 2°-30’ per raasi, starting from the raasi in which the planet is posited in the Natal Chart.

To place planets under Dwaadasaamasa Chart, follow these steps:

  1.  Ascertain planets longitude from the Natal Chart,
  2.  Count lapsed no. of Dwaadasaamsa @ 2°-30’, you will arrive at a reminder in

degree & minutes etc. as Current Amsa.

  1. Start jumping raasis for the no. of lapsed Dwaadasaamsa from the position planet was placed in the Natal Chart (@ 2°-30’) and half the reminder in the next raasi. This is the Dwaadasaamsa position of that planet.

Trimsaamsa :

1/30th division of a Raasi, i.e. 1° space movement of a planet in a Zodiac is called Trimsaamsa.  Therefore, there are 30 Amsaas of 1° equal path in a raasi (30°).

Trimsaamsa Rulership & Lordship:

Trimsaamsa Rulership is allotted amongst FIVE  Planets  viz.: MARS, SATURN, JUPITER, MERCURY & VENUS as detailed below :

                                                                                                                          When   transit                        When     transit

Planets                                        Degree-Shares            ODD Signs at                        EVEN Signs at

MARS                                                             5°                                             0°         to         5°                                25°   to   30°

SATURN                                                        5°                                             5°         to         10°                               20°   to   25°

JUPITER                                                        8°                                     10°   to         18°                               12°   to   20°

MERCURY                                        7°                                     18°   to         25°                               5°     to   12°

VENUS                                                          5°                                     25°   to        30°                               0°            to    5°

Note:  The rulership is in reverse order in EVEN Sign, with reference to ODD Sign.

To place the planet in the Trimsaamsa Chart, follow these steps:

  1.  Ascertain planet’s longitude in the Natal Chart.
  2.  Subtract lapsed Raasis and find out at what degree the planet is in transit, which

will enable you to find out the Trimsaamsa Lord.

  1.  Find out whether the planet is posited in the Odd or Even Sign, because the order of rulership of different planets over each particular portion of a degree depends on Odd/Even Sign.
  2.  If it is Odd, find the house of the Odd Raasi Lord in the Trimsaamsa chart and place the planet.
  3.  If it is Even, find the house of the Even Raasi Lord in Trimsaamsa Chart and place the planet.
  1. Ayanamsa / Precession of Equinoxes

There are 2 types of Zodiac:               1)         Fixed               (Stellar/Star basis = SAYANA)

2)     Movable    (Raasi basis = NIRAYANA)

Every year when Sun enters Equinoctial Point (Zero degree-Aries) the duration of day and night will be equal on that day all over the world.  At the same time, the position of EARTH is less by about 50.1” (Arc-space towards West) from the fixed point (Star) of the last year, that means Earth has not completed one circle of 360° fixed Zodiac.  This quantum of difference is accumulated year by year from the initial year is called “AYANAAMSA”.

The exact quantum of difference is still in dispute among astrologers.  Govt. of India’s ‘Raashtreeya Panchaang’ has notified that the coincidence of both Zodiac and the quantum of Ayanaamsa was on 285 AD (Time) at 50.077” (Arc space movement).

Formula to find out Ayanaamsa  is as follows :

  1.  For the year we need to know Ayanamsa/year  (-) 285 = No. of years,
  2.  That no. of  years   X   50.077”    =         No. of Seconds,
  3.  That no. of  Seconds ÷ (60 X 60) =         No. of Degrees + remainder
  4.  That  remainder  X  60’                            =         No. of Minutes

For example:  Find out 1996 Ayanaamsa?   1996-285                     =          1,711

                                                                                                                                                1711 x 50.077 =          85,681.747”

                                                                                                             85,681.747” ÷ (60 X 60)        =              23.800°                                                                                                                                                                                                     .800° X 60  =          48’

                                                                                                            \ Ayanaamsa for 1996 is       =            23° 48’

  1. Aspects  of  Planets

All planets will have Dhrusti (Aspect) on other Raasis from the place where they are posited in the Raasi Chakram. Please note that in addition to their aspects on 7th Raasi like other planets, Mars, Jupiter & Saturn have special aspects.























4, 8

5, 9

3, 10




4, 8

5, 9

3, 10



4, 8


4, 8

5, 9

3, 10




4, 8

5, 9

3, 10



5, 9


4, 8

5, 9

3, 10




4, 8

5, 9

3, 10



3, 10


4, 8

5, 9

3, 10




4, 8

5, 9

3, 10




4, 8

5, 9

3, 10

  1. Different Basis of Timings Used In Astrology

There are 5 types of time normally used in astrological calculations:

  1.  Local Mean Time (L.M.T)
  2.  Standard Time (S.T)  of the respective country.
  3.  Sidereal Time (Sid.T)
  4.  Advance Time (A.T)
  5.  War Time (Advancement).

Lmt/Solar Time/Civil Time

It is the real-time of a place (Based on this time we need to workout  “Ascendant” of the place) There is a printed table available for quick reference.  For our study purpose, please learn how to calculate LMT :

Greenwich Meridian Time (GMT)  is taken as Zero. Hence countries falling towards EAST will be GMT PLUS and countries falling WEST of GMT will be GMT MINUS. This is be­cause Eastern countries will have earlier Sunrise than the Western countries).  Longitude of the place is taken for this calculation.

For example Indian Standard Time (IST) :-

India has fixed their Standard Time at  82° 30’  (Near Ujjain)  East longitude,  i.e.

(82° 30’ x  4’ (on the basis of 4’ per degree)  =  330’ / 60’ =  5 Hours 30 Minutes. 

Watches show the standard time of that country, whereas Local Mean Time has to be determined by applying the above formula. 

Indian Standard Time (IST):

IST is exactly 5 Hours 30 Minutes ahead of Greenwich Time, which is at Zero Degree Longi­tude,  whereas, India is 82°-30’ (space) towards East. That is why it is 5 Hours 30 Minutes plus.

Sidereal Time (Sid.T):

This is an astrological time. One Sidereal day is 23 Hours 56 Minutes 4.09054 Seconds (not 24 Hours) Mean Solar Time (shown by our ordinary watch).  It is the time interval between Mesha to Meena Point. (Ready made table is available at 12 Noon LMT of India based on 82°-30’ East Longitude).  But remember, this is an important time for casting Lagna.

Advance Time :

Due to seasonal changes certain countries advance/reverse an hour with respect to their stan­dard time.  Therefore, if you are casting a Lagna/Horoscope remember to convert the watch time to the normal standard time of the country, and then find out the LMT.

War Time (Advancement) :

During the war, affected countries can advance their clock.  Therefore, in such cases remember to convert the watch time to the normal standard time of the country, and then find out the LMT.

  1. Lagna (Ascendant)

Means the Rising Sign (Raasi) in the East at a given time.  That shows the rising sign will be very near to the Sun.  From Sunrise to Sunrise approximately 4 Laganas rise at the rate of 6 hours.

Note:  Rising signs (Lagna)  are already marked in the “Panchaang” (of course, based on IST). This is also marked in the “Table of Ascendant” (based on Sidereal Time).

For Lagna calculations, we must have the following Data.

  1.  Date of Birth
  2.  Time of Birth (in ST) in case of other countries convert ST into IST.
  3.  Place of Birth with Latitude & Longitude. (To determine LMT).

Follow this table for calculation of Lagna:

There is one more easy method used to find out the (Gross) Lagna.

Formula:         Multiply the birth date by 4 and add the constant figures given for the concerned month.  Count the minutes elapsed from previous midnight and the time of birth given (in LMT) and add them to resultant together.  The sum total of the three steps should be referred to the nearest figure in the Raasi Table.  That will be the rising sign (Lagna) at the given time of birth.

  1. 22.10th House/Cusp/Meridian Center

The mid-point of 10th Bhaava is called Meridian Center.  The midpoint of 10th Bhaava is one and the same for all latitudes for a given time (Sidereal Time).  Whereas for other Cusps, the  lon­gitudes vary according to latitudes.

Once we arrive at 10th Cusp, then the 180° opposite to it is the 4th Cusp and from Ascendant to opposite 180° is 7th Cusp.  In between cusps are to be found out by dividing the gap by 3 based 180° principle.

  1. Lordship over Bhavas

Bhaava rulership is considered on the basis of mid-point of the particular Cusp.  Raasi lord becomes the lord of Bhaava.  Even if starting and/or ending of a Bhaava spread over to the adjacent raasi, still, mid-point raasi lord is considered for Bhaava rulership of the whole Bhaava.

There are many methods used in this cusp systems, out of which widely used ones are :

  1.  Sripathi Padhadhi/Porphyry’s Systems (Cuspal points)
  2.  Sub-lord Theory/Placidus
  3.  Equal Systems – 15° on either side of raasi.
  1. Marking Navagrahaas & Upagrahaas in The Horoscope

Calculating the  Longitude of Planets is called  ‘marking Navagrahaas & Upagrahaas in the Horoscope’.   For casting a horoscope, we must obtain the following information.

(1)        Date of Birth               (2)        Time of Birth              (3)        Place of Birth              (4)        Sex

  1. Vimshothari  Dasa  System

Means one cycle of  9 planets amounting to 120 years as per their rulership time over stars. This is basically one Purush-Aayus.

Kethu : 7 years,          Venus : 20 years,  Sun : 6 years,  Moon : 10 years,  Mars : 7 years,  Raahu             : 18 years,  Jupiter: 16 years, Saturn : 19 years,  Mercury : 17 years.

Total =  120 years.

  1. Garbhasishtam

The remaining time (in years/month/days/hours) to be completed by the Planet in that Star while at birth is called Balance of Dasa or Garbhasishtam. That means some time was already lost/lapsed during pregnancy time by that concerned Planet.

Which means How to find out balance of  Dasa (Garbha Sishtam) from birth time.

  1. 27.Age  of  Planets  (The Secret of Human Beings)

A Raasi is 30° space duration either as OJHA/ODD or YUGMA/EVEN.  Both these Raasis enjoys individual status which influences the planets directly.

Note 1)  If a planet falls within the above said longitude, then we can conclude that the status of that particular planet is as mentioned above.  Based on this we should give predictions.

                     2)   As the age goes up for the planet lesser the power to influence good and favourable events in our life.

  1.  Status of Planets

All planets have 10 types of status (except  Sun/Moon, who have 8).  They are: –

1)     Dheepthan 2)         Swasthan         3)         Mudhithan      4)         Saanthan         5)         Shakthan           

6)         Peedithan        7)         Deenan            8)         Vikalan            9)         Ghaln  10)       Bheethan.


                        Status                          When planet is                                                            Results

                        Deepthan                    Exalted High-level status, VIP, Wealth, Fame, Pleasure and                                                                                                                                        enjoyments in the family life.       

                        Swasthan                    Own House                 Hearing the good news, Improvement in education,

                                                                                          Wealth, Fame, Benefits from progeny.

  1. Mudhithan     Relatively                                Good treats received, Gain of clothes & ornaments,

                                                                                                                                                                                Change to attend good events.

Saanthan                    Occupied with             Courage, to help relative, peace of mind, pleasure,                                                          benefic                                    prosperity in family.

                        Shakthan                    While retro-                 Happiness, Success in assignments, prosperity in                                                                                     gation                                      the family, Marriage, Childbirth.

Peedithan                   At the edge of             Destruction in the family, lacking peace of mind,                                                     raasi, between             detachment and trouble with spouse & children                                                                        20°-30°                                    quarrels with co-born. Threat from Govt. & thieves,

                                                                                                                                    Many other bad events in life.

Deenan                       Enemies House           Disease, Sickness, Poverty, Begging, Lack of food, 

                                                                                                                                    failures, attack from enemies, Bad expenditures,


Vikalan                       Very near to Sun         Destruction, lacking peace of mind, orphanage,       

                                                                                                                                    increase in no. of enemies, transfers, demotions, loss

                                                                                                                                    of job, stay in abroad unwillingly, bad time for

                                                                                                                                    spouse & children, Death to relatives.

Ghalan           Neecha                                                Loss of wealth, disturbance from enemies, fighting                                                                        and enmity developed throughout relatives include ing Parents, diseases, imprisonment.

Bheethan                    *Transgression            Danger from Fire and Thieves, Crime, Behind Bar,

                                                                                                                                    Bad events.

* Transgression means planets overtaking or going beyond their limits set by planetary frame­work. For example: Mercury (28°) and Venus (47°) are set to travel within these degrees if they transgress, they are under the influence of  “Athichaaram/Transgression”.  Normally this type of Athichaaram happens to Mercury & Venus.

  1.              Kaarakatwa  of  Cusps / Bhaava / Raasi  &  Planets


1st House:  Longevity (1-3-8), health, success or failure in attempts(1-10-11), head or upper part of the face, Native’s general appearance, character and temperament, physical stature, colour, natural disposition and tendencies, personality, station and struggle for life, status, honour, dignity, prosperity and general well-being, residence abroad, growth of limbs, happiness, misery, hair, appropriating other’s money,  advantages-gains and profit to younger brother and his friends, the name, fame, reputation, higher studies, short or long journey, life in a hostel, danger to maternal uncle, open inimical activity, demise of spouse, editing, publishing, neighbours to elder brother, incarnation.

2nd House: Money matters-lending, borrowings, speculation, profit or loss, mortgage, stocks, securities, jewellery, bonds, second marriage, face, right eye, speaking power, nail, tongue, teeth, cheeks and chin, death of spouse or business partner, law suits, miser or liberal, worldly attainments by means of possession & money,  documents, bonds, shares, promissory notes, bank balance or other negotiable assets, family, close relatives, grandfather, grandmother, ability to express his thoughts,  state of married life, time of marriage, description of partner, vision or the power of observation, memory, imagination, whether protects other’s interest or not, understanding or misunderstandings with family members,  trade & business, faith in ancient culture and custom, extravagant or economical, loan,  kind or type of death to the native, loss to younger brother, mother’s gains and here elder brother, rank, position, profession and success of children, common disease of the native’s father, danger to partner. Marakasthaana.

3rd House:  All activities of Younger brother, sister (co-born), short journeys, neighbours, friends, about receipt of letter, rumours, telephone, library. Book-stores, bridge, mental inclination and ability to study, courage, cousin, railway, accounting, communication, partition of property, messenger, publicity officer, journalist, change of residence, restlessness, bargaining, signing contracts, hand, throat, shoulder blade, collar-bone, arms, nervous system, servants, courage, firmness, velour prowess and heroism, assistance of others,  books & publications, restlessness, signature, rumours of all kinds,

4th House:  Mother, home property, vehicle, grave, secret affairs, secret life, agriculture, ancient buildings, hereditary & immovable property, treasure, schools, colleges, gardens, education & qualifications, false allegation, the place where stolen property is kept, Vedic text, elderly people, profession of husband, end of the matter-termination or conclusion, caves, special medicine, relations, caste, water,  trust, chastity.

5th House:  Children, speculation, love affairs & its result, pleasure pursuits, society, art, entertainment, sports, cinema, dance, banquets, cards, gambling, lottery, horse-racing,

stock-exchange, kidnap, rape, Vedic hymns, religious-minded, profound learning, liaisons with courtesans, spiritual practice, messengers, first child & no.of. children, conception or pregnancy, hero, education, authorship, arbitration, success in political field, Poorva Punya (inherited merits), previous birth, desire nature, social intercourse between sexes prior to wedlock & after marriage, attraction between the opposite sexes, mechanical art, discrimination between virtue and sin, prayer, hereditary posts, festive occasion, intense satisfaction, tutelary deity, intelligence, pilgrimage,  hospitalization of pet animals, marriage to elder brother or sister.

6th House:  Disease & its status, sickness, debt, enemies, fights, injury, nursing, food, dietary habits, employees, contracts, tenants, dress, herbs, favourable result in competition, obstacles, maternal uncle, miser, intense anguish, incessant eye-trouble, theft, prison house, calamity, industries, employment, small animals, civil service, fear from thieves, servants, diabolical deeds, divorce, discharge from hospital, nursing & treatments, magic & superstition, worry and annoyance, miserliness, debt, untimely meals, sanitation and public health, bad habits, danger to elder brother or friend, over-draft facilities.

7th House:  Marriage, spouse & qualities, business partner, all those persons with whom the native deals and his/her competitor, litigation, fight, mixes freely in society, fine, legal bondage, contracts/agreements, break in journey, influence in foreign countries achieved, danger to longevity, recover of stolen property, description of the thief, open fight, mother’s property and vehicle, adopted child, lawsuits, open enemies, contests, physicians, second child, divorce, trade, dispute, arrival and departure, transaction, journeys broken, house of union or earthy ties, lending & borrowings, public favour, maarakasthaana, change of residence (3-7), war & foreign affairs,  the religion,

8th House:  Loss, accidents, death & its cause, longevity(1-3-8), legacy, wills, insurance policies, money of wife or business partner, profession of friends, death of partner, drowning, or suicide or natural or unnatural death, misery, misfortune, worries, privation, delay and dejection, disappointment, defeat, blame and ill-repute, wrong actions, theft, crossing river, fighting, gratuity, unearned wealth, dowry, share of profit, surgeon, slaughter house, butcher, infection, fire debt, money of the deceased, difficulties in journey, corruption, fear from enemies, disease, hills, lost property, evil deeds, clandestine deeds, disincarnating, death place & how much painful,  impediment and imprisonment, , quarrels, corruption.

9th House:  Father, long journey, kindness & compassion, visits to foreign places, religion, higher learning, higher studies, intellect, wisdom, fortune, philosophy, intuition, religious places, spiritual welfare, pilgrimage to holy places, charity, sacrifices, research, invention, discovery, law, communication with spirits, publishing (religious/science/law/philosophy) , third child, devotion to Guru/spiritual teacher, communication, science, universities, migration, charity, purity of mind, penance, coronation hall, circulation of money, wells, mother’s illness, grandchildren, business dealing in foreign countries or with foreigners, vows, permanent residence, charity, places of worship, righteousness, kingdom, faith,  divine worship, result of past actions, description of karma (Dhrutham, Adhrutham, Dhrutha-adhrutham),  luck, merits,  exploration, degree of knowledge, submission of thesis, Dharma, dreams & visions,  air travel,  association with good people, family deity, favour from others,  one’s policy,  drug, dignity, mythology, moral study,  acquisition of higher learning,

10th House Profession, career, boss, government, reputation, popularity, standing in left, honour, dignity, nature and fame, success, ambition and authority, worldly attainments, advancement in left, promotion, employer, superior, master, judge, religious function, last rites to one’s parents, pilgrimage to holly places, honour from government, honourable living, permanence, horse-riding, athletics, agriculture, medicine, prosperity, adopted son, learning and fame, national leaders, ill-health of children, loss to elder brother, worldly position, kingdom, heaven, good deeds, father,  power & prestige, credit & conduct,  yagnas, duty, knowledge of special arts, royalty.

11th House Fulfillment of wishes and hopes, Elder brother, friends, society, adviser,  success in undertakings, election, victory in litigation, speculation, wealth without effort, pleasure, prosperity, profit, cure of disease, left ear and hand, right foot, paternal uncle, easy gains, brother-in-law, longevity of mother, minister ship, the dawn of fortune, horses, elephants, vehicles, king, son-in-law, parliament, corporation, government policies and planning, museum, agriculture, birth of children, partner’s pleasurable pursuits, victory over enemies, daughter, clothes, gold, virgin, learned men, querent’s goals, adopted children, step-children, income from profession, mother’s finance, love affairs, learning astrology, Siddhi, lottery, foreign collaboration,  the agency,  progress in attempts, life with opposite sex without actually contracting marriage, progeny, trust, employer’s financial affairs, varieties of income, one’s influence, advising others, social success and popularity, gas.


12th House General loss, expenditure, investments, bed pleasures, donations, association with philanthropic institutions, going to a foreign country, separation from family, obstacles, misfortune, persecution, imprisonment, secret toil of mind, fear, inferiority complex, solitude, self-undoing, self-sacrifice, self-deeds, social barriers, unexpected troubles, secret plots, treachery, deception, suicide, murder, exile, secrecy, psychic research, the investigation into occult, hospitalization, scandals, detective work, success in occult affairs, danger from animals, laborious occupations, success in foreign countries, success in business pertaining to large animals, help from charitable institutions, lost goods never recovered, long-hidden wrath, hidden side of life, left eye, left foot, mutilation of a limb, injury to the body, dismissal from service, imprisonment, unexpected expenditure, uncommon expenses, invalid, nursing  home, mental hospital, arson, rape, loot, poisoning, boot-legging, smuggling, blackmailing, sedition, treason, assassination, jail, asylum, crime, underground movements, secret and occult societies, danger to children, renunciation, disputes, cultivation, the connection of 1, 8 and 12 suggests suicide, secrete enemies, wife’s sickness, discharge of debt, paternal prosperity, death, loss of wife, foreign the settlement, Moksham  (merging with cosmic soul), limitations, sin, sorrow, repayment of loan, poverty, obstacles, cunningness, fraud, true occultism, emotional, disturbance to sleep, issue of cheques.


Sun:          Father, King, Government authority, heart, right eye, stomach, bones, fire, education, gold, soul, name and fame, senior service officers, doctor, diseases pertaining to the head, defeating the enemy, big buildings, vitality, lover, stomach trouble, high status, land, medicines, dress, powerful, political power, nobility, coronation chambers, places of worship, intercourse with sick or mad women, hills, the mountain’s the capital town, blood pressure, fever, eye diseases, cerebral disorders, weapons, wheat.  It indicates Eastern direction.  Ruby.

Diseases:   Trouble in the right eye, high fever, heart disease, stomach ailment, skin disease, fracture of bone, leprosy, internal fever, brain trouble, disease in head.

Moon:       Business, motherland, mother, females, mind, long-distance travel, public opinion, eyes, lungs, blood, temper, longevity, mental ailments, fear, drugging, drinking wine, wealth, fisheries, leprosy, fertility, missing person, farming, milk, cloth, good food, intelligence, typhoid, consumption, royal insignia, liquor, fame, blood and vital energy, diseases arising out of the wind, epilepsy, enlargement of spleen, fluid formation in the body, fever due to cold, comforts of the bed, fine cloth, intelligence, mental disposition, sea, unsteady, romance, emotions, agriculture.  It indicates North-western direction.  Pearl.  Silver.

Diseases:   Diseases of heart and lungs, diseases in left eye, over-sleepiness, inertia, asthma, diarrhoea, bloodlessness, poisoning of blood, diseases from water, vomiting, kidney trouble, diabetes, menstrual disorder, dropsy, appendicitis and diseases of breasts and mammary glands.

Mars:        Younger brother,  anger, fire, violence, army, police, surgeon, murder, suicide, theft, criminals, accidents, injury, blood-pressure, fever, manufacturing business, medical education, operation, fight, disease in private parts, injury in the head, weapons, sex drive, energy, head, engineers, strife, hunter, venereal disease, violent crime, death, butcher, enemy, foreign travel, government service, haemorrhage, restlessness, urinary system, field, attack, defence, cuts and burns, indulgence with widows, abortion, menstrual disorders, extravagant, chemist, loose morals, hatred, illicit love.  It indicates Southern direction.  Coral, Gold, Iron.

Disease:    Diseases from heat, poisoning, cuts and wounds, leprosy, sore-eye, itches, diseases of blood, ailment in neck, diseases of marrow, blood pressure, loss of energy, diseases in female organs, fracture of bone, renal diseases, boils, tumours, cancer, piles, menstrual disorder, ulcers, dysentery and diseases in rectum.

Mercury:  Communication, logic, documents, messengers, merchants, traders, intelligence, relatives, business, young boys and girls, cheats and forgers, intellectuals, army, police, memory, speech, brain, literacy activities, Astrology, indigestion, hernia, uncle, early marriage, two marriages, love affairs, service in post and telegraph and communication departments, radio and television, cunning, journalism, proficiency in languages, short journeys, insanity, learning speech, fine arts, maternal uncle, electronics, stationery, Brahmin, horses, mathematics, maternal grandfather, doctor, travelling agent, renunciation, relations, palatial buildings, pilgrimage, jewellery, nervous system, gambling dens, authorship, power of speech, good knowledge of occult sciences, studious, research mind, advocate, printer, publisher, messengers, mercantile activities, sexual intercourse and enjoyment, architecture, import and export.  It indicates the Northern direction.  Emerald, Silver.

Diseases:   Diseases of chest and nerves, chickenpox, epilepsy, diseases of nose, watery diseases, high fever, diseases from poison, itches, fracture of bone, typhoid, madness, diseases of gall bladder, paralysis, fits, ulcers, indigestion, cholera, diseases in mouth and skin.


Jupiter:     Husband, sons, elder brother, high education, judges, lawyers, religious heads, long travel, foreign service, publishing, business, import-export, knowledge, philosophy, Vedic texts, morals, wealth, Pukhraj, ornaments, pilgrimage, horses, elephants, worship of Lord Shiva, stomach, name and fame, learned men, minister, magnanimous, expansion, teacher, professor, priest, administrator, banker, clothing, truthfulness, religious institutions, merchants, hotels, restaurants, fond of sports, jovial outlook, over-trust, prosperity and abundance, important persons, cars, Astrology, grandfather, grandchild, speaks fluently, vehicle.   It indicates the North-eastern direction.  Yellow Sapphire.

                  Diseases:   Liver, kidney and lung diseases, ear trouble, diabetes, lack of memory, tongue malady, diseases of spleen, dropsy and diseases of thighs.

Venus:      Wife, female, vehicles, clothes, wealth, fine arts, film stars, society, immorality, sexual indulgence, business, marriage, happy married life, peaceful life, law,  love affairs, extra-marital affairs, birth in a good family, urinary tract, sexual diseases, impotence, social attitude, jewellery, women’s clothing, artistic life, music, drama, acting or any other art, mistress, partnership, contract, neck and throat, kidneys and lower back, fortune, places of amusement and entertainment, pleasures of the bed, gain through speculation, finance, eye trouble, abortion, liaison, judges, comforts, beauty, marriage, company of women, good luck, horses, elephants, minister, bedroom, sexual organs, scandals, sexual intercourse, intoxicating drinks, authorship, eye trouble, eye-sight. It indicates the South-eastern direction. Diamond.

                  Diseases:   Eye trouble, venereal diseases, facial and urinal diseases, fading away of lustre in body, fits, indigestion, throat trouble, diabetes, impotency, dropsy, fever, and diseases concerning glands.

Saturn:     Elderly people, lands, farming, sannyasa, imprisonment, disease, rough speech, low status, separative influence, divorce, paralysis, nervous diseases, lame person, doctor, defective speech, belonging to the working or labouring class, chronic disease, business, labour, revengeful, envious, violent, orthodox discipline, morals, scientists, suspicious, unreliable, cancer, consumption, indebtedness, politician, underground work, reward or punishment, skin disease, judge, engineer, misfortune, loneliness, poverty.  Blue Saphire.

Diseases:   Pyorrhoea, pasteurization, small-pox, chicken-pox, falls, injury, ear/teeth trouble, deafness, asthma, paralysis, vitamin ‘B’ deficiency, impotency, constipation, cancer, blood pressure, cerebral haemorrhage, cardiac trouble, gout, leprosy, eczema, baldness, patches.

  1.    Ashta Vargams

Ashtavarga means, based on Natal Chart planetary position (SUN to SATURN) to find out what extent these planets will influence in our life as far as good & bad events are concerned.  Also, this exercise will denote the relationship/strength of each planet at a given raasi clearly.   This type of casting in a chart form is called “General Ashtavargam/Samudaaya Ashta­vargam” and for Individual Planet, “Graha Ashtavargam”.

How to prepare Ashtavargam Chart:

Step 1        Make 7 individual raasi charts for (Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus & Saturn) and mark each planets name in it.

Step 2        Start putting dots from the planets posited in the Natal Chart, at the respective Raasis as per table.

Step 3        Count no. of dots accumulated in each raasi and place the total number in another Chart 8th (Samudaayashta Vargam).

Result        The raasi containing maximum dots (Total No) is more favourable to the native and minimum no. of dots (Total No) is unfavourable raasi/time.  

                  As far as Samudaaya Ashtavargam is concerned Raasi gets the prominence. Hence when Sun transit through a raasi/month containing maximum no. of dots that particular month/raasi will be more favourable than the others.

Note:   Navagrahaas’ share:

            For Ashtavarga calculations, Planets must have the following total dots:

            Sun (48)          Moon (49)         Mars (39)  Mercury (54)         Jupiter (56)    Venus(52) Saturn (39)  Total: 337.

This Ashtavarga chart will enable us to decide in which month we should engage ourselves for getting favourable results.

  1.    Planetary Conjunction

When two or more planets come within certain specific distance (Arc) in their respective or­bits, they are said to be in conjunction.

There are 2 segments of conjunction:

                        Sun  &  Moon                                                                                                                        Other Planets

                        Any planet within 12° near Sun or Moon                               Any planet other than Sun & Moon

will have conjunction with above planets.                Within 8° near to each other will have conjunction with each other.

Note:     The inherit qualities of planet will change while conjunction.  Closer the conjunction, greater the effect and mutual transformation intensifies there.





It is good, though it indicates crisis.

Sun-Mercury OR Venus

Produce favourable results


Highly unfavourable


Good fortunate


Depression of mind


Intellectually & financially good


It makes one practical or dogmatic, one maybe impul­sive.


The sound reason, good judgment and intuition


Not good.


Very impulsive, Takes hasty decisions.


Social success and financial gains.


Disappointment, loss of honour and credits.


Loss and frivolity (not serious/silly).


High disastrous.


Very good in many terms.


Favourable artistic activities and purposes.


Not quite good, because it makes a person impulsive and hasty, Health will suffer a lot.


Socially & Financially favourable.


Retard progress, cramps one’s freedom and brings mental depression.

  1.  What  makes  a  Planet  to  modify   it’s Quality

All planets have their own inherent qualities.  These qualities are modified by virtue of their placement in certain Bhavas.  Aspects from other planets are also influencing factors for modification.

  1.    What is Signification?

Signification means representation. A Planet, by having a link with another planet, becomes eli­gible for representation of that planet.

The  Five-Fold  Theory  of  Signification :

  1.  Strongest:

        When planets are in their own Star while occupation in a Raasi.

  1.  Stronger:

        When a Planet in their own Raasi/Sign/House/Bhaava

  1. Strong:

        Planet/s in the Star Lord’s own Raasi/Sign/House (during the occupation)

  1.  Less in Strength:

        The Bhaava lord (in their Own Raasi)

  1.  Least in Strength:

        Plant/s in conjunction with OR aspected by anyone of the planet.

Event  (Cause)  and  Effect  (Result):

Sub Lord is the indicator of Event/s attributed to the Bhaava concerned. If the Sub Lord is not the significator by whatsoever relations of that Bhaava, such event/s attributed to that Bhaava Lord concerned will not materialize.  Therefore, the event is indicated by the Sub-Lord OR Kaaraka Lord.

  1.    Maaraka & Baadhaka Lords:

Maaraka lords are representatives of Death/Destruction.  In  all birth charts 2nd, 7th and 12th signs from Lagna are Maarakastaanas.

BAADHAKA lord is representative of damages.  Bhaadaka lord will change depend upon Lagna. The Baadhakasthaana is fixed as follows :

If Chara/Movable Raasi is Lagna, then the 11th Raasi Lord becomes the “Bhaadaka Lord”

If Sthira/Fixed   Raasi is Lagna, then the 9th Raasi Lord becomes the “Bhaadaka Lord”

If Ubhaya/Dual Raasi is Lagna, then the 7th Raasi Lord becomes the “Bhaadaka Lord”

  1. Strength / Power of Planets
  1.    Sthaana Balam
  2.    Dik Balam
  3.  Ayana Balam
  4.  Vakra Balam
  5.  Rashmi Balam
  6.  Utcha / Moola Trikona / Swakshetra / Adhi Bandhukshetra / Bandhukshetra / Sama­kshetra / Satrukshetra / Adhi Satrukshetra / Neechakshetra Balam.
  7.  Moudya (afflicted) Balam

Sthaana Balam :

Depends upon where the planet is posited. Planets have their good positional strength if they are posited within these 1 to 5 categories:  1) Utcha 2) Relatives House 3) Own Drekaana 4) Own Navaamsa 5) Own House and 6) For Moon & Venus in Yugma(Female) Raasis.

Planet’s value of Strength as follows :

Utcha (Exalted)                                                           =          1                      100 %

Moola Trikona                                                            =          ¾                     75 %

Swakshetra (Own house)                                =          ½                     50 %

Bandhukshetra (Friend’s house)         =          ¼                     25 %

Satru (Enemy’s house)                                   =          1/8                   12½ %

Neecha (Debilitated)                                       =    Nil             0 %

Note:         As will be noticed from the above table the value (benefic results) decreases from Utcha to Neecha.

Dik Bala:   Planet/s                                                                Dik Bala

                                                Mercury & Jupiter:                       When occupied the House of First (Lagna).

                                                Sun & Mars:                       When occupied the House of 10th.

                                                Saturn:                       7th House.

                                                Moon & Venus:                       4th House.

Kaala Balam  (5 levels):

Normally the Planets have their Special Strength during :

If Birth Take Place                                       Attributed  Strength of  Planet/s

During Day:           Sun, Jupiter, Venus & Mercury.

During Night:           Moon, Mars, Saturn & Mercury.


During Black/Krishna Paksha:           Natural Malefic Planets (Sun, Mars, Saturn)

During White/Sukla Paksha:           Benefic Planets (Moon, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus)

Waara  Bhalam

Each particular day, the respective day lord/ruler will have special strength.

Maasa / Samvalsara  Bhalam

Each particular Month/Samvalsara Rulers will have special strength during their ruling period. (Note: Month & Raasi lord are same.  Samvalsara ruler is the New year day’s Star-Lord  i.e. When Sun enters Mesha Raasi).

Chesta  Balam

During “Utharaayana” both Sun & Moon will have extraordinary strength and all other Planets will have 3 types of Cheshta Balam. They are 1) While retrogradation  2) When conjoined with Moon.  3) When they win the battle/yudha.

Vakra/Retrogation Balam :

Even if a planet is posited in Neecha or Satru raasi, if it is in retrogradation,  it will derive power to do good.

Planet’s  Moudyam / Blemishes :

When the planet/s near the Sun, they start losing their power, such a state is called “Moudyam”.  It happens when the Moon is within 12° distance; Mars within 17°; Mercury within 13°; Jupiter within 11°; Venus within 9° and Saturn within 15° to Sun.

  1.  Important Notes  For  Prediction:
  1. An event must be indicated in the birth chart, otherwise, an event never gets fructified.
  1. Planets normally produce the result during either their own Dasa or Apahaara or Anthara or Sookshma or Praana.  But all these depend upon the link between Kaaraka/Sub-Lord and Bhaava concerned.
  1.  Three important points to remember: 1) Indication of event. 2) Period of the event indicating by Planets or the linking Planets. 3) Transitory agreement of those linked Planets.
  1. Moon is very powerful during Krishna Navami (B-9) to Sukla Panchami (W-5) rest of the days are weak.
  1. Any natural malefic planet/s become “Lagnaadhipa” (lord of Ascendant) they contribute a lot of benefits to the native than malefic effects.
  1. When malefic planet/s are occupied Kendra position (1-4-7-10) they produce benefits and favourable to the native concerned.
  1. Generally, malefic occupying any house (without benefic planet’s aspect) will affect that part of the body ruled by the particular house.
  1. When 6th house dominates in a female horoscope she will be a powerful person.
  1. Please note no House or Bhaava is unfortunate or evil unless it is afflicted.

==== THE END ====

There are plenty of excel sheet charts with examples and facts. I shall upload those in due course!

Tutor and Author: R V Venkiteswaran (Venky)

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