- What is Manas! (Mind)?
Ans. Whatever is the reason or cause for everything is called Manas. It is just like Sky, which is difficult to explain but explainable. It is only an imagination (Sanakalp) and the same can be compared with Mind. According to Vedantha – an assumption or reflection of something that exists or does not exists is the Mind.
- What are the divisions of Akasa (Sky Element)?
Ans. Two. 1. Brahmandam (Cosmic Universe), 2. Pindandam (Mortal Body). Both are derived from Parasakthi Matha (Divine Mother).
- Where the Brahman is posited?
Ans. Brahman is seated in the Space (Parakasa), that is why everyone is looking up while praying.
- What is the Maha Divya Sakthi (Great Divine Power) of Brahman?
Ans. Paraakasam (ever pervading space), it is even beyond five elements.
- What is the difference between Sushupti Avastha (Deep Sleep) and Dhyana Samadhi (Meditation)?
Ans. During the sleep stage, the Soul does not merge with Brahman (Paramathma / Supreme soul), whereas, during meditation, the Soul merges with Brahman.
- What are the forms of Jeeva Chaithanyam (Existence of life)?
Ans. 3 Types viz. 1. Viswaan (having this name during Jagratha Avastha/waken or active stage), 2. Thaijasan (having this name during Swapna Avastha/dream stage), 3. Praaghnan (having this name during Sushupthi Avastha/deep sleep stage). Viswan represent Five Elements (Pancha Bhuthas), Thaijasan represent Brain (Budhi), and Praaghnan represents the Cause (Kaaran/Para).
- How to identify the Dwaitha Bhavam (Duality) in a person?
Ans. Those who project “I” attitude by word, mind and action are embraced into Dwaitha.
- What are the various characteristics forms of Jeeva?
Ans. Four. 1. Anubhoothi (Sensation/Perception/Experience), 2. Vedhanam (Knowledge/Feeling), 3. Prathipathi (Confession), 4. Prathyaksham (Reality).
- What is the symbolic representation of Jeeva (Life energy)?
Ans. “I” (Aham). The experience or awareness or consciousness of wisdom.
- Who are the wise people (Sath-Janaas)?
Ans. The great people who shine just like Sun, due to the destruction of their “bond of ignorance” (Ajnaan Granthi) are the wise-people. They are also called Easwara-Swaroopis (divine personalities).
- What is the real experience of life (Sathya Anubhava)?
Ans. Soul’s natural character is unafflicted happiness, therefore, experiencing that happiness is a true experience, rest all unreal joy and it can’t last for a long period.
- What is the easiest way of doing Thathwa-Vichara (Practising philosophical truth)?
Ans. Asking the following questions again and again. One day the inner mind will open and show the answer. Q1? Who Am I (Aham Kaha!), Q2? How did this Universe create? (Kena Prapancham Jathayeth), Q3? What is death (Maranam Kim), Q4? Where will I go after the death (Maranaa-nantharam Kidrusa margam Jayanthi)
- Who is the gate keepers (Dwarapalakaas) of the Path of Liberation (Moksha Paad)?
Ans. They are Four. 1. Samam (Control over Indriyas and Mana), 2. Thathwa-Vichaaram (Philosophical vision), 3. Santhosham (Happiness), 4. Sajjana Samsargam (Wise-people company).
- What is Vasana (Knowledge derived from memory)?
Ans. The memory of past actions (Karma’s) leftover.
- What are the Kalpaka Vrukshas (Kalpaka Trees)?
Ans. They are Five. 1. Mandhaaram, 2. Paarijatham, 3. Santhanam, 4. Kalpa-Vruksham, 5. Hari-chandanam.
- What signifies the 9 elements (Thatwas) of Navakshari Mantra?
Ans. Navakshari Mantra is a combination of nine syllable seed hymns. They represent 1. Earth (Prithvi), 2. Poorna Chandra (Full Moon), 3. Sivan (Lord Sivan), 4. Maya (Goddess of illusion), 5. Sakthi (Parameswari), 6. Krishna-dwav (Black-path/Kaali), 7. Madhanan (Kamadeva), 8. Ardha-Chandran (Half-moon), 9. Bindu (Center Dot)
- What are the 7 Kiranas (Rays) of Maha Vishnu revealed through Sun?
Ans. 1. Devas (Divine Personalities), 2. Rishis (Sages), 3. Gandharvas (Divine Musicians), 4. Apsaras (Nymph/Wives of the Gandharvas), 5. Yakshas (Spirits / Demi-Gods / Ghost), 6. Saadhyaas (Accomplished great people), 7. Rakshasaas (Demons).
- What are the Ashta Mangalyams (8 Auspicious items)?
Ans. They are two sets one is “Movable” and the other is “Immovable”. Of course, these items will differ from place and time (Desa and Kaalam). Set 1: Movable ones: 1. Sugar Cane (Ikshu), 2. Tharu-Raajam (Tender Bud), 3. Nishpaavam (Fan), 4. Jeeraka Seeds (Cumin), 5. Milk (Ksheera), 6. Kusumbam (Kind of Turmeric), 7. Pushpam (Flower), 8. Lavanam (Salt). Set 2: Immovable ones: 1. Kurava (Rice), 2. Kannadi (Mirror), 3. Vilakku (Lamp), 4. Poornakumbam (Sacred Pot), 5. Vasthram (Wearing Cloth), 6. Niranazhi (Measuring Pot), 7. Sumangali (Married woman living with husband), 8. Swarnam (Gold).
- Who is the liberated person (Mukthan)?
Ans. The one who conquered the desires, passions and showing no attachment to anything in this universe, not expecting any type of rewards from his/her services or actions, at the same time, face life without any fear and move forward as it comes!
- For whom and till when this Jagath (Universe) is unreal (Mithya)?
Ans. Until the aspirant realizes the ultimate truth (Absolute Brahma Sakshathkara) this Universe is real, whereas the moment he/she realizes the ultimate truth the Universe become unreal (Mithya).
- What is needed to start creation in this world?
Ans. 3 Indispensible elements are needed. 1. Vasthu (Matter-Vishnu), 2. Oorjam (Energy-Brahma), 3. Ichha Sakthi (Willpower-Siva).
- How do Easwara and Jeeva co-exists in this Universe?
Ans. Nothing can exist without an Upadi (Device or Tactic) in this cosmic world. Easwara pervades across Universe with the help of “Maya” (Illusion) and Jeeva lives by using “Antha Karanas” (Manas, Budhi, Chitham & Ahamkaram).
- Who are Mahathmaas (Great Persons)?
Ans. The one who can implement the order of his/her inner call (Ichha Sakthi) for the welfare of the public.
- Who is Aadhyaathmik Aacharyan (Spiritual Teacher/Guru)?
Ans. A learned wise person, who gives an appropriate Marga Darsan (Spiritual path and vision) to different people, as they deserve is Spiritual Teacher.
- What is the Swadharma of a Sanyasi (Renouncer)?
Ans. There are two types of acts or work. 1. Pravruthi Dharma and 2. Nivruthi Dharma. Nivruthi dharma will lead the person to renounce everything and achieve liberation. Sanyasi dharma is Nivruthi Dharma.
- What are the pillars or foot of Dharma (Virtue)?
Ans. 4 Padas viz. 1. Sathyam, 2. Dhaya, 3. Dhaanam, 4. Thapass.
- What is Dhaiveeka Sambath (Godly Property/Divine Acquisition)?
Ans. An acquisition or divinely act that can lead a person to achieve ultimate freedom (Liberate oneself from transmigration).
- What is made up of Sanathana Dharma (Ever living Virtuous)?
Ans. A combination of 7 great qualities such as 1. Sathyam (Truth), 2. Ghnaanam (Wisdom), 3. Dhaya (Compassion), 4. Samyamam (Accuracy/Perfection), 5. Dhairyam (Courage), 6. Vidhya (Knowledge) and 7. Vinayam (Humility).
- What is Anachaaram (Improper behaviour/misconduct)?
Ans. An act, whereby “Trikaranaas” (Mind-Words-Action) will contradict each other from their original duties, such an act is called Anachaaram.
- What is Veda Mantra or Why it is called Veda Mantra?
Ans. Humans are Human only because they live under the command of Mind. Therefore, the Mind is the reason for bonding as well as freedom. A holy sound that can purify or refine the mind is called Veda Mantra.
- What is called Madhu Parkam?
Ans. It is an offering while doing sacred worship (Pooja). This is a combination of sacred liquids made from 3 portions of curd, 1 portion of honey, 1 portion of Ghee.
- What is Bhootha Yagnam?
Ans. Protecting and nurturing all living beings especially animals. Seeing everyone equally like self.
- What Manushya Yagnam?
Ans. Serving people without any expectations.
- What is the name of Seven tongues of Agni (Fire)?
Ans. Seven 1. Suvarna, 2. Kanaka, 3. Raktha, 4. Krishna, 5. Suprabha, 6. Athiraktha, 7. Bahuroopa.
- How many types of Purushas referred in Vedas?
Ans. They are four. 1. Sareera Purushas (Men with mortal body/humans), 2. Chhanda Purushas (Pleasing Personalities/Eminent Models), 3. Veda Purushas (Person enlighted with true knowledge and wisdom), 4. Maha Purushas (Great men).
- What is Naimithika Karmas?
Ans. They are two. 1. Shodasa Samsakaras (16 types of Refining or purifying oneself), 2. Praayaschitha Karmaas (Act of Atonement).
- What is Nithya Karmas?
Ans. They are six. 1. Brahma Yagnam, 2. Deva Yagnam, 3. Pithru Yagnam, 4. Manushya/Adhithi Yagnam, 5. Bhootha Yagnam and 6. Sadaachara Kramas (Leading virtuous life/Good conduct).
- What is simple Sath Sangh?
Ans. A company that is created or associated with holy people/Wisemen is Sath Sangh.
- How Vruth is categorized?
Ans. Three. 1. Nithya Vruth (Daily/Routine) to earn holy credits on a daily basis, 2. Naimithika Vruth (From time to time) to eradicate/wash off sins, 3. Kaamya Vruth (As and when needed) to earn divinity and happiness in life.
- What is Vruth (Celestrial Joy/Fasting)?
Ans. An act of holy determination or resolution. Two explanations are given in the Sastras viz. 1. Whatever that can give the feeling of celestial joy (Swargeeya Sukha) is Vruth, 2. Undertaking Upavaasas based on certain sacred rules and regulations also called Vruth. It is a continues effort!
- How Theerthas (Sacred Objects) are classified?
Ans. Three types viz. 1. Jangamam (2 = Brahma Ghnaanees and Gows / Realized Souls and Cows), 2. Maanasam (12 = Sathyam, Kshama, Ssamam, Dhamam, Dhaya, Dhaanam, Aarjavam, Santhosham, Brahmacharyam, Ghaanam, Dhairyam, Thapasya), 3. Sthavaram (6 = Holy Rivers/Punya Nadhis, Holy Lakes/Punya Sarovaras, Holy Trees/Punya Vrukshas, Holy Forests/Aranyaas, Holy Lands/Punya Puris, Samudras/Seas)
- What is Manasa Theerthas (Mind purifying elements/Sacred Objects)?
Ans. They are Seven. 1. Sathyam (Truthfulness), 2. Kshama (Patience), 3. Indriya Samyamam (Regulating sensual desires), 4. Bhootha Dhaya (Compassion towards all living beings), 5. Priya Vachanam (Calmness, Friendly and kindful talk), 6. Ghnaanam (True Knowledge), 7. Thapass (Penance/Ascetic).
- How many Theertham exists in this Earth according to Sanathana Dharma?
Ans. Total 3 ½ crores (35 million) Threerthams are referred in 4 major categories viz Dhaivam, Aasuram, Aarsham and Maanusham.
- What is Theertham (Sacred liquid)?
Ans. People incur sins due to malefic activities by way of mind, word and action (Manasa-Vaacha-Karmana). Whereas “anything” (by remembering, hearing or consuming) that can wash off these sins to be known as Theertham.
- What are the items used for making an Idol of God and how many are they?
Ans. 8 Types. 1. Krishna Sila (Black Stone), 2. Loha (Metal), 3. Rathna (Precious Gem Stone), 4. Katusarkara Yogam (Combination of about 108 material, neither stone nor metal), 5. Dharu (Wood), 6. Sushkaapa (Mud/Clay), 7. Chithram (Painted Picture), 8. Mana-h-Kalpitham (Visualizing/Imagination).
- What is the source or foundation of the construction of Hindu Temple?
Ans. Aagama Sastras (Collection of Vedic Doctrines).
- What is the basis of the construction of Hindu Temples?
Ans. Three concepts in one are the core idea behind the formation of Hindu Temples viz. 1. Representing Brahmanda (Cosmic world) as Prapancha (Temple compound), 2. Representing Pindanda (Mortal Body) as Human body, 3. Representing Panchabhoothathmas (Five elements of this universe) as Thathwas (Philosophical Principles).
- From when the civil rights administration law (Jeevitha-Barana Vyavastha) was formed by the creator?
Ans. According to Sanathana Dharma Sastras, the first humans (Aborigins) were born in the Bharatha Khandam (From Australia till the end of Africa), where the life system was based on virtues and moral merits. However, when Kinnaras, Gandharvas, Asuras and Rakshasas lifestyle become intolerable for humans, God created the civil and criminal law for justification. (Approximate period is last quarter of Krita Yuga i.e. 29.52 million years ago).
- Who are Srauthas (Vedic followers)?
Ans. They are a set of people who follows whatever is prescribed in the Vedas only. They are known as Vaidheekars.
- Who are Smarthas (Philosophical followers)?
Ans. They are a group of people who follows Varnaasrama Aacharas of Smruthi, Upasana and Puranas. According to them all Gods and its creation is one and the same except their name and form.
- What is the important Grantha (Holy Book) of Buddha Math?
Ans. Tripitaka (Thripitakam).
- What is the important Grantha (Holy Book) of Jaina Math?
Ans. Thathwaartha-dhigama Sutram (Agam Sutra). The concluding core of the message is that “End of all types of Karmas is Mokham”.
- How many important Avatars Lord Maha Vishnu took?
Ans. According to Puranas of Bharat, he has taken 24 Avatars, that include Jain and Buddha.
- When did the Visishtadvaitham was formed?
Ans. 10th Century CE – Yamunachaaryar (also known as Alavandar or Periya Mudaliar) blessed his disciple Ramanujachaaryar to propagate.
- What is the Vedanta of Saakthaas (Sakthi worshippers)?
Ans. Sakthi Visishtadvaitham
- What are the Thrividha Bhavas (3 types of attitudes/manners) of divine mother Parasakthi?
Ans. 1. Dhivyaachaaram (where She will bless the devotee in a pleasant form), 2. Veerachaaram (where She will make her devotees fearless and powerful), 3. Paswaacharam (where She will grant Ghyaan/knowledge to her devotees).
- What are the Parampara (class of sub-sects) among Brahmin Caste in Bharath?
Ans. They are 11. 1. Vadamal, 2. Branacharanam, 3. Ashtasahasram, 4. Thenkalai, 5. Arudra, 6. Vrushaba, 7. Vaadhyaman, 8. Mamgudi Branacharanam, 9. Vaathima, 10. Mamgudi, 11. Vadakalai. They are known for their own traits, characteristics, living style and culture.
- What are the important Anand (Pure Happiness or Pleasure) humans can experience?
Ans. There are a total of 8 Anandhaas identified by the Mahatmas (Great people), they are 1. Vishayanandham (Pleasure from sensual activities), 2. Vaasanaandham (Pleasure from knowledge derived from memory), 3. Nijaanandham (Pleasure of constant/truth/firmness), 4. Mukhyanandham (Pleasure of highest priority), 5. Aathmanandham (Pleasure of Self), 6. Adhvaithaanandham (Pleasure of Oneness), 7. Ghyaanandham (Pleasure of true knowledge), 8. Brahmaanandham (Pleasure of realizing the absolute truth).
- How many Thathvas (Philosophical Doctrines) exists in this universe?
Ans. 36 Thathvas. Bharathiya Saints (Maharshis) invented this secret.
- How many books authored by Sri Adi Sankaracharya?
Ans. 272 Granthas (Books). In this series, Sri Lalitha Sahasranamam is not included however, he has given commentaries on Sri Lalitha Thrusathi.
- What are the important sources of Vedantha?
Ans. 1. Upanishads, 2. Brahma Sutram, 3. Bagavad Gita.
- What is Dvaitha Philosophy (Dualistic Nature)?
Ans. Dvaitha Philosophy: According to Madhvacharya, the Dualist, the Universe and the living souls are separate from God. The living beings are the servants of God and advocate the reality of five-fold differences between: 1) Individual Soul and God, 2) Soul and Soul, 3) Soul and Matter, 4) God and Matter, and 5) Matter and Matter. This is the basis on which we mentioned that Dvaita philosophy is based on body level perspective as seen and felt by the senses of the relationship between God, Soul (Man) and Matter. In this philosophy, the Supreme Being is Vishnu or Narayana. Under Dvaita philosophy, the Soul (Jeeva) upon liberation does not lose its distinct identity, which is different from Vishnu, nor does it become equal to Him in any respect. It is most appealing to the common man irrespective of caste or creed since it is based on intense devotion (Bhakti) that ultimately leads to Jnana and Salvation.
- What is Visishtadvaitha Philosophy (Qualified Non-dualism)?
Ans. Visishtadvaitha Philosophy: It is a Qualified Non-dualism, according to Ramanujacharya, accepts the ultimate Reality to be Brahman; but the individual souls and the universe (Matter) are also real, being parts of Brahman or modes of His manifestation. Brahman alone exists but is characterized by multiplicity. Brahman, with the universe and the individual souls, constitutes the whole of Reality. A Visishtadvaitin wants to become like Lord Narayana and enjoy the divine bliss. He does not wish to merge himself or become identical with the Lord. He wishes to have remained as a spark or a ray of HIS consciousness.
- What is the conviction of Advaitha Philosophy?
Ans. An individual’s Aathma (Jeeva) will merge in Brahman and the Aathma will become Brahman itself.
- What is Advaitha Philosophy (Non-dualist)?
Ans. Advaitha Philosophy: According to the Non-dualist, Brahman or Pure Consciousness is the only Reality; though the Brahman alone becoming Jagath and Jeeva, yet, the names and forms in the universe are unreal (Mithya), and man, in his true essence, is one with Brahman. Sankaracharya proclaimed this as “Brahma Sathyam Jagath Mithya Jeevo Brahmaiva na parah”. An Advaita Jnani merges himself and becomes one with Brahman just like all the rivers lose their identity once they merge into the big Ocean. His goal is to become identical with Brahman. It is based on the definition of God as ‘Ekam Eva Advitiyam Brahma’ (one and only one Reality without a second).
- What the Uthama Karma (Perfect Duty)?
Ans. First, doing one’s own duty (Swa-Karma) and through which acquire true knowledge and become Ghyaani.
- Which is the Nasthika Maths?
Ans. They are 4. 1. Sankyam, 2. Mimamsa, 3. Jainam, 4. Buddham.
- What is the difference between Aasthika Math and Nasthika Math?
And. Aasthika Sect = firmly believes in the existence of God, whereas, the non-believers are Nasthika Sect, due to lack of non-physical or scientific proof.
- Which is the religions (Matham) that took birth from Bharat (India)?
Ans. 12 religious sects viz. 1. Vedantham, 2. Saivam, 3. Vaishnavam, 4. Saktham, 5. Sauram, 6. Ganapathyam 7. Kaumaram, 8. Yogam, 9. Sankhyam, 10. Mimaamsa, 11. Jainam, 12. Buddham.
- What is the language of God (Easwar)?
Ans. Mauna (Silence). From the Silence, “OM” came out, from OM the “Samskrutha Basha” came out. Whereas if you look at deep, again the Silence will prevail.
- In whom the Vidya (Knowledge) will shine?
Ans. According to Vedas, the Vidya (Educated Knowledge) will shine those who possess the Self Confidence (Aathma Viswas) and Honesty to learn new knowledge (Aarjava).
- What was the name of ancient America when Bharat Chakravarthis were ruling?
Ans. Maya Rajya (Probably during the period of Mayan).
- What was the capital city of ancient Bharat?
Ans. Tamralipthi (Today it is known as Tamaluk) in West Bengal.
- What did Jesus learn from Bharat?
Ans. In 1894 Mr Nicholas Notovik, a Russian writer who translated one the Sastra book of Bharat (probably Bhavishyath Puran) into the French language. Where he mentioned that Jesus came to Bharat at the age of 12 and joined University in “Thakshasila” to study Srimadh Bhagavatham, Gita, Dharma Padham, Sath-dharma Pundareeka Grantha Vidhyas as well as Yoga and Niyoga Vidya from Acharya Sri Rangaji.
- What is Thesis (Conclusion of an Invention)?
Ans. It is the name of the table placed in front of a King (In the western region). A proposal will be placed for his consideration in this table if he accepts it will become Thesis if not it will be considered as Hypothesis (Suggestion).
- What is Poorna Sastram (Full Authentic Knowledge)?
Ans. Conclude after referring to the Sastras of Bharat that refers to 1. Parinama Sidhanth (Transformation and Development), 2. Avathaara Sidhanth (Incarnation Theory), 3. Praani Vighnaan (Knowledge of life and living beings), 4. Jyothi Sastra (Astronomy and Astrology) is to be considered as Poorna Sastram. The question will be asked why Bharat, please note Bharat was the only and first place where formal education was given to deserving people from time immemorial. Mainly 5 Universities that includes Thakshasila and Nalanda, Sarada Peed etc.
- Who was the first person to manufacture aeroplane indigenously in Bharat/India?
Ans. Sri Siva Sankara Thapedkar. The Aircraft was known as “Pushpakam” under a category name of “Marutha Sakha” in Mumbai 1895. The Aircraft flew at 1500 feet altitude. Whereas, westerners (Americans) claiming that they manufactured aircraft that can fly for commercial purpose in 1867 & 1871 born Wright Brothers.
- Ever since when the Bharatheeya Sastras started facing decline?
Ans. Between the 4th and 19th centuries. Due to few Mahathmas incarnations, it is not fully destroyed yet faced damages. Revival is every Bharatheeya’s responsibility.
- How many Upa-Purans (Sub Sacred Books) are referred in Sanathana Dharma (Today’s Hinduism)?
Ans. 18+2 = 20 Upa-Purans. 1. Soorya, 2. Ganesa, 3. Kalika, 4. Kalki, 5. Sanathkumara, 6. Narasimha, 7. Durvasa, 8. Vasishta, 9. Bhargava, 10. Kapila, 11. Parasara, 12. Saamba, 13. Nandikeswara, 14. Bhruhathdharma, 15. Varuna, 16. Pasupathi, 17. Manava, 18. Mudgala, 19. Sri-Devi Bhagavatham, 20. Vaayu.
- How many Purans are referred to in Buddhism?
Ans. 8 Purans. Buddhism is a path of practice and spiritual development leading to Insight into the true nature of reality. The Upadi they follow mainly meditation that delivers unconditional happiness known as enlightenment.
- How many Maha Purans according to Jainism?
Ans. Jains means Victory. Therefore, the Jainism is referring to the path of victory in crossing over life’s stream of rebirths by destroying karma through an ethical and spiritual life. There are 24 Maha Purans exists.
- What is the core message of Maha Puranas?
Ans. Helping others without any expectations will reward Punyam (Holy Credits) whereas Troubling others would attract Paapa (Demerits/Sin). i.e. Paropakaram = Punya and Para Peedanam = Paapa.
- Which are the 18 Maha Puraan?
Ans. 1. Padhma (55,000 versus), 2. Brahma (13,000 versus), 3. Vishnu (23,000 versus), 4. Siva (24,000 versus), 5. Bhaagavatham (18,000 versus), 6. Narada (25,000 / 18,110 versus), 7. Markandeya (9,000 / 6,900 versus), 8. Agni (15,000 versus), 9. Bhavishya (14,000 versus), 10. Brahma-vaivartham (18,000 versus), 11. Linga (11,000 versus), 12. Varaha (24,000 / 10,000 versus), 13. Skanda (81,100 versus), 14. Vaamana (10,000 versus), 15. Koorma (17,000 / 6,000 versus), 16. Mathsya (14,000 versus), 17. Garuda (18,000 / 11,000 versus), 18. Brahmaanda Puran (12,000 versus). Total 401,100 versus or 360,110 versus.
- What are the Lakshnaas (Characteristics Definition) for a Puran (Sacred Book)?
Ans. 5 Indications or qualities must be present viz. 1. Sargam (Srushti Vighnaanam – Explorations about creation), 2. Prathi-Sargam (creation-sustain-dissolution and re-creation), 3. Srushti Krama Aadivamsavali (Chronology of the creation such as hierarchy system of the beings etc…), 4. Manvantharam (Period of Manu – creator of law for humans to follow), 5. Soorya-Chandra Vamsavali (Clan of Sun and Moon in Earth). These five qualities must be explained in the story to qualify the status of Puran.
- How Prapancham (Cosmos/Universe) get created?
Ans. Parasakthi (The Supreme Power/Energy) is hidden in the Para Brahman (Attribute-less), whereas when the creation is to be started (Srushti), at that juncture, the Parasakthi takes the form of Ichha Sakthi (Desires) that developed into Ghyana Sakthi/Roopa (Knowledge) followed by Kriya Sakthi/Roopa (Action). That Kriya Sakthi will become 1. the Spandham (Pulsing), 2. Parispandham (Subtle Pulsing), 3. Prakramam (Initial order), 4. Pariseelanam (Efforts), 5. Pracharam (Expand)
- Which are the most useful Yogas for enhancing spiritual life?
Ans. 1. Manthra Yogam (that includes Gyaan and Bakthi Yogas), 2. Laya Yogam, 3. Hatha Yogam, 4. Raaja Yogam.
- What is Yogam?
Ans. Yogam is oneness or union. By nature, humans are having duality ever since they started learning things from the universe. Therefore, we must investigate Yogam in different aspects which are widely accepted and propagated through Sastras. They are 1. One need to minimize the thinking process (Chitha Vruthi Sudhi) then cleanse and fix the pure mind in the silence itself is Yogam, 2. A balanced mind is also known as Yogam, 3. Jeevathma losing its existence into Paramathma is Yogam.
- Yagneswar Maha Vishnu’s form represents what?
Ans. Padas (Feet) = Vedas, Karam (Hands) = Homa Dravyaas, Mukha (Face) = Indhan/Firewood, Jihva (Tongue) = Angi (Fire), Dhanth (Teeth) = Yupa (Sacrificial Pillar), Nethram = Pratha and Rathri (Day and Night), Karna (Ears) = Vedanthas (Philosophy), Mukha (Mouth) = Sruva (Small Wooden Ladle), Naasam (Nose) = Ajyam (Ghee), Sabda (Sound) = Samaveda Dhwani, Sirass (Head) = Brahmana (Priest), Roma (Hair) = Yaga Kramam (Procedures), Chalana (Movement) = Sathkarma (Noble holy work), Nakh (Nail) = Yaga Dhiksha (Determination), Jaanu (Knees) = Yaga Mruga/Pasu (Helping Animals), Yoni (Womb) = Homa (Fire Pit), Sareera Dhathus (Body elements) = Phalas (Fruits), Hrudhayam (Heart) = Dhaan (Charity), Raktha (Blood) = Soma Rasa (Herbal Juice), Mano Vegas (Force of Mind) = Havyas and Kavyas (Offerings), Kriyas (Functions/Rituals) = Mantras (Holy Names), Chibhukam (Chin and Chick) = Chhandhas (Meters), Aasanam (Seat) = Guhyopanishad, Chhaya (Shadow) = Dharma Pathni (Consort/Wife).
- What is known as Havyam and Kavyam?
Ans. Both are food offered to celestial bodies viz. Havyam is the food/ingredients (Home Dravyas) offered to Devas (Divine celestial bodies) and Kavyam is the food offered to Pithrus (ancestors) as Pindam.
- Sastram is a useful to whom?
Ans. Uppermost ignorant and uppermost knowledgable person (Wiseman) does not require Sastram nor useful to them. Whereas, it is useful to only those people in the middle segment (i.e. neither knowledgable nor ignorant) like Samsaris (Family people) who is eager to know the truth!
- What is Ajapa Mantra and its secrets (Rahasyam)?
Ans. It chants automatically without any specific chanting effort/method hence it is called Ajapa (Not chanted). When we inhale the power of Siva enters and when we exhale the power of Sakthi disburse. During this process, a subtle sound is produced called Siva-Sakthi Dhwani or Mantra. This process is called Ajapa Mantra Yogam.
- What are the Upadis of Paramathma (Absolute Supreme Brahman)?
Ans. They are Four Upadis viz. 1. Easwara Upadi, 2. Maya Upadi, 3. Jeeva Upadi, 4. Avidhya Upadi.
- What is the Upadi of Jeeva (Life Energy)?
Ans. Avidhya or Agyaan (Ignorance), that constituted from afflicted impurity or Asudha Sathwam (Impure consciousness).
- What is the Upadi (Substitution/Appearance) of Easwara?
Ans. Maya or Agyaan, it constitutes Sudha Sathwam (Pure consciousness) emerged from God itself.
- What is Ojas (Glowing Vitality/Strength)?
Ans. Human bodies are made up of 7 Dhathus (elements) and the Ojass is 8th Dhaathu. How Ojass is seen in a person is explained in the spiritual scriptures that when one gets the Devi Chaithanyam or effulgence or grace, that produce Sakthi (Strength), Mahima (Greatness), Dheepthi (Brilliance), Jeeva Sakthi (Vital Energy Power). In fact, these are the qualities of Ojas.
- What is Narak (Hell)?
Ans. Anything and everything is not in your favour it is called Narak. It is also a state or a place.
- What is Swarga (Paradise)?
Ans. Anything and everything is in your favour is Swargam. There are two aspects of Swarga. 1. A celestial world (an imaginary place), 2. A state or possession viz. Dhanam (Wealth), Puthra (Children), Mitra (Friends), Pathni (Wife). When these four states are in your favour or under your command, one can realize the Swarga while living in this earth itself.
- What is Prakruthi (Nature)?
Ans. There are many explanations about Nature. We will learn this one; an equal contribution of Sathwa-Rajas-Thamas qualities makes the Prakruthi also known as Pradhan.
- How many Mantra Naama is referred in Laghu Sthuthi?
Ans. 195,840 Mantras.
- How did the Vedas came into existence (Vedothpathi)?
Ans. From Parabrahma Swaroopam the AUM was born (Pranava Mantra), from that Vyaahruthi (mystical utterance) came in, thereafter the Gayathri and Aadi Vedam (Primordial Knowledge) to birth. The Aadi Vedam was divided into 4 parts as Chathurvedam (Rig-Yaju-Sama-Atharvana).
- Karpoora (Camphor) light represents what in the rituals?
Ans. It represents the total surrendering (Sarvaswa Samarpan) and the state of egoless (Nirahamkara).
- What is the difference between Ghyaanam and Vighyaanam?
Ans. Ghyaan (True Knowledge) means spiritual knowledge and experience whereas Vighyaan (Unreal Knowledge) means material knowledge and unreal experience.
- What was revealed through Nigamam (Doctrine)?
Ans. 1. Whenever Dharma (Righteous) declines, one should accept and concludes through Yoga Sakthi that everything is God itself, 2. Whenever Dharma prosper (accelerate), one should accept and concludes through Dharma Anushtaana that God is in everything.
- What are the important roles of Vedas, Smruthi and Puranas in Hindu Dharma?
Ans. Assume that the Hindu Dharma is a mystical palace, of that palace, the foundation is Vedas, hall is Smruthi and Pillars are Puranas.
- What is the aim of Ithihasam (Granth)?
Ans. To propagate Vaideeka Dharmam (Ritualistic Knowledge), sustain it as well as demonstrate to the needy.
- What is Ithihasam?
Ans. The subtle meanings of the Vedantha doctrines are propagated through stories books, is called Ithihasam. Ramayana and Mahabharatam are Ithihasas.
- What is Thanthram (Tactics)?
Ans. Using calculative brain power, an act that should make the surroundings in his/her favour if not make it favourable by force is the function of Thanthram. The final goal of the Thanthrik activities is to realize the Aathma (Aathma Sakshathkaram).
- What is Yanthram (Active Device)?
Ans. A body with life energy in it is a Yanthram, whereas, the same in limitless form is Brahmandam (Galaxy). This Brahmanda’s identical representation in smaller forms are Sri Chakram and Thrikona Chakra Yantras. Yantras will help in strengthening the confidence of a seeker.
- What is the purpose of Mantra (Hymn)?
Ans. Through the repeated chanting one should attain the purity of mind.
- How did the Aagamas came into existence?
Ans. Aagama is nothing but Thanthra Sastram. From Lord Siva’s 5 faces a total of 28 Aagamas were born. Out of these 28, 10 Aagamas belongs/referring to Lord Siva and 18 belongs to Rudra.
- What is Aagamam (Tamil Vedam)?
Ans. It is considered as the graceful teaching of Lord Siva (Siva Prasad). Those who read and follow will attain liberation (Mokha) by eradicating bondage from transmigration system.
- How many Smruthi Granthas exists?
Ans. More than 108 Smruthis were mentioned in the Vedic system. However, only 20 are very important and those 20 Smruthis consists Manusmruthi, Yagnavalkhyasmruthi and Ashtadasa Smruthi.
- According Hindus, what is the approximate age of this world?
Ans. According to Hindu the calculation method of history, it is estimating to the tune of 7 Kalpaas.
- What it consists in Sruthi and Smurthi?
Ans. Sruthi = Veda and Upanishads, Smruthi = Vedangam, Dharma Sasthram, Ithihasam, Puranam, Neethi Sasthram, Aachara Vyavaharaas.
- Aathma (Soul) has how many Paadhas (state)?
Ans. Four. 1. Jagradh, 2. Swapna, 3. Sushupthi, 4. Thureeyam.
- Where are the placement of these 108 Upanishad in our Vedas?
Ans. 10 Upanishads in Rig Veda, 32 in Krishna Yajurveda, 19 in Sukla Yajurveda, 16 in Samaveda, 31 in Atharvanaveda.
- How many Upanishad existed in the past?
Ans. 2000+, out of which only 108 Upanishads are now available.
- How did Upanishad get it’s the name?
Ans. With great reverence, one should sit close to his/her Guru and learn the doctrines of Sruti and Smruthi. Hence it is called Upanishad (Upa=close, Nishad=Sit down and hear).
- What is known as Prasthana Thrayam?
Ans. Three sacred authoritative books together called Prasthana (Authority) Thrayam (Three). It is based on the knowledge system to uplift the human race, (from ignorance to knowledge) created by our great sages (Mahathmaas) viz. Upanishads (Upadesa/Injuctive/Sruti Prasthana 1), Brahma Sutram (Nyaya or Yukti Prasthana 2) and Bhagavad Gita (Smruthi Prasthana 3).
- What is Sastram (Scripture)?
Ans. A prescribed knowledge/method that is given in the form of scripture as to what a human should do and what he/she should not do, such knowledge is Sastram.
- What is the definition of Vedam?
Ans. Whatever truth that cannot be proved or attained scientifically can be known through the subtle knowledge, that is Vedam.
- What is Vedathvam in Vedas (Thrust of Vedas)?
Ans. Purushartha siddhis (human pursuit) are not achievable nor measurable through scientific methods whereas the Vedas gives method to know that, this is the Vedathvam in Vedas.
- What is Atharvana Vedam (Knowledge to practice magic and control spirits)?
Ans. One of the most important Veda to safeguard as well as destroy human race from many odds. Important ritual practice consists of Santhikam, Paushtikam, Aabhicharam etc… to control and conquer Bhootha-Pretha (Evil Spirits) Bhadhas (Adverse effects) and give protection from natural calamities. It also promotes high-end devotion towards God. It has 9 Sakhas (Branches). Atharva Veda Mantras were composed by Angiras, Atharvan, Bhrughu Maharshi and the descenders of their clan. It has 760 Sookthaas and 6000 Mantras. Silpa Vedam (Sculpture) and Artha Sastram (Science of Economy) are the Upa Vedas of Atharvana Vedam. Day to day (Mundane life) lifestyle, government and society issues, economic development and political science all included in it. Sage Sumanthu took the responsibility to propagate Atharvana Vedam.
- What is Sama Vedam (Knowledge of Music)?
Ans. Praising/Chanting of God’s name through Vedic Music is the source of Sama Veda. Most of the Sama Veda Mantras are from Rig Veda in Music form. It consists exclusive 75 Mantras and 8 Brahmanaas. Chandogya and Kenopanishads are bi-product of Sama Veda. Gandharva Veda is the Upa Veda of Sama Vedam. It has 1000 Sakhas (Branches). It includes Kamasastra in it. Somasekharan and Bharathamuni are the Rishis for Gandharva Vedam. Veda Vyasa handed over the responsibility to propagate Sama Vedam to his disciple Jamadagni Maharshi.
- What is Yajur Vedam (Knowledge of Ritual/Sacrificial formulas)?
Ans. Yajur Veda gives importance to Yagna (Ritualistic Sacrifices on Agni). Yajur Vedam has two branches viz. Krishna and Sukla Yajurveda. Between 86 and 109+ branches (sakhas) are the most important ones. Krishna Yajurveda consists of 18,000 Mantras and 700 Anuvakas. Thaithareeya Upanishad is a bi-product of Yajur Vedam. Aswamedham, Agnishtomam and Raajasooyam Yagnas are conducted through Yajurveda Mantras. Sukla Yajurvedam consists of 1900 Mantras, 17 branches (sakhas), 40 Samhitha Chapters (Adhyaayas) and 190 Anuvakaas. Yagna Valkhyan is the Rishi for Yajurveda and Viswamitra Maharshi renewed it from corruption/loss. Dhanur Veda is the sub Veda (Upa Veda) of Yajur Vedam. At the beginning of Krutha Yuga Lord Siva had created this Dhanur Vedam. Sage Veda Vyaas gave this knowledge to Sage Vaisampayana Maharshi to propagate for future generations.
- What is Ayurvedam (Knowledge or Science of Life energy)?
Ans. Lord Brahma composed Ayurveda and Susrutha Maharshi narrated those compositions of 100,000 slokas into 1000 chapters and taught Aadi Prajapathi. Prajapathi taught this knowledge to Aswini Kumars and Aswini Kumars gave the knowledge to Devendra. From Devendra, Lord Dhanvanthari learned. Lord Dhanvathari brought Amruth (Necter or Medicine to cure illness) to this Universe. Lord Vishnu used Mohini Sakthi to share the Amrutha with Devas (Divine personalities). The inner meaning of this event is that those who live in discipline with a neat and tidy life (unlike Demons/Danavas/Asuras) will live forever. Basically, no illness will attack them to take away their precious life from the body! There is no point in serving the Amruth to unholy, below standard living creatures such as Demons, hence he avoided them. Wise beings always invest in wise personalities only, this is the nature of law.
- What is Rig (Hymn/Admiration) Vedam (Described True Knowledge)?
Ans. Rig/Ruk means Admiration of Creator and Knowledge and 1028 Sookthas allocated in 10 Mandalas (Zones). Total 85 Anuvakaas. More than 79 Devada’s Sookthas and their way of worships are narrated in this text. 60+ Chhandhas, 300+ Rishis composed their knowledge and experience into Slokas. Veda Vyaasa gave these entire knowledges to one of his disciple Sage Paula Rishi. Ayurveda is the Upa Veda (SubVersion) of Rig Veda.
- Where Vedas are installed (Prathishta) in human beings?
Ans. 1. At the heart of Brahmacharis, his tongue and in his words (Vaak)
- Which are the top most and ancient Granthas (Books) of Jyothi Sastras (Astrology)?
Ans. 1. Rigjyothisham, 2. Yajurjyothisham, 3. Adharvajyothisham.
- Who were the top most Astrologers (Jyothishis) of Bharat?
Ans. 1. Aaryabhattan, 2. Varahamiharan, 3. Brahmagupthan, 4. Bhaskaracharyar, 5. Kamalakaran.
- Which are the Six Sastras?
Ans. 1. Aagamas, 2. Thanthras, 3. Darsanaas, 4. Puraanas, 5. Ithihasas, 6. Smruthis.
- Who should be a Brahmanan (The Priest)?
Ans. Those who learned Vedas and teaching Vedas are the Brahmins. Brahmins should never give up learning and practising Vedas.
- What are the Upa Vedas (Sub Vedas)?
Ans. 1. Ayurveda (Life science – From Rig and Atharvana), 2. Dhanurveda (Archery – Yajur), 3. Ghaandarva-Veda (Music – Sama Veda), 4. Artha Sasthra (Economics – Atharvana Veda).
- What are the Parambharya Kramams one need to know before reading / reciting Vedas?
Ans. 1. Rishi of the Vedam, 2. Chhandhass, 3. Devatha, 4. Swara Niyamam (Rules for pronunciation).
- What are the important three divisions of Vedas?
Ans. 1. Karma Kaandam (Seeking or accumulating knowledge), 2. Upasana Kaandam (Practicing spiritual activities), 3. Ghyaana Kaandam (It provides the knowledge of Iha and Para – present and after death life, understanding the secrets of Jeevathma, Paramathma and Jagath, path to practice and achieve the goal of life).
- What are the three stages (Avastha) of Vedas?
Ans. 1. Sthoolam or Prakatanam (Veda Udharanam – Starting stage of knowledge collection in a prescribed manner), 2. Sookshmam or Antharleenam (In-depth stage), 3. Dilution or Asthamanam (Hidden stage).
- What are the other names of Vedas?
Ans. 1. Sruthi, 2. Nigamam, 3. Brahmam, 4. Aamnaayam, 5. Chhandhass, 6. Pravachanam, 7. Easwaran.
- What is Veda (Described True Knowledge)?
Ans. True knowledge. That is truly experienced the conscious voice of collective knowledge based on Dharma Sastras.
- What are the objectives of Smruthi, Puraan and Ithihaasas?
Ans. Even the absent-minded, low IQ and fewer memory people can easily grasp the essence of Vedas through Smuthi, Puraan and Ithihaas. It will convey Veda’s instructions through such lovely stories.
- What are the qualifications for learning Vedas?
Ans. 1. Sat Guru Upadesam (Guidance from an experienced and learned scholar), 2. Mana Sudhi (Clear Mind), 3. Anushtanam (Practicing Duties), 4. Thapass (Penance and Meditation).
- When is the best time to receive Vedanthopadesam (Initiation for learning Vedantham)?
Ans. The body before it gets afflicted with sin and material sensual pleasure, at the earliest age around 5 years old.
- What are the three approaches/remedies (Upaya) to attain Mokham?
Ans. 1. Nishkamya Karmam (Unattached actions), 2. Bhakti (Innocent Devotion), 3. Ghyaanam (True Knowledge).
- What is the core difference between Sushupthi and Moksh?
Ans. Human beings will be unconscious during Sushupthi Avastha (stage) whereas in the Mokha state they will be having full conscious.
- What is Sushupthi (Deep sleep)?
Ans. The Jeeva (Soul) has five states in that sequence Sushupthi is the 3rd state. This Sushupti is an example or model of Moksham (Liberated).
- Why everyone is looking forward to happiness?
Ans. Because the Aathma (Soul) is full of happiness and the Aathma is controlling the body.
- What is Kshethram and who is Kshethraghnan?
Ans. Easwari / Parasakthi is Kshethram (Temple) and Easwaran is Kshethraghnan (Resident owner of the temple).
- Where is the source of Viswa Praana Sakthi (Cosmic Energy)?
Ans. Soorya Mandal (Soorya Aathma Jagatha-stha-sthu-shascha!).
- Who is considered as real Bhagavadhotthaman (Supreme Devotee of God)?
Ans. A person who sees God in every being and every being is residing in God itself is a true Bhagavadhothaman.
- How different seekers referring to the power of God?
Ans. 1. Karma Nishtaas calls = Devatha, 2. Bhaktas (Devotees) calls = Bhagavan, 3. Ghnaanis calls = Brahmam (Absolute Infinite Power), 4. Yogis calls = Paramathma (Supreme Soul).
- What is the purpose of Maya (Unreality)?
Ans. The Maya is a subtle power of Easwara that cause for the Prakruthi to take its desired form in this Universe.
- Who is Easwara (God)?
Ans. This cosmic nature is equally mix of Prakruthi (Feminine Power) and Purusha (Masculine Power). In this cosmic world, Easwara is Sachidananda Swaroopan (Sath-Chith-Ananda = the face of absolute Brahman).
- What is Easwara’s Prakruthi Sakthis (Natural Powers of God)?
Ans. They are Eight powers viz. 1. Prithvi (Earth), 2. Jalam (Water), 3. Agni (Fire), 4. Vaayu (Air), 5. Aakasam (Space), 6. Manas (Mind), 7. Budhi (Brain), 8. Ahamkara (Pride or Self Awareness).
- What is being enquired by Darsanam and Vignaanam (Science)?
Ans. The cosmos is filled with Chethanas (Conscious) and Achethanas (Unconscious/lifeless/inanimate). They have the character of Sthoola (Visible Form/Outer) and Sookshma (Subtle Form/Inner). In this context, Darsanas are enquiring about Sookshma Bhavam, whereas Vignaana Bhavam is enquiring about Sthoola Bhavam.
- What is called Darsanam (Philosophy)?
Ans. A fact that is minutely analysed within self to come up with a model theory (Religious Treaties or Doctrine of Scripture) is a Darsan.
- What are the important Darsan’s of Hindu philosophy?
Ans. 6 Darsanaas. 1. Saankhya, 2. Yoga, 3. Vaiseshika, 4. Nyaaya, 5. Mimaamsa, 6. Vedantha Darsana.
- What are the subjects that Philosophers (Darsanikas) search on?
Ans. Their research is based on 1. Aathma (Soul), 2. Prapancham (Nature), 3. Easwaran (God/Creator).
- What are the four important symptoms of Dharma?
Ans. 1 and 2. A rule or a piece of advice that is prescribed in the Sruthi & Smruthi, 3. Wisemen who follow certain protocols, 4. An act that is highly rewardful to one’s own Aathma (Soul).
- From where Dharma will be born (Source of Dharma)?
Ans. It emerges from Sadhacharam.
- What is Duracharam (Bad Conduct)?
Ans. An act that encourages untruth (Asathya), unrighteous (Adharma) and unrest (Asaanthi) is Duracharam or Anacharam.
- What is Sadhacharam (Good Conduct)?
Ans. An act that promotes and synchronize with truth is Sadhacharam.
- What is actual knowledge?
Ans. Whatever we know through our brainpower is not true knowledge, but whatever we know through personal experience is actual knowledge.
- What is Karma (Action)?
Ans. A person tries to do Yagna (Efforts/service) or for the prosperity/welfare of every living being.
- What is Adhyathmam?
Ans. Intuition or the prescience of living beings on Brahman
- What are the components that make a Karma?
Ans. 1. Ichha (Desire to do), 2. Vichara (Consult and Analyse), 3. Pravruthi (Action).
- What is the biggest benefit of Raja Yogam (A mode of meditation)?
Ans. It unveils the inner and supernatural power of human beings
- What are the important Sadanaas of Ghnaana Maargam?
Ans. 1. Nithya-Anithya Vasthu Vivekam (Discrimination power between real and unreal), 2. Vairaghyam (Determination), 3. Mumukshuthwam achieved through Brahma Ghyan, capable of destroying samsara pasam (Liver of transmigration system).
- What are the important six wealth (Sambath) of a person?
Ans. Samam, Dhamam, Uparathi, Thitheeksha, Sradha and Samadhanam (details already explained in another context).
- What is Matham or Darsan (Religion)?
Ans. A system by which personal and permanent relationship created between eternal life energy (Jeevan) and eternal God is the real the Matham.
- What are the three obstacles that block the progress of spiritual life?
Ans. 1. Lyingiga Swabhavam (Desires for sexual pleasure), 2. Ahambhavam (Pride/Egoistic), 3. Sanghabhavam (Bad Company/Association).
- What are the Nava Vyuhams (Nine Transposition/Formation) of Para Sakthi?
Ans. 1. Kaalam (Time), 2. Kulam (Clan), 3. Naamam (Hymns), 4. Vidya (Knowledge), 5. Manas (Mind), 6. Naadam (Sound), 7. Bindu (Center), 8. Kala (Portion), 9. Jeevan (Life energy). This is also considered as nine properties of the divine mother Parasakthi.
- How many Pradakshinam (Circumference) to be performed for Gods?
Ans. Ganapathy = 1, Soorya = 2, Sivan = 3, Vishnu = 4, Sastha/Ayyappan = 5, Subramanian = 6, Baghavathi = 7, Aal/Peepal Tree = 7 and above (For Peepal tree only from morning till sun set).
- How one should salute (Vandan) the other?
Ans. All Vandan must be done by folding both hands together in Namasthe Mudra. 1. God = Folded hands must be raised above the head by stretching up to 12 Angulam, 2. Guru = Straight forehead, 3. Father and Kings = Straight lips, 4. Relatives and Friends = Straight chest, 5. Own Mother = Straight Abdomen.
- What is the real Karma Bhoomi (Land of Deeds)?
Ans. Samsara (Transmigration system/family life).
- Who is the real Ghnaani (Wise/One who possessing wisdom)?
Ans. An uninterrupted devoted individual who always sees God in everything, wish to hear only about God, talk only about God, see and experience only about God, such a person will be known as Adhwaithy and he will become God itself.
- Who all will fall in the web of Kaama (Lust)?
Ans. 11 members who will eventually fall in the web of Kaama.They are 8 types Deva Yoni births, 1 Manusha (Human) Yoni birth, 1 Pasu (Animal) Yoni birth, 1 Pakshi (Birds) Yoni birth.
- What are the important Karma Yogas?
Ans. They are Five. 1. All Aasrama Dharmas based on the Sastra Scriptures, 2. Yagnam (Havan and Sacrificing Lust and Desires), 3. Dhaanam (Charity), 4. Vrutham (Fasting), 5. Dharma Pracharam (Spreading or preaching virtues to others to follow).
- What are the important Yoga Maargas?
Ans. They are 4, 1. Karma Yogam, 2. Bakti Yogam, 3. Ghnaana Yogam, 4. Raaja Yogam. Please note all Yogas will have some influence of other Yoga within one Yogam.
- Who is Sadhakan / Sadhak (Seeker)?
Ans. A person who travels and lives in a Yoga Maargam (Path of Yoga) is Sadhakan. The Yoga maargam will identify the Self / Jeemathma in an individual to be united with the Supreme Self / Paramathma of the Cosmic world.
- What is Yogam (Divine Unity)?
Ans. There are many types of Yogam prescribed in the scriptures. Two important Yogams are popularly known to us are 1. A person’s life is nurtured or groomed as per the law of Dharmic activities will be tuned to unite with Paramathma (God) is called Yogam (Jeevathma uniting with Paramathma – both are consciously done), 2. An understanding that the human’s civilized life and its ultimate goal is to realize Paramasathya Praapthi (Uniting with absolute truth – Paramathma). To achieve this status, one must get ready and prepare himself/herself. This attempt is also known as Yogam (This is also one condition of Sadhana Chathushtayam).
- What is the Utsav Kalam (Celebration period) of Pithrus (Ancestors)?
Ans. 10 days period known as “Mahalaya” during the months of Kanya (Sep/Oct) and Kumba (Feb/Mar), Krishna Paksha Shashti to Amavasya (10 days).
- What is Sadhacharam (Good Conducts)?
Ans. Whatever activities conducted or followed by Wisemen/holy personalities by adhering righteous is Sadhacharam.
- Who is Pandithan (Pandit / Knower)?
Ans. Learning all scriptures religiously and become knowledgeable about Dharma (Virtues), Artha (Wealth), Kaama (Desires) and Moksha (Salvation/Liberation) is real Pandithan.
- What is called Purushartha Sidhi?
Ans. A person after achieving all the knowledge and experience systematically prescribed to each Aasrama (Brahmacharyam, Grihastha, Vanaprastha and Sanyasi) will realize the Aathma Thathwam, this is known as Purushartha Sidhi.
- What are the fundamental duties of Thri Varnis (3 sects out of 4)?
Ans. 1. Soodra Karma = Sevana Dharmam (Serving others), 2. Vaisya Karma = Agriculture, Protecting and Nurturing Animals, Business, 3. Kshatriya Karama = Sauryam (Strength), Tejas (Glowing body), Dhairyam (Brave), Samarthya (Smart), No running backwards from the war field, Dhaanam (Charity) and Prabhuthwam (Rich and Prosperous).
- What are the qualifications to be a Braahman (Priest sect)?
Ans. Those who possess or adhere and follow 7 important unavoidable principles/truth are Brahmins. Those qualities are 1. Sathyam (Truthfulness), 2. Dhaanam (Charity giving and accepting), 3. Kshama (Patience), 4. Sadhacharam (Virtuous/Good Conducts), 5. Santhi (Peaceful), 6. Thapass (Penance/Meditator), 7. Dhaya (Compassion).
- Who are the five personalities, that accept or receive satisfaction from Gruhasthaasramies?
Ans. 1. Rishis (Sages), 2. Pithrus (Ancestors), 3. Devathaas (Divine Personalities), 4. Bhoothaas (Five elements and other living beings), 5. Athidhis (Guests).
- Who are the real guests (Adhithis)?
Ans. They are 5 types of people viz. 1. Paropakaris (Broadminded / Assisting others without any expectations), 2. Vidhwaans (Learned persons), 3. Jithendriyas (Conquerer of sensual pleasures), 4. Dharmishtaas (Righteous people), 5. Vishaya Virakthaas (Desireless people). When one or all these people visit someone’s house without any pre-intimation, then they are called actual guests. Pre-booking visitors are not guests and they don’t get the status of “Athidhi Devo Bhava”.
- What is called Pithru Yagnam?
Ans. Unfortunately, in today’s world, the Pithru Yagnam is considered as a ritual for the dead person or relatives. It is a service to be given to all types of elderly people or the needy person while they are alive. Again, upon their death, remembering them and recalling their good quality works and contributions to the family and society etc… is considered as Pithru Yagnam. Also, on their behalf, some offerings are to be made to Veda Purushas, Mahatmas or Brahmins or poor people so that their Souls will get peace of mind. Do you know what is that peace of mind? The Soul will be happy by seeing the efforts and offerings made by his children to the needy on their behalf. This is the actual peace of mind for (RIP) the Soul.
- What is called Tharpan or Tharpanam?
Ans. Matha, Pitha, Pithamahan, Guru, Ancient Ghnaanis (Gnaana Vrudhaas) are considered to be Gurujanas (Respectable Personalities). Some offerings given to them through living persons which will make them happy and satisfy is called Tharpanam. Usually done by offering water, food and adorable items.
- What is the meaning of Sraardham (Obligations to Ancestors)?
Ans. A family member (bloodline relative) with greatest reverence, dedication and affection offers a service or food to his/her ancestors (Pithrus) on a specific day is called Sraardham. Sastras designated Veda Purushas or Mahatmas or Brahmins to accept these offerings on behalf of Pithrus.
- How living beings are born from the start of creation?
Ans. From Brahman the Vedas are born, from Vedas, Karmas and from Karma Yagnams are conducted, that cause the Rain and from Rain Annam (consumables) are generated. From the food, all beings are born by eating the same food. Food was kept ready by God before the living beings were born. Vedas says Annaha Jeevasya Kaaranam!
- What are the types of mainline Sanyaasis?
Ans. They are two types 1. Saadhakan, 2. Siddhan or Paramahamsa.
- How does a Sanyaasi realizing the Aathma Thathwam?
Ans. First, let us know the status of a Sanyasi. He/She is the most favourable person of God, in other words, he/she is known as Paramopasakan of Paramathma. It happens through a chronological sequence viz: From Moola Prakruthi Parasakthi the Sun gets his the required energy to run Soorya Lok along with other planets and stars etc., from Sun the rain clouds get formed and due to rain all Oushada-Sasyaadis (Plants) will sprout, and the plants produce consumable grains, leaf and fruits etc…, that will give birth to Praana along with Balam (Strength), Thapass (Meditation/Penance), Sradha (Concentration), Sathya-Jighnyaasa (Interest to know the real absolute truth), Bhudhi (Brain), Vichara Sakthi (Think and Discriminative power), Ghnaanam (Knowledge), Santhi (Peace), Chethana/Chith Sakthi (Consciousness), Smruthi (Memory), Poorvapara Ghnaanam (Knowledge of past) and finally Vighnaanam (Special scientific or Sastra Knowledge) which will eventually help the seeker to realize that the entire universe is part and the parcel of one Supreme Power (Paramathma). The Self (Aathma) and the Supreme Soul (Paramathma) are the same. This is called Aathma Sakshathkaram (Realization of Soul).
- What are the fundamental qualification for a Sanyasi (Renounced person)?
Ans. 3 conditions must be met and mastered. 1. Saadhana Sampoornatha (successful training on Sadhana Chathushtayam), 2. Vairagya (Determination), 3. Sankalpa Dhaardyam (Firm Resolution to attain Moksha or Realize Aathma).
- What is the age limits set for Brahmachayam for men and women?
Ans. For Men, the lowest period is up to the age of 24 and a maximum of 44 years, whereas for Women the lowest period is up to the age of 16 and a maximum of 24 years is recommended. Both need to undergo Brahmacharyaa-sramam only up to these years.
- What are the important Kaama Bhogam is practised in life?
Ans. 8 Types. 1. Either man or woman thinking about their opposite sex with an intention of quenching their sexual thirst, 2. Talking sensual issues, 3. Touching each other, 4. Intercourse, 5. Looking at each other for a long time, 6. Hugging each other, 7. Staying together exclusively, 8. Encountering or meeting privately.
- What are the Swaraas used for Sanskrit Mantras?
Ans. Mainly 4. They are 1. Anuthattham (lowering sound), 2. Uthattham (peaking sound), 3. Swaritham (turn up sound), 4. Prasyam (equal sound). These are practised during the chanting of a Mantra Sloka.
- Who is the mother of Aakasam (Space/Sky)?
Ans. According to Thaithareeya Upanishad “Aathma” is the mother of Aakash. It says “Aathmanaha Aakaasa Sambootha”.
- What is Punya (Holy) and Paapa (Sin) according to Neethi Sastram?
Ans. When you separate mind from the impurities and immorality it is called Punyam and when the mind is involved in impure, unethical and immoral activities that are called Paapam.
- When is the dawn period of Deva Lok (Divine world)?
Ans. When the Maarga Seersha Month (Dhanu/Maargazhi) begins, earth time between 4 and 6 am throughout the month is dawn (Usha Kaal) period in Deva Lok. I.e. the whole month of Dhanu is only 2 hours of Deva Lokam x 12 months makes one full day in Deva Lok.
- Who are the Samskaris (Cultured People)?
Ans. A person who mastered the right or true virtue after learning good conducts (Achaara Sudhi) thoroughly and systematically is a cultured person. This practice must be within (Manasikam) as well as casual (Naimithikam).
- What are the Shodasa Samskaras (16 Sacraments) of Hindu system?
Ans. Saints are very carefully selected 16 activities that can enhance and liberate the Soul from transmigration system. Some activities are particularly designed for the Aathma to experience the consequences so that it will achieve its Poornathwam (100% satisfaction) i.e. to come out of any leftover desire. I am specifically mentioning this sentence to avoid confusion because some activities that look like it is going to pull you back into transmigration system. Let us learn those Samskaras: 1. Gharbha Dhanam (Insemination/Fertilization), 2. Pumsavanam (Quickening of the fetus for a male child, so that the family tree will grow, however, nothing against the female child!) during the 2nd or 3rd month of pregnancy, 3. Seemanthonnayanam (parting the hair in two sides of the head of pregnant woman) conducted during the 4 to 6 months of pregnancy for the mental development of the baby, 4. Jathakarmam (welcoming the newborn child to the world by his father and say AUM/OM to the child’s ears, ideally it should be done before cutting the umbilical cord), 5. Namakaranam (Naming ceremony to be done on the 1st day or 101st day of birth), 6. Nishkramanam (Child coming out of the birth house between 3 and 4 months, usually the first visit should be going to Kula Devatha temple), 7. Annaprasanam (Intaking first grain food in 6th month, birth Thidhi day), 8. Choodakaranam (To be done in Utharayanam, Sukla Paksham, 3rd year – removing or replacing the bangles adorned by the child’s mother which was given to her during the Pumsavana-Seemanthonnayanam ceremony), another approach of the same function for the child is called Chowlam, that the parents will allow the child to keep its initial hair as tilt (Sikha) and remove rest of the hairs from the head, this itself looks like a crest or crown for the child, 9. Upanayanam (Wearing Yagnopaveetham/Sacred thread and getting Brahma Upadesam from Guru or father, to be conducted between the age of 5 and 12 years period), 10. Vedarambam (Learning Vedas under a competent Guru within 1 year from the Upanayanam day), 11. Samavarthanam (Attending the exam given by the Guru and finally return to parental house), 12. Vivaham (Getting married to a most eligible girl), 13. Gaarhapathyam (Maintaining Yagnaa-Agni, a sacred fire lighted on the day of marriage for Oupasana Havan), 14. Vanaprastha (Ascending towards the forest for solitudes and practice meditation after giving up family life, the wife can also follow husband, ideally after the age of 60+ / 3rd the face of 120 human life span or when he became a grand father), 15. Sanyaasam (Renunciation ceremony to liberate the Soul from transmigration), 16. Andhyeshti (Sareera Dhahanam / cremation of mortal remains if Jeevan Mukthi is attained then burial is allowed because of his/her DNA is needed in this earth to create more such noble people).
- How many Samskarams are established in Bharat (India)?
Ans. From the Vedic period till now, there are important 16 Samskaras (Shodasa Samskarams) being practised in Bharat. These Samskaras practised to enhance the purpose of life and achieve the goal, which is nothing but Moksham (Liberation). According to Sastras, there are 43 Hindu Samskaras.
- What is Samskaram (Good Culture)?
Ans. According to Rig Veda, the conduct that removes the Adharma caused by impurity and sin is called Sreshta Samskaram. In other words, Paapa and Dosha (Sin and Impurity) are the products of Adharma (Unrighteousness).
- What is the meaning or gist of Dharma?
Ans. A celestial truth that gives shelter to the universe and conduct its routine work carefully is the Dharma.
- What are the important Sanathana Dharmas (Immortal truth/righteous)?
Ans. 17 superior qualities that make a person perfect in all respects. They are Sathyam (Truth), Samathwam (Equality), SwAthanthyram (Freedom), Neethi (Justice), Vidhya (Knowledge), Sneham (Love), Sahavarthithwam (Live together), Thyaagam (Sacrifice), Dhaanam (Charity), Dhaya (Compassion), Sama-Dhama, Veeryam (Vital Power), Dhairyam (Brave), Kshama (Patience), Sudhi (Purity), Bhakti (Devotion), Aykhyam (Unity/United).
- What is actual education?
Ans. Achieving Chaarithra Sudhi (Good Conduct).
- What are the important Dharmas (Righteous) that consists Sanathana Dharma?
Ans. 8 Dharmas viz. 1. Sathya Dharma, 2. Vaidheeka Dharma, 3. Vedantha Dharma, 4. Aarsha Dharma, 5. Manava Dharma, 6. Aarya Dharma, 7. Bharatha Dharma, 8. Hindu Dharma.
- What is the core duty of Hindu Dharma?
Ans. It is a lifestyle concept-based on Dharma Neethi (Righteous Principles) to extend helping hands towards all living beings irrespective of their religion, caste and creed.
- Who created Hindu Religion and their holy books?
Ans. Religion = Known as Sanathana Dharma (Sanathana Dharma was originated from Sri Chakram of Moola Prakruthi Parasakthi. Actually, Sanatana Dharma is not a religion, it is a civilized way of life), Sthaapakan = Sachidhananda Swaroopa Easwaran, Grantham/Holy Books = Vedas the reservoir or storehouse of true knowledge and science.
- What is real Matham (Religion)?
Ans. Upliftment or enlightenment of the Soul is actual Matham. In other words, due to the reward of sacred and devoted Karma that prompts the Soul (or a person) to become absolutely pure or mature or awaken. Unless this real change did not happen in a person, he/she is not a religious person at all. This is the conclusion of Sastras.
- What is Matham (Religion) means?
Ans. The root word “Math” is the cause for Matham (Religion) in other words “Believed or Regarded as” stands for Matham. It is also a state of the brain or it is an opinion of certain people.
- When did the Christianity and Islam came into existence?
Ans. 2550 years (as on 2019) before, after the Bhudha period, it came into existence. Both are depending on an individual’s proclamation.
- Who is true Hindu or who could qualify to say I am a Hindu?
Ans. 1. A person must take birth in Bharatha Desam, 2. He/She should have a basic understanding of Sanathana Dharma Sastras and Adhyathmic Darsanas (Vision and Philosophy of divinity and spiritual practices), 3. He/She should accept and practice these Sastras and Darsanas is his/her own Swadharma either partially or full, 4. Must consider and respect that the Bharatha Bhoomi is his/her own motherland (Mathru Bhoomi) as well as the holy land (Punya Bhoomi) in this Earth.
Another option: A person who punish appropriately to those who try to destroy Sanathana Dharmas also called Hindu.
- Who is the real Sanyasi (Renouncer)?
Ans. A person with a firm conviction that no one is there other than self is real sanyasi. Especially a true understanding that no mother, father, wealth, money, relatives, friends, brothers, sisters and properties etc to me!
- How does one become Agnaani (Ignorant from true knowledge)?
Ans. There are six robbers always roaming around everyone called “Shad Vairies” to grab the true knowledge from us. Be careful to protect and sustain true knowledge. Only the mind, buddhi and soul knows these true knowledge.
- What causes the Karma Bhandham (duty bindings)?
Ans. Mainly desire (Aasa) that generates new work/actions, such actions will reward merit or demerit which will push the Soul to take repeated births and deaths. Finding the other end is quite difficult. This is called transmigration system. Most of the Bharata Rishis have done their research to put a full stop to this process besides giving their vision and conclusion on other science subjects.
- What is the main obstacle that stops achieving Moksham (Liberation)?
Ans. Transmigration that promotes birth and ageing of life.
- What is even more important than Praan (Life)?
Ans. Kuladharmam (duties of own race/family) and Sajjana Samsargam (the company of wise men).
- What should be acquired by human beings for a great life?
Ans. 4 divine assets – 1. Vidhya (Knowledge), 2. Balam (Strength), 3. Sathkeerthi (Good popularity) and 4. Punyam (Holy credits/rewards).
- What is the important Theertham (Sacred or Ascetic Water) in life?
Ans. The water that can wash and clean the impurities of Mind is the number one sacred water.
- What is the life goal of Hindu?
Ans. Realizing, Interacting, Seeing and becoming God itself. In other words, merging with God to become full and perfect. Until this happens, he or she is imperfect.
- Who are the children and wife of Agni Devan (God of Fire)?
- How did Adi Sankara created or formed the Adhvaitha Matham (Philosophy)?
Ans. Based on Uthara Meemaamsa – Jgnaana Kandam – Upanishads. They revealed its core principles of absolute truth. This is the basis for Adhvaitha Philosophy.
- When is Pasu i.e. Jeeva/Soul (casual living being just like an animal) becoming Human being?
Ans. Only due to sheer discrimination (Vivekam) and thinking (Chintha) practice and Soul get elevated to Human being.
1050. What is the Shad Rasam (6 Tastes)?
Ans. 1. Madhuram (Sweet), 2. Amlam (Sour), 3. Katu (Spicy), 4. Lavanam (Salty), 5. Kashayam (Astringent), 6. Thiktham (Pungent/Bitter).
1049. What is the power of Maya uses when it is active?
Ans. It used 2 types of powers called Aavarana Sakthi (Power of Illusion) and Vikshepasakthi (Projecting Power).
1048. Who will be able to understand or experience the Para Thathwam (Ultimate absolute state)?
Ans. Only Yogeeswaras will be able to realize this truth. The reason for that, the practitioner’s (seeker) mind must be subtle so that the God will initiate his/her Brain to realize this truth and enjoy the state.
1047. What is the transformation that takes place from Pralaya to Srushti (Dissolution to Creation)?
Ans. 7 Activities take place viz. 1. Pralayam (The entire Earth is enveloped by Water), 2. Ghaneebhootham (Just stationary position – unclear about creation), 3. Vichikeershaa (Paramathma has decided to start the creation), 4.Avyaktham (Creation just started), 5. Kaarana Bindhu start evolving (The Ghaneebhootham will union with Karmas), 6.Sabdha Brahman will emerge, 7. Kaarya Bindhu (Param) will be born along with Naadham (Sooksham) and Bheejam (Sthoolam), again Kaarya Bindhu will further split to give shape for – Chithroopam, Naadham will produce Chith and Achithroopam finally the Bheejam will produce Achithroopam.
1046. What is Para Avastha (It is a state of indescribable joy)?
Ans. The ever pervading Sabdha Brahman (Sound of Cosmic Form) will enter the Mooladhara Chakram as per the wish of Jeevan (Soul/Aathma) and start pulsating, this state is called Para.
1045. How to identify the divine bliss in a person (Dhaiva Lakshanam)?
Ans. Such a person will have abundant spiritual power to shower his/her grace on the devotees and his/her divine power will never ever vanish from him/her.
1044. Where is Sri Mahalakshmi presence felt (resides) permanently on Earth?
Ans. 5 Places – 1. Inside Lotus Flower (Kamala Pushpam), 2. Rare side of Bilva Pathram, 3. Seemantha Rekha of Sumangali (Upper forehead), 4. Rare side of Cow, 5. The forehead of the Elephant.
1043. What are the Avathaar (appearance) of Sri Maha Ganapathy in different Yugas?
Ans. 1. Kritha Yugam = Vinayakan having the colour of the fire with 10 hands seated in Lion Vaahan (Simha Vaahanan), 2. Thretha Yugam = Mayooresan having the colour of White colour with 6 hands seated in Peacock Vaahan, Dwapara Yugam = Gajaanan having Red colour body with 4 hands seated in Mooshika (Mouse) Vaahan, 4. Kali Yugam = Dhooma Kethu having the colour of smoke (Grey colour) with 2 hands seated in Aswa (Horse) Vaahan.
1042. Who are the Devathas/Moorthies to be worshipped by all?
Ans. They are called Panchaayana Pooja (5 Gods). These deities are 1. Sivan, 2. Sakthi, 3. Maha Vishnu, 4. Ganapathy and 5. Sooryan.
1041. What are the Thaapathrayaagni Dukham (3 types of inevitable sorrows)?
Ans. Humans are always surrounded by Sorrows and Happiness. Usually Sorrows are more than Happiness. Let us learn Sorrows. 1. Adhyaathmikam (comes from Sareerikam (Mortal Body) and Maanasikam (Mind), 2. Aadhi-Bhauthikam (comes from Fire, Water, Air, Earth), 3. Aadi Dhaiveekam (comes from a thunder storm, snake bite, unexpected natural calamities).
1040. What are the 18 Maha Vidhyaas recommended by Dharma Thathwam?
Ans. 4 Vedas (Rig, Yajur, Sama, Atharvana), 4 Upa-Vedas (Dhanur, Aayur, Ghaandharv, Artha), 6 Veda-Angaas (Siksha, Kalpam, Vyaakaranam, Niruktham, Chhandhas, Jyothisham), 4 Saastras (Mimaamsa, Nyaayam, Dharma, Puranam) = Total 18 Maha Vidhyaas.
1039. How many types of Agnaanam (Ignorance) exists?
Ans. 5 types 1. Agnaanam, 2. Swaartham, 3. Ichha, 4. Krodham, 5. Athyaasakthi.
1038. What are the bindings in the Aadhyaathmic life (Spiritual Life)?
Ans. Most important ones are three. 1. Maya, 2. Thrigunas, 3. Karmam and its dirivaties.
1037. Which is the Divya Gruhas (Divine Palaces) created by Viswa Karma (Architect of Devas)?
Ans. 10 palaces. 1. Druva Dhanyam, 2. Jayam, 3. Kaantham, 4. Vipula, 5. Vijaya, 6. Sumukh, 7. Vimalam, 8. Nandham, 9. Nidhanam, 10. Manorama.
1036. What are the natural transformation (Vikaras) that takes place in Nature gradually?
Ans. It is called Shad Vikaraas (6 transformations) = 1. Creation, 2. Sustain, 3. Grow, 4. Change takes place, 5. Get matured and depreciated, 6. Get destroyed. If there is a life on the earth this process will continue.
1035. What is Sareeram (Mortal Body)?
Ans. The Sareem consists of 36 fundamental principles of the universe, starts from Prithvi till Siva according to Saaktha Sidhaanth. Whereas, according to Saankhya Sidhaanth it consists only 24+1 = 25 elements. This was discussed between Kapila Maharshi and Devahoothi, of course, Parasakthi’s message supersedes all other conclusions including Vedas.
1034. Who is Jeevan (Soul who has lived and conscious)?
Ans. The force that resides inside the body (in fact the body is clinched to Aathma – like a baby monkey holding on to its mother) and undergoes happiness and sorrows or comfort and discomfort is Jeevan. You can also call it “Witnessing”.
1033. Who is Bhoothaathma?
Ans. Those who does Karma i.e. activities. To do Karma you need a body (Bhootham) and to function the body you need Aathma (Soul).
1032. Who is Kshethragnan (Lord of the mortal body)?
Ans. The Lord who compel those Souls who wear the mortal body is Kshethragnan.
1031. Who are the Adhishtaana Devathas of Vedas (Core Fundamental Deities)?
Ans. Rig Vedam = Sudha Vidhya Devi and her subordinate deities, Yajur Vedam = Saundarya Vidhya Devi and her subordinate deities, Sama Vedam = Thureeyaamba Devi and her subordinate deities, Atharvana Vedam = LopamudraDevi and her subordinate deities.
1030. Chinthamani Graham (Home of Parasakthi) four doors/gateways are made up of what?
Ans. It has four doors to enter the inner chamber, each door represents each Vedas. Through these Vedas, one can understand or realize Moola Prakruthi Parasakthi.
1029. What are the significance of Quarters (Dik) and Vedas (Knowledge)?
Ans. East (Poorvam) represent Rigvedam, South (Dhakshinam) represent Yajurvedam, North (Utharam) representSaamavedam, West (Paschimam) represent Atharvanavedam.
1028. What is the name of Kama’s Five Flower Arrows (Pancha Pushpa Bhaan)?
Ans. 1. Aravindham, 2. Asokam, 3. Chootham, 4. Ninolpalam, 5. Navamalika.
1027. Who will be able to or who are eligible to see God’s Viswaroopa Darsan (Cosmic Form)?
Ans. Those who do these Five activities will be able to see, they are 1. Does everything for the sake of God, 2. Those who got convinced that the aim of life is to see God in person, 3. Those who live as a devotee of God, 4. Those who live detached from the material life and practice Thyaagam (Sacrifice), 5. Those who will not see anyone as his/her enemy.
1026. What can you call it Bhakti (Devotion)?
Ans. It is measured under 2 aspects viz. 1. Sheer love towards God is devotion, 2. Seeing oneself in Aathma (Soul) is also Bakti.
1025. What is Agasthya Maharshi’s opinion about different types of Woman?
Ans. He classifieds them into 4 groups. 1. Pathmini (Other men adore them with great respects), 2. Chithrini (She will attract and disturb other men’s mind), 3. Sankhini (She cannot control her desires for sensual pleasure activities), 4.Hasthini (She will be a favourite of men who would like to eat tasty food lavishly). Dear Mothers and Sisters No offence, please!
1024. Who are the assumed parents of Brahmandam (Cosmos/Universe)?
Ans. 3 Mothers = Swargam (Paradise), Aakasam (Space) and Bhoomi (Earth),
3 Fathers = Sooryan (Sun), Vaayu (Air) and Agni (Fire).
1023. How did God create this world (inhabitable) for us?
Ans. Created out of a collection of Seven Unique Thread Elements, they are 1. Vaayu (Air), Jeeva (Life), Bhoomi (Earth), Jalam (Water), Oorjam (Energy), Manas (Mind) and Aakasam (Space).
1022. What is Earth in the view of God?
Ans. It is a consolidation of 3 objects such as Sun (visible body), Air (subtle body) and Blood (visible body). The Lifespan (Ayuss) is considered as Vaayu (Breathing Air), Blood is Water and Life (Soul) is Soorya (Sun).
1021. What are the Seven Angles of Sun’s Chariot?
Ans. Though Sun’s Chariot is having only one wheel, yet it has 7 angles to make this solo wheel to rotate. They are known as 1. Ayanam (6 months each), 2. Rithu (2 months each), 3. Maasa (1 each x 12), 4. Paksha (14 days x 24), 5.Dina (365 each), 6. Rathri (365 each), 7. Muhurta (48 Minutes each).
1020. Who is healthy person?
Ans. Whoever’s body contains an appropriate amount of Dhaathu (Minerals), Vaatham (Air Movements), Pitham (Bile) and Khapham (Phlem) is the healthy person.
1019. What is the major difference between Easwara and Sadhasiva?
Ans. Easwara creates a relationship and binds the Jeeva in the cosmic world, whereas, Sadasiva liberate the Jeeva from all bindings.
1018. What is the difference or speciality between Jeeva (Individual Life) and Easwara (Gross Life/God)?
Ans. Jeeva is the consciousness and effects of Antha Karanas (Manas, Buddhi, Chhitham and Ahamkaram), whereasEaswara is the super consciousness and effects of the Prapancha (manifested cosmically world).
1017. What is the status of Avidhya (Ignorance) during Sushupthi Avastha (Deep Sleep state)?
Ans. 3 Avasthas are recognized. 1. Agnatha (Did not know anything), 2. Swaartham (I just slept, I don’t know how), 3.Saukhyam (I slept well without any disturbance). Sushuptha Avastha is considered as Avidhya state and Jagrath Avastha is Vidhya state.
1016. What is the Dharmic way of life recommended and followed by Bharatheeyan (Sanathani)?
Ans. Dharma Saasthram recommends 4 simple methods. 1. To live comfortably during the Rainy seasons of 4 months, one should work hard during the Summer seasons of 8 months to earn and save. 2. To live comfortably during Night one must work hard during day time, 3. To live comfortably during the old age period, one must work intelligently to save wealth, 4. To get a better life in the next birth, one must do lots of good karmas (holy deeds) and earn Punya (holy credits). In today’s modern world the same rules are applicable with a twist according to circumstance, however, the core principle of lifestyle cannot change.
1015. How to control mind according to Lord Sri Krishna?
Ans. 2 ways. 1. Abhyaasa Margam (Through practice), 2. Vairaagya Margam (Through determination).
1014. What is Chathurmaasyam (Auspicious 4 months period)?
Ans. This is a religious vow or practice followed by the Sanyaasis (Renounced) and Mada-adipathis. In fact, everyone can follow this system, nowadays only it is left with Sanyaasis. This is a 4 months period of vow starts from Ashada/Katakam Maasam Sukla Paksha (Lunar period) Eakadasi (11th Day) and ends on Krithika/Vruschika Maasam Sukla Paksha Eakadasi.
1013. What consists Chathurdasi Vidya (14 pieces of knowledge)?
Ans. One who study and become master of 4 Vedas (Reg-Yaju-Sama-Atharvana), 6 Vedangaas (Siksha-Vyakarana-Kalpam Niruktham-Chhandhas-Jyothisham), 1 Dharma Saasthram, 1 Purana, 1 Meemaamsa Saasthram, 1 Tharka Saasthram.
1012. What are the systems followed by Mahathmaas (Great Divine Persons) for having their food?
Ans. They practised 3 approaches viz. 1. Unchavruthi (Gleaner) – Collecting grains from forests and houses then cook and eat, 2. Kapodhavruthi (Pigeon style) – Nothing to keep for next time food, as and when needed go and gather a limited amount of food and consume, 3. Ajagalavruthi (Python Snake style) – He does not go and ask for food, if it comes to him he will eat or starve.
1011. When is the right time to study Vedas at Gurukulam (Vedic School)?
Ans. Veda Aramba (Starting) is called “Adhyayopa Karma” and the concluding is called “Adhyaayothsarjam”. Disciples study Vedas during Sraavana/Simha Maasam till Pushyam/Makara Maasam (English Sign: 6 months between Aug 15thand Jan 15th). Disciples take break/holidays between Pushya/Makaram Masam through Aashada/Kataka Maasam(English Sign: 6 months between Jan 16th and Jul 15th). Another approach is during Utharayanam stop studying Vedas and Re-start from Dhakshinaayanam of six months. Starting and ending will happen only on Poornima Day.
1010. How to overcome Thamo Gunam (Ignorance/Illusions/Darkness)?
Ans. By involving in Sathsangam (the company of wise men), Purana-Paraayana Sravanam (Listening to divine stories and read holy books), Sathmaarga Chintha (Always thinking about truth and good conducts).
1009. Why should you do Sandhya Vandanam during the cusps (Sandhya)?
Ans. According to Nature, Prabhadham (Dawn time) is filled with Sathwa Gunam, Madhyahnikam (Peaknoon time) is filled with Rajo Gunam and Sayaahnam (Dusk time) are filled with Thamo Gunam. Such cusps produce a certain amount of respective energies. When humans pray at these time band they can absorb the good qualities from nature which can protect and enhance their overall life in terms of health and wealth.
1008. Which is the most important Karma among Nithya Karma?
Ans. Sandhya Vandanam and Upasana Pooja.
1007. What are the three types Karmas (Acts) referred by Sastra (Holy Command)?
Ans. 3 types. 1. Naimithika Karma (An act out of circumstances/out of no choice), 2. Kaamya Karma (An act to fulfil the desires), 3. Nithya Karma (Act of basic routine duties to upkeep the status of current life…ignoring this will push the life to degrade).
1006. What is the core principle of Gayathri Mantra?
Ans. There is an inner link created to connect three important aspects of Spiritual elements such as 1. Paraathpara Thathwam (Concept of Absoluteness), 2. Paramathma (Absolute Brahman/Supreme Creator), 3. Prachodhanam (The Relationship that instigates both Parathparathathwam and Paramathma).
1005. What was the basic system followed in creating Valmiki Ramanaya Kaavyam?
Ans. Sage Valmiki Maharshi used the 24 syllables of Savithri Gayathri Mantra to create 24,000 slokas of his Ramayana Kavyam.
1004. What is the meaning of Savithri Gayathri Manthram?
Ans. Whoever the Supreme Brahman who created the Earth-Space and Paradise and the sole owner of the entire universe, whose acts are praisable as well as adorable, I meditate and pray upon that Supreme Consciousness to channel my brain and thoughts towards noble acts.
1003. What are the forms of Pranava Manthram?
Ans. They are two types 1. Varnaathmakam = The union of A-U-M (Sagunam), 2. Sabdhaathmakam = When it produces the sound of AUM as OM… (Nirgunam).
1002. What is the meaning of Vyaahruthi?
Ans. It has two meanings. 1. The holy sound that produced by the Brahmins/Dwijas during the Sandhya Vandana Time (Cusp) is known as Vyaahruthi, 2. During the time of meditation, the meditator brings in all the good qualities from the four corners and the entire universe into his/her heart and resolute that I am part of this Vaudaiva Kutumbam (Cosmic Family), this conviction is also known as Vyaahruthi.
1001. What is the divine meaning of Bhur-Bhuva-Swah?
Ans. Bhur=Sath, Bhuva=Chith, Swah=Anandham