Parasakthi Family

SANATHANA / HINDU DHARMA THATHWAS – WISE KNOWLEDGE – PART 3 (1001-1500)

Om Namasivaya Nama:

PART – 3 (1001-1500)

Om Sarvam Khalvithamevaham Naanyathasthi Sanathanam!
(Nothing permanent in this universe/life except me! The Almighty Sivasakthi)
 
Dear Seeker,
 
I would like to update this Chapter slowly and steadily at-least 3 principles in a week. Therefore, please try to open this Chapter quite often to get updated information:
 
Please note some of the contents quoted in this chapter may vary compare with other authors’ publications due to a different source of information from various books of Sanatana Dharma Sastras. I have taken careful attention to minimizing contradictions and errors. I have used maximum Sanskrit words that more or less matching the English words.
 
God Bless You…
 
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LET US LEARN AS QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS METHOD
  1.   What is Ashtama Sidhi?

Ans. It is the characteristics of God, they are 8 types viz. Anima, Mahima, Lagima, Garima, Prapthi, Prakamyam, Easithwam and Vasithwam.


  1. Why celestial bodies (Devas) are not appearing in front of humans?

Ans. According to Vedas, Devas does not like to appear in front of anyone. They would like to hide and watch the events. However, whoever worship them will be blessed by them.


  1. SamagAnam, how many types?

Ans. 2 types – 1. SAreeram, 2. GAndharvam.


  1. How many types of musical instruments referred to in the music world?

Ans. 4 types, 1. Thatham, 2. Aanadham/Avanadham, 3. Ghanam, 4. Sushiram.


  1. How many years Kind Dasaratha lived?

Ans. 60,000 years! (He was not an ordinary man, he had mystic power to extend his life and ascend to different worlds).


  1. What are the four important medicines used in humans, especially during wartime?

Ans. 1. Visalyakarani (by applying this, the wound will have vanished), 2. Santhanakarani (by applying this, broken bones will be reunited quickly), 3. Mruthasanjeevani (by applying this, a dead person can be brought back to life), 4. Somalatha (by applying this, it increases the life span of the person).


  1. How old is Rig Vedam?

Ans. Based on Veda Sastras, it is estimated to be BC 8000+ years before.


  1. What is the purpose of human life?

Ans. Seeking or seeing or realizing non-duality from the diversified dualities.   


  1. How many mArgAs (Paths) are prescribed to achieve Ghnaana Prapthi (knowing the eternal truth)?

Ans. 14 Maargaas (paths). Among these 14 Paths, Vedas are important and Gayathri Upasana is even more important.


  1. What is the inner meaning of Siva-Sakthi Aiykyam?

Ans. All-natural dualities of Jeeva (Soul) will merge in the non-duality of Siva, Sankalpam is called Siva-Sakthi Aiykyam.


  1. What is the primary difference in the teeth of Vegetable and Meat eaters?

Ans. Meat (Non-Vegetarians) eaters’ teeth will be sharp and vegetable eaters flat.  


  1. How did the Poojas (Idol Worships) got established in our life?

Ans. The Yagnas prescribed in the Vedas got transformed into Pooja in recent eras. Manasa Pooja is the best among all types of Pooja.


  1. Why Yaga/Yagnaas were created?

Ans. All Yaga/Yagnaas was created to gain some benefits based on either Deva Rahasyam (on account of celestial bodies) or nature.


  1. How many rays of Sun makes rain clouds?

Ans. Although Sun emits innumerable rays to earth, only 400 causes the rain.


  1. At first who conducted the Yagnas – Devas or Asuras?

Ans. First Asuras conducted the Yagnas, thereafter, Devas learned from them and enhanced it to achieve bigger rewards.


  1. Who is the first parents of 4 types of living beings in this Universe?

Ans. 4 living beings were created by Kasyapa Rishi through his different wives. 1. Dhithi – Kasyapa = Asuras (Monsters), 2. Adhidhi – Kasyapa = Devas (Divines), 3. Dhanu – Kasyapa = Dhaanavas (Demons), 4. Manu – Kasyapa = Manujas (Humans).


  1. How and why Havis (especially cooked rice) is offered in the Yagam (Sacrifice)?

Ans. In the initial period (primitive stage) Yagnis used to sacrifice humans (only male) as a sacrificial offering. When they did that a Medhas (excessive fat of the body) came up and entered into a horse (Aswam) body and when they offered a horse in the sacrifice again the Medhas came out and entered into Cow and from Cow to Sheep to Black Goat to Earth. When it entered the earth, the Medhas came out as Seeds. The intelligent divine personalities (Devas) collected those seeds and cooked the seeds as Havis (also known as Purodasyam) and offered back into the sacrificial fire and it got settled over there. Hereafter, everyone started offering Havis into the sacrificial fire to please Devas to receive their blessings.


  1. Who are the Queens (Raaghni) of a King?

Ans. Four members. 1. Pattarani, 2. Ishtarani (Vallabha), 3. Sedi (Avallabha), 4. Dhoothaputhri (DhAsi).


  1. Which is the most popular Yagam referred in Vedas?

Ans. Aswamedha Yagam.


  1. How many types of meanings exist in a mantra?

Ans. 6 types. 1. BhavArtham, 2. SampradhayArtham, 3. GarbhArtham, 4. NigarbhArtham or KaulArtham, 5. Sarva RahasyArtham, 6. Maha ThathwArtham.


  1. Why people worshipped God in many forms?

Ans. The Supreme Being is Nirgunan and formless, yet it is difficult for the normal people to accept that fact since their mind (Manas) is created out of Thrigunam, (Sathwa-Rajas-Thamas), therefore, it is natural to practice duality.  However, this can be rectified with punishable strict rules and regulation just like how Islam and Christianity implementing. “The question is who will bell the cat?” During the pre-Vedic and Vedic period, there was only formless worship existed among Sanathanis (Hindus) and the mode of worship was mainly meditation and yagnam only.


  1. Why do you need to put collyrium (Rasanjanam/Kan-Mai/Mashi) on the eyes?

Ans. Ever since Vruthrasura (Demon Vruthra) was killed, devas created collyrium from his eyeballs, which has the power to destroy the bad eye of enemies as well as create trouble in their life. It is a kind of self-defence or protection.


  1. What is Navaneetham (Butter)?

Ans. According to Vedam, a substance between milk and ghee is Navaneetham. This indicates that during the Vedic period itself people were familiar with milk and its derived products.


  1. How many types of Soma Yagam exists?

Ans. 6 types. 1. Agnishtomam, 2. Adhya-Agnishtomam, 3. Uktheeyam, 4. Shodasi, 5. Atirathram, 6. AaputthoryAmam.


  1. What is Soma Yagam?

Ans. There is a plant called “Somam”, the Yagnis would pluck these leaves and crush to take out the juice and offer it to Devas (Celestial personalities) through the fire ritual is called Soma Yagam. There are lots of procedure to conduct this Yagnam (Sacrifice).


  1. How to purity the water (Jalam)?

Ans. With the help of Mantras.


  1. How to purify the Ghee which is used for Yagnam?

Ans. With own eyes. When the Kartha (Doer) looks at the Ghee, it gets purified to perform Yagnam, even for internal consumption.


  1. Who is the King of Pithrus (Ancestral)?

Ans. Yamadharma Rajan.


  1. Why one must consume milk and curd according to Vedas?

Ans. Milk will enhance the power of Indriyas (sensual enhancement) and Curd will increase happiness or pleasure in us. Therefore, Vedas recommending that humans must consume these with a spiritual touch in it.


  1. What is Artha Vaadham (Debate)?

Ans. By saying a story from the Puram, the narrator takes up a Dharmic (virtues) point from the same story and debates on that subject to enlighten those values in us. In other words, if we too follow as per the story narration then our life too will find success and happiness.   


  1. What are the 5 important Yagnas (efforts or activities) one must avoid in this Kali Yug according to Vedas?

Ans. 1. Agnihothram (only a few things in the overall system), 2. No Pasu hathya (not to kill or sacrifice any type of animals) in any kind of Yagam, 3. Sanyasam (Renounce), 4. Not to mix the meat in the Pithru Srardham (rituals to ancestors), 5. Not to do garbhadhanam (make pregnant or marry) in niece or relatives.


  1. How can a Brahman repay his inherited debts?

Ans. By birth, a Brahmin is incurring 3 inherited debts belonging to Rishis, Devas and Pithrus respectively. By observing Brahmacharyam he repays the debts of Rishis, by doing Yagnam he repays the debts of Devas and finally by giving birth to children he repays the debts of Pithrus.


  1. Who are eligible to conduct Yagnas?

Ans. Brahmins, Kshatriyas and Vaisyas (Thrivarnis).


  1. Why Sudraas (low caste person) are not allowed to conduct Yagnas?

Ans. Sudras does not commit sin or wrongdoings, moreover, they are pure at heart, therefore, nothing to gain from doing Yag/Yagnas to ascend themselves to Swarga (Paradise). 


  1. Vedas are composed in which form?

Ans. Rigvedam – Padhyaroopa (Verses/Poems), Yajurvedam – Gadhyaroopa (Prose), Samavedam – Ganaroopa (Songs) and Atharvanavedam – No specific form yet mostly Padhyaroopa.


  1. What is Vedoktha Dharma (certified virtues of Vedas)?

Ans. Doing Yagam (offering/sacrifice). This is a virtual Yagam participated by the individual Vedas viz., Rigvedam represents as Hotha (Kartha/Doer), Yajurvedam represents as Athvaryu (The priest), Samavedam represents as Uthgatha (one of the chief priests who chants the hymns), Atharvavedam represents as Brahma (creator himself). 


  1. Why Vedas were created by Maharshis?

Ans. Veda means collective true knowledge which was invoked by great Maharishis from the ether world through deep meditation. The Supreme Being and its power is not easily visible or imaginable nor understandable. Therefore, great Rishis dedicated their precious life to understand and identify at-least some portion of Paramathma. So, basically to understand Supreme being they have created Vedas.


  1. Why all created beings are considered as Uchishtam (left-over food) for Paramathma (Seshan)?

Ans. Because during the Pralayam (dissolution time) period, all the created beings will be submerged in the water, therefore for Easwaran (Paramathma) everything is Uchistam only.


  1. Who is the founder/establisher of Brahma Samaj?

Ans. Sri. Rajaram Mohan Roy. Following the path of Vedantam and its Knowledge.


  1. Who is the founder/establisher of Arya Samaj?

Ans. Sri Dayananda Saraswathy. The core principle of Arya Samaj is to follow the path of Vedic lifestyle (knowledge-based life) and to do good to the world.


  1. What is there in the name of Kerala?

Ans. A place which is crowded with plenty of coconut trees that provide shadow to people, that is how this place got its name.


  1. What is the core message or principle of PrabhAkaramatham?

Ans. Humans are doing their duties and getting the rewards accordingly, therefore where is the role of God in this transaction?


  1. What are the SampradAyas of MimAmsa system?

Ans. MimAmsa sampradaya is a cult or tradition. They have 2 sects viz. 1. PAttamatham and 2. PrabhAkaramatham (Gurumatham). PAttamath accept the existence of God and PrabhAkaramath reject the existence of God.


  1. What are the strengths of Vaishnavis?

Ans. They are the power of Goddess Mahalakshmi who extended helping hand to Sri Lalitha Paramewari in the battle of Bandasura. These Shaktis are 18 crores (180 million). They are also taking care of universal wealth and giving energy to beings.


  1. Who are ChAmundas?

Ans. They are the Army of Goddess Parasakthi. Their battalion-size is 9 crores (90 million) devis.

  1. How to describe Brahman?

Ans. Anyone who tries to give explanation for Brahman will become tired and struggle for explanations. However, a brief description could be like – A true knowledge or consciousness that removes the duality in thinking and acting, a knowledge that is beyond space, time and words, can be traced or understood only through the Aathma (Soul) is Brahman.

  1. What is called Sathya Nishta?

Ans. Following the path of truth is Sathya Nishta. The word uttered in sequence with thinking and act as per the given word is also Sathya Nishta.

  1. What are the fundamental causes that degrade human beings?

Ans. Mainly Four. 1. Yauvanam (Youthhood), 2. KAmam (Lust), 3. Dravya Prabhavam (Pride on wealth), 4. Moodathwam (Ignorance/foolishness).

  1. Who did the first rendering or commentary for Vedas?

Ans. SAyanachArya. He wrote first commentaries for all the four Vedas, thereafter a few authors.

 

  1. Which are the Dasa Upanishad?

Ans. Out of innumerable Upanishads, these 10 are the most important ones. They are 1. Isa, 2. Kena, 3. Katha, 4. Prasna, 5. Mundaka, 6. MAndukya, 7. Taittiriya, 8. Aitereya, 9. Chandogya, 10. Brihadaranyaka.

  1. What is the Moola Sidhanth (Fundamental Doctrine) of Hindu Dharma?

Ans. Upanishads. Those Hindus who have no knowledge about Upanishads can’t claim to be real Hindus. There are 1008+ Upanishad existed but 10 (Dasopanishads) are the most important ones.

  1. How many MimAmsa Sastras existed and their creators/propagators?

Ans. Two. 1. Poorva MimAmsa (discuss Virtuous/Dharmas) – Jaimini Maharshi, he used Vedas as the source for his Sastras, 2. Uthara MimAmsa (discuss Brahman) – VyAsa Maharshi, he used Upanishads as a source. This indicates clearly that the Upanishads were much older than the estimate of modern scientists because Maha BhAratham took place 5200+ before, and at that time Veda Vyasa was alive.

  1. What is known as MimAmsa Sastram?

Ans. MimAmsa Sastra deals with the meaning of Veda Mantras.

  1. When the Upanishads (Essence of Vedas) came into popularity?

Ans. As per modern scientists’ opinion, approximately BC 1680-1880 period (As on 2019 = 3699 years back). Whereas one of the Upanishads called “Maithri” was existed in BC 1200-1400. According to me, modern scientists will keep changing the period as per the requirement or pressure from different governments.

  1. How many branches (Sakhas) has the Vedas?

Ans. Rigved = 21 Sakhas, Yajurved = 101 Sakhas, Samaved = 1001 Sakhas, Atharvanaved = 9 Sakhas, total 1132 Sakhas.  

  1. What are the qualification of Veda Acharya (Guru/Teacher)?

Ans. The teacher/guru must be highly competent, and he should be well versed in Pada-Kramam, Varna-Kramam, Swaram, MAtra and its special usage etc…

  1. What is Ghana Krama Chanting?

Ans. This is the most difficult chanting in Veda Recitation. The chanting goes as from the end to the beginning of the Riq (Mantra) and vice versa (from beginning to end). i.e. bottom to top and top to bottom manner. Scholars use to chant in two methods.

  1. What Ratha Kramam chanting?

Ans. Riq/Mantras (Praising) are recited Pada by Pada in a sequence.

  1. What is Dhanda Kramam chanting?

Ans. First, the Mantra Vakyam (a sentence) is chanted on a Kramam basis then the same mantra being repeatedly rotated just like a wheel movement.

  1. What is Dwaja Kramam chanting?

Ans. The chanting is just like raising a flag on the pole then bring it down manner.

  1. What is Rekha Kramam chanting?

Ans. First, combine two Mantras/words (PadAs) then add three padAs and then add four padAs.

  1. What is Sikha Krama chanting?

Ans. While chanting, Mantra PadAs will keep raising step by step.

  1. How to chant Krama Mala and Pushpa Mala?

Ans. Krama Mala Chanting method is to combine the next mantra’s head with last mantra’s tail just like tying a garland. Pushpa Mala Kramam is recited based on one after the other viz Krama, Vyuthkramam and Samkramam repeatedly.   

  1. Veda Mala Japam how many types and what is it?

Ans. 2 types viz. 1. Krama Mala, 2. Pushpa Mala.

  1. What is the combination techniques used for chanting Jada Japam?

Ans. Five unions are known as 1. Anukramam, 2. Uthkramam, 3. Vyuthkramam, 4. Abhikramam, Samkramam.

  1. What is known as Jada in Veda chanting?

Ans. Chanting by combining five words/mantras each is called Jada Japam.

  1. What is known as Krama in Veda chanting?

Ans. Chanting by combining two words/mantras each is called Krama Japam (Chanting).

  1. How Vedas are chanted or learned or recited in different methodologies?

Ans. According to the scripture “Vikrutha Valli” there are 11 recital methods used for chanting Vedas viz. 1. Samhita, 2. Pada, 3. Krama, 4. Jada, 5. Mala, 6. Sikha, 7. Rekha, 8. Dwaja, 9. Dhanda, 10. Ratha, 11. Ghanam.

  1. What are the three systems of Jyothi Sastram (Astrology)?

Ans. 3 divisions. 1. Ganitham (Astronomical calculations), 2. JAthakam (Predictive astrology), 3. Samhitha/Muhurthams (Identifying auspicious timings to better results).

  1. How seven days were fixed/formed for a week by God?

Ans. Initially, only 7 Planets were formed to rule our Solar System from Sun yo Saturn. Therefore, only 7 days were needed to complete one-week activities. Wheres Rahu and Kethu were born and included in the planetary system. According to Scriptures (PurnAs), by the last quarter of Krita Yuga only Rahu and Kethu got admitted in the solar system to govern. They were given a specific task/portfolio to govern all beings in this Universe. 

  1. What are the Vedic methods used to study Soorya Mandal (The world of Solar System/Sun)?

Ans. 4 approaches. 1. Sastram, 2. Prathyaksham, 3. AythEhyam, 4. AnumAnam.

  1. When is the Vedic New Year?

Ans. Phalguna Masa (Chaithram/Chithra/Mesha) Pournami Day. 

  1. How Vedic Time table (KAlAntharam) is propagated in the Vedas?

Ans. 1. Kalpam (2 Parardham one day and night part), 2. Manvantharam (14), 3. Yugam (4), 4. Varsham (1), 5. Ayanam (2), 6. Rithu (6), 7. MAsam (12), 8. Paksham (2), 9. VAram (7), 10. Dinam (1), 11. NAzhika (60), 12. Muhoortham (15+15), 13. Kshanam (1440 secs) etc…

  1. What are the metrics of Chhandhas, PAdhAs and Aksharas?

Ans. 1. Gayathri = 24 Aksharas (Syllables), 3 PAdhAs @ 8 each, 2. Ushniqe = 28 Aksharas, 3 PAdhAs – first two PAdhAs @ 8 Aksharas and last PAdhAm @ 12 Aksharas, 3. Anushtup = 32 Aksharas, 4 PAdhAs @ 8 each, 4. Bruhathi = 36 Aksharas, 4 PAdhAs – first three PAdhAs @ 8 and last PAdhAm @ 12, 5. Pankthi = 40 Aksharas, 4 PAdhAs @ 10 each, 6. Thrushtup = 46 Aksharas, 4 PAdhAs @ 11 Aksharas, 7. Jagathi = 48 Aksharas, 4 PAdhAs @ 12 Aksharas. Total 7 Chhandhas = 254 Aksharas (Syllables).  

  1. What are the core divisions of Chhandhas (Meter)?

Ans. 2 divisions.  1. Vaidheekam (Gayathri, Ushniqe, Anushtup, Bruhathi, Panthi, Thrushtup and Jagathi etc…), 2. Laukikam (AaryA, Indra Vjrah, UpajAthi etc…). Chhandas is known through Poem (Padhya), Metrics (PAdhas) and Illuminates (Jyothis).

  1. What is death?

Ans. Destruction of this mortal body. Since it is only an instrument (Upadi) for the Soul to search, aware, learn, enjoy and finally attain liberation.

  1. What are the indications of 4 and 8 hands of Goddess Parasakthi?

Ans. 4, 8 and 10 hands indicate that 4, 8 and 10 quarters of this universe. She silently giving an assurance to her devotees that she can reach every quarter of this universe in bringing help to them.

  1. How Sounds (Sabdhas) are segregated?

Ans. 3 types. 1. Supandham, 2. Thingtham, 3. Avyayam. Supandham means names of all properties in this universe and beyond, Thingtham means functions of all matters or devices or instruments or things, Avyayam means indeclinable or continuation of Thingtham in a specific manner. 

  1. How many types of Kalpa Sutram exists?

Ans. Though many but 4 types are the most important ones. 1. Sruatha Sutram (Vedic learning techniques, rituals and Yagnas), 2. Gruhya Sutram (family concept, domestic religious ceremonies etc), 3. Dharma Sutram (concepts of virtues), 4. Sulpa Sutram (concepts of Geometrics).

  1. What is Kalpa Sutram?

And. The multitude of Karmas and its functional techniques are scattered in the ocean of Vedas. Wheres, Kalpa Sutram unites suitable Karmas and its functions under one string and present to us. This means without knowing Kalpa Sutra, we will have no idea as to what to do for achieving certain specific objectives.

  1. Saptha Swaraas emerging from which parts of the human body?

Ans. 1. Shadjam originates from Nose, Neck, Chest, Chick, Tongue and Teeth, 2. Rishabham from Center of the head, 3. GAndhAram from Nose, 4. Madhyamam from Heart, 5. Panchamam from Chest and Neck, 6. Dhaivatham from Forehead, 7. Nishadham from All Joints. 

  1. What are the 14 Dur Gunas (bad qualities) of a Song (GhAnam) or Speech?

Ans. 1. SangEtham, 2. Bheeshanam, 3. PEtham, 4. Uthkushtam, 5. AnunAsikam, 6. Kaka-swaram, 7. Moorthagatham, 8. SthAna Vivarjitham, 9. Viswaram, 10. Viratham, 11. Vislishtam, 12. VishamAhatham, 13. Vyaakulam, 14. ThAla HEnam.

  1. What are the 10 Sad Gunas (good qualities) of a Song (GhAnam) or Speech?

Ans. 1. Raktham, 2. Poornam, 3. Alamkrutham, 4. Prasannam, 5. Vyaktham, 6. Vikrushtam, 7. Salakshanam, 8. Samam, 9. SukumAram, 10. Madhuram.

  1. What are the good and bad of Sangeetham (Song/Music) and Pravachanam (Discourse)?

Ans. A GhAnam (Song) and a Discourse has 10 good (Sad Gunas) and 14 doshas (Dosha Gunas). Those who can sing a song or make a speech with 10 Gunas without 14 dosha gunas can only be considered as a good singer or narrator.  

  1. What is the origin or comparison of SwarAs in Sangeetha Sastram?

Ans. They are Seven sounds. 1. Shadjam (Mayil/Peacock), 2. Rishabham (Mahishi/Buffalo), 3. GAndhAram (Aja and MAndukam / Goat and Frog), 4. Madhyamam (Krauncha Pakshi/Kraucha Bird), 5. Panchamam (Kokila / Cuckoo Bird) 6. Dhaivatham (Aswam / Horse), 7. Nishadham (Gaja / Elephant)

  1. Why women and Sudras are not eligible for learning Vedas?

Ans. According to Veda Aacharyaas (Gurus) women and Sudras lack “VAksudhi” (both use impure and unholy words from time to time, which can spoil the holiness of Veda Mantras, therefore they are disqualified). However, as the civilization keep improving females as well as Sudras have improved their lifestyle and not falling into the low standard set by Vedic times. Therefore, in my opinion, male scholars must give them a chance to learn Vedas.

  1. What is Jyothisham (Astrology)?

Ans. It reveals the auspicious and right time to conduct the appropriate Yagnam so that to avail the best results. It will also deal with celestial bodies and auspicious timings (Muhurthams).

  1. What is Chhandhas (Meter)?

Ans. It reveals and teaches us the stress, length, punch, modulation, articulation, velocity and number of syllables used in each Mantras etc…   

  1. What is Niruktham (Sastram)?

Ans. The method to identify the right sounds of Vedas i.e. giving meaning to words (mantras). What it reveals how did each item get its name in this Universe.

  1. What is VyAkaram (Sastram)?

Ans. To know what the language of Vedas is, the great Rishis has laid down a few rules and regulations called Sastras. It also deals with Prakruthi and its parts contribution in this Universe.

  1. What is Kalpam (Sutram)?

Ans. Kalpam teaches us how to use/handle the Veda Mantras.

  1. What is Siksha (Valli)?

Ans. It is part of Veda Adhyayanam. Basically, a spiritual training period during which the disciple or the student gets to learn as to how to familiarize Swaram (Sound), Aksharam (Alphabet) and MAthra (Unit of measure) from the mouth of his/her Guru. 

  1. How much time it takes to getting pregnant?

Ans. According to Garbhopanishad – approximately 100 hours needed i.e. 4 days 4 hours time to get pregnant. From the day of Rithu Darsan (period) 13,14,15 and 16th day the eggs are getting formed to receive the Bhija (Ovulating period). The Egg’s life span is 1-day (24 hours) time and the Bhija’s life is 2 to 3 days (48 to 72 hours).

  1. What are the limbs of Veda Purushan (Divine body of Brahma)?

Ans. 6 main Angas (Limbs) are referred by Veda Puran. They are Vyakaranam = Face, Jyothisham = Eyes, Niruktham = Ears, Siksha = Nose, Kalpam = Hands, Chhandhas = Feets.

  1. Speech or Language which one came first?

Ans. Talking capabilities is part and parcel of the human body therefore, God first created the talking capacity then humans created languages.

  1. What is the origin of speech (Bhasha)?

Ans. It has two divisions viz. 1. Mauna Bhasha, 2. Sabdha Bhasha. Para, Pasyandhi and Madhyama are the Mauna Bhasha (Silent) and Vaikhari is the Sabdha Bhasha (Voice).

 

  1. How did the creator (God) create all substances or ingredients?

Ans. Based on the Veda and Mantra Sastras, God created the form/shape to every item (Matter and Non-Matter) based on its name (Sound) in this Universe. This reveals that the name existed before the form i.e. first Sound then Shape.  

  1. What are the parts or divisions (KAndAs) of Vedas?

Ans. Three divisions viz. 1. Karma KAnda (Path of Service/Activities), 2. GhnAna KAnda (Path of Knowledge), 3. Upasana KAnda (Path of Worship).  

  1. In which manner the Veda Mantras were composed?

Ans. Veda Mantras are in three types. 1. Ghadhya (Pros), 2. Padhya (Poetic), 3. GhAna (Lyrics).

  1. How the law and order is made in each country?

Ans. As per Raja Dharma, it is completely based on that country’s religious and philosophical system. In other words, the law and order can be implemented and protected only if the basis is as per the referred rule.

  1. When do the mind die?

Ans. When Jagrath-Swapna-Sushuptha forms remain non-existent.

  1. JAgrath-Swapana-Sushuptha is a state (Avastha) or form (Roopa)?

Ans. These three realities are not a state (Avastha) instead they are forms of Chhitham (Consciousness) itself. 1. Ghora-roopa-Chhitham (Highly active in nature) = Jagrath, 2. SAnthaswaroop Chhitham (Calm nature) = Swapana, 3. Jadamaya Chhitham (Motionless unintelligent nature) = Sushupthi.

  1. What are the classifications of Karmas (Activities)?

Ans. They are mainly three. 1. Punya Karma (Holy works), 2. PApa Karma (Unholy works), 3 Punya-Papa Misra Karma (Mix of good and bad actions).  

  1. What are the spiritual experiences of a Sadak (Aspirant/Devotee)?

Ans. Though it is all a kind of limitations to the progress of the spiritual journey, these Seven experiences are adorable and ultimate. It is also known as Saptha Bhoomis of the spiritual seeker. 1. Subechha (Pragnaa Sudhi/Everything getting purified by its own), 2. SuvichArana (wise thinking), 3. AngabhAvana (All limbs or body parts becoming energized), 4. Vilapini (hearing inarticulate sounds from the celestial world), 5. SudhasamvinmayAnanda Swaroopam (subtle vision and experiencing the beauty of pure consciousness in the brightest form), 6. ThuryAvastha (being in that state of soul or superior power), 7. ThuryAthEtham (a state beyond explanation or beyond time and space). These experiences are felt in a different state of life. 1 to 3 are experienced during JAgrathavastha (State of Awake), 4th during SwapnAvastha (State of Dream), 5th during Sushupthi (State of deep sleep), 6th during beyond the state of Avasthathrayam (State beyond Jagrath-Swapna and Sushuptha) and 7th only after the fall of the mortal body.  

  1. When the GhnAna will be born?

Ans. GhnAnam will be born when the merger of Eakathwam and Dwaitham happens. When these two extreme truths (Philosophy) of Praghna meet and greet together, the true knowledge (GhnAna) will sprout from the inner energy. 

  1. What are the types of Aadi?

Ans. 2 types 1. Samsaram i.e. material family life (SAmanyam), 2. VyavahAram i.e. dealings and behavioural (Prathyaksham). Once the wishes get fulfilled the VyavahAra Aadi will disappear whereas when the loss of AgnAnam (Ignorance) appears the Samsara Aadi also disappear. This means, only the Aathma Ghnaanam is the right remedy for Samsara Aadi.

  1. What is called Aadi and VyAdi?

Ans. Both are some sort of sickness only. Sorrows related to mortal the body is called VyAdi (Sickness) and sorrows connected to Mind (Manas) is called Aadi.

  1. Where does the Antha Kundalini resides?

Ans. Antha Kundalini (Deep inner side) is an infinitely subtle energy, she resides in a subtle nerve (NAdi) called Aanthraveshtanika. This energetic flow is activating the brain (Budhi), mind (Manas) and PrAna to run the body intact. It is also known as Jeevan and Kala.

  1. What is the form or Skelton or body of Aathma (Soul)?

Ans. VignAnam (Experimental Science) in the form of Aathma.

  1. What are the fundamental properties of (Moola Dhathus) this Universe?

Ans. They are 4. 1. KAla Sattha (Source for Time), 2. AakAsa Sattha (Source for Space), 3. Spandha Sattha (Source for Pulse / The momentum of life), 4. Sudha Chethana Sattha (Source for pure consciousness).

  1. How many types of Maunis (Silence Observers) exists?

Ans. 4 types. 1. VAng Maunam (Persons who willingly controlled their voice / observing a vow of silence), 2. Aksha Mounam (Persons of sensual pleasure and other pleasure-giving activities controlled by force), 3. KAshta Mounam (Those who gave up all mundane activities and follow silence), 4. Sushuptha Mounam (Those who controlled the Chhitha and VAsanAs / Consciousness and habits of past memories).

  1. What are the fundamental divisions of Munis (Sages)?

Ans. Two divisions viz. 1. KAshta ThApasan (Non-Realized sages), 2. Jeevan Mukthan (Realized sages).

  1. What are the real forms of God (Easwara Swaroopam)?

Ans. Two types: 1. SAmAnyam (Sagunakaram – Physical forms), 2. Param (Nirgunakara Swaroopam).

  1. What is the indication (Lakshan) of Brahma GhnAn in a person?

Ans. A person who renounced all his/her wishes, resolutions, passions and live independently i.e. freed from all types of bondings.

  1. What is the indication (Lakshan) of GhnAna in a person?

Ans. A person’s eagerness to become Brahman itself by putting sincere efforts and securing the necessary knowledge indicates that he/she is going to realize Brahman.  



  1. What is BrahmArpanam?

Ans. A conviction or belief that God and self along with all other things in and around belong to the Brahman alone. Nothing other than Brahman exists. This belief is called BrahmArpanam.

  1. What is SnAnam (Bathing) in Vedantic Philosophy?

Ans. In the presence of Aathma Chaithanyam (Supreme Consciousness), one should cleanse all his/her impurities and merge in the Aathma Chaithanyam itself. This is the actual bathing (snAn) of an aspirant.

  1. What is Amrutham in Vedantic Philosophy?

Ans. It is very easily attainable, it is in the mortal body itself, and it is very calm and cool – the Bodham (Consciousness and Awareness). This is the greatest instrument for worshipping Nirguna Para Brahman (Siva/Devan).

  1. How to do worship (Pooja) or Nirguna Brahman (Devan)?

Ans. Only 3 items are required 1. Knowledge (GhnAnam), 2. Samatha Bhavam (Non-duality), 3. Upasamam (Calm and Satisfaction). Way of worship (Pooja) is DhyAnam (Meditation).

  1. Who is the actual deva (Divine Energy)?

Ans. Ever pervading, attributeless, limitless, full of consciousness and infinite Para Brahman, who is none other than Siva is actual Devan. Not even Trimurthies (Brahma-Vishnu-Rudran) are DevAs. However, since celestial divine personalities represent some portion of the divine qualities of Brahman, scholars call them as if they are too Devan. This doctrine was propagated by Sage Vasishta.

  1. What is PrAna Chintha?

Ans. Thinking or following or meditating on PrAna Air (Life energy) is PrAna Chintha. Likewise, people also meditate on Aathma (Soul). There are 10 PrAna Vayus among them PrAna and ApAna are very important who always roam in the Heart. One goes up and the other comes down. Meditating on their travel sequence is called PrAna Chintha.  

  1. What is Vidhya (True Knowledge)?

Ans. Even the Vidhya is a portion of Avidhya, but that portion is part of Sathwa element/quality. This means the Vidhya is embedded in Avidhya itself. It also reveals that Avidhya is more than Vidhya. In other words, True Knowledge (Vidhya) needs to be churned out of the field of Avidhya (Ignorance) itself.

  1. What is Avidhya (Ignorance)?

Ans. It is an invisible effect or element on the body, however, it can be realized of experience through the form of sleep etc. It is a combination of Rajass and Thamass elements.

  1. When the Jeeva will not attain Mukthi?

Ans.  If a Jeeva is surrounded by VAsana and its prime contributor Agnaan (Ignorance) exists, then that Jeevan will never attain Mokha (Liberation from transmigration).

  1. From where the VAsanas and PrAna Spandham are emerging?

Ans. It is a bi-product of “Samvedhyam”. A visible convention or constitution of particles or bubble is called Samvid. Those particles are reflected in the absolute Brahman or unified field. In other words, all these are derived from the Chaithanyam of Absolute infinite Brahman itself.

  1. Which element is the cause for Chhitham?

Ans. PrAna spandham (Pulse of life) and VAsana PravAh (Flow of sensual pleasure) in the body are the reason for the Chitham to survive as well as end its existence.

  1. How does the body undergo a good and bad experience (Sukha and Dukha)?

Ans. Though the body is only a device or instrument, yet the body functions are mooted by Jeeva, Prana and Soul. The body is filled with the gene or beej (seeds) of good and bad experiences of past and present, and that will prompt or get exposed according to the situation.

  1. What is called Chhitha Nasam and how can it happen?

Ans. As we know Chhitham is the reason for all problems in human life because it is the best friend of VAsanas. With great alertness and austerity, the Chhitham can be utilized for achieving the highest level of life. By nature, it pushes the person to embrace all negative effects first than positive benefits. In two ways it can be destroyed or change its effects. The process is known as “Swaroopa NAsam” and “Aroopa NAsam”. By Vedantic practice when a person attains equality in everything (oneness) the “Chhitham” will automatically lose its existence. This is what happens through Swaroopa NAsam practice. Whereas, when a person does not even give a chance to imagine the experience of it the Chhitham can be nullified and this process is known as Aroopa Nasam.    

  1. How many times an average human breath a day?

Ans. It is called one-day Ayus of a person, average 21,600 times of breath in and out. This will vary from person to person due to many attributes.

  1. What are the types of Sangams (Companions) and how many are they?

Ans. Two types. They are called VanNdhya (empty/non-discriminative nature) and Vandya (salute/discriminative nature). The VanNdhya group of people or instruments that will not help the aspirant to think or realize the Soul (Aathma), whereas the Vandya type of Sanghis help the person to identify Self (Soul) as well as enlight themselves and behave with discriminative power.

  1. What is the significance of Ghnaanam (true knowledge)?

Ans. When a person is completely free from seeking sensual pleasure (Vishaya Nivruthi).

  1. What is the important thing one should achieve out of Thapas (Penance/religious austerity)?

Ans. Removing all specks of dirt and impurities from the consciousness (Chhitham) and realize that the Aathma alone is the purest or pure! (Realizing Aathma Swaroopam).

  1. What is Jeevan Mukthi (Liberation from transmigration)?

Ans. When the Chhitham stops enjoying the fruits produced by Vishayas (material sensual pleasure) and start enjoying Aathma Sukham, one should realize that the Jeevan Mukthi process has started in a big way, finally the aspirant will merge in the ocean of pure consciousness (unified field) and lose identity or duality.   

  1. What are the best instruments who could help in Aathma Vichara (Soul searching)?

Ans. They are 3 guides: 1. Sastra (Spiritual Scriptures), 2. Guru (Realized Master), 3. Chhitham (Intelligence).

  1. Who is making the Mind to be active?

Ans. VAsanaas (present consciousness of past perceptions).

  1. Who can have Dhyana Drusthi (Subtle Vision through meditation)?

Ans. Those who have the “calm mind” can only achieve Dhyana Drishti.

  1. When the Mind (Manas) and Brain (Budhi) become non-existent?

Ans. During the state of deep sleep (i.e while in Sushupthi).

  1. What are the gifts given by Vedanta Philosophy to humankind or approaches/options one has for realizing the truth?

Ans. It can be implemented in 4 ways in one’s life. They are; one Agnaana Swaroopa Marg (Path of Ignorance) and three are Ghnaana Swaroopa Marg (Path of Knowledge). 1. The negative or Agnaana approach is that “This the mortal body is I/me”, 2. The positive or Ghnaana approaches are “I am the source of brilliance/intelligence (Chaithanyam) and everliving – I am immortal”, 3. “I am the effulgence in everything, and my duty is only shining forever in everything”, 4. “Only the pure consciousness (Chidakasam) is always shining, whereas I was not even existed, if at all I feel my existence then it is only an imagination”. This doctrine is called Sampoorna Swaroopa (full form).   

  1. What is called VAsana Thyaagam (Renouncing VAsana) and how to get rid of it?

Ans. Renouncing or giving up hereditary habits or present consciousness of past perceptions. It is handled in two ways by scholars. 1. Dhyeyam (to be meditated on) i.e. an acceptance to self that there is no relationship between me and whatever I see in this universe (no concern/indifference attitude), 2. Jgneyam (to be realized that) i.e. by renouncing duality nature of self and see anything and everything is part and parcel of me (Oneness). Therefore, why should I get agitated with everything, let me detach from my inner calls for pleasure-seeking!

  1. What is Sankalpam (Resolution)?

Ans. When the Chaithanyam achieves a form that is called Sankalpam. In fact the Mind itself Sankalpam.

 

  1. What are the alternative names (Paryaaya) of Kala (Portion)?

Ans. The most important ones are: Jeevan, Karma, Chandran, Prakasam, Chaarutham, Aathma, Sareeram, Thejas, Brahman, Rasam and PrAnan.

  1. Who is Aathma (Soul)?

Ans. Aathma is 16th portion (Kala) of Paramathma.

  1. What are the different tastes that the tongue can experience?

Ans. Six tates. 1. Madhuram (Sweet), 2. Amlla (Sour), 3. Lavanam (Salt), 4. Kadu (Bitter), 5. Kashaya (Astringent), 6. Thiktham (Pungent).

  1. How different is PrAna and Jeeva?

Ans. Jeevan is the primordial reason for the PrAnA to move around in the body. They are not one and the same, two different entities.

  1. How does the Jeeva (Life Energy or Soul) get degraded and finally exit the body?

Ans. The pride in the mortal body will encourage the mind to grow. The mind will nourish the sensual pleasures (VAsanAs), the VAsanAs will abuse the body and eventually collapse.  

  1. What are the forms of Ahamkaram?

Ans. There are 3 types, two good and one bad form. The good ones are 1. Everything is my own form or derived from my Chaithanyam (intelligence or consciousness), 2. I am nothing, Brahman alone exists. The bad one is 1. Having a pride that I am none other than the mortal body.

  1. What is Samsaram (Transmigration System)?

Ans. The various acts of Ignorance (Avidhya) are Samsaram. Mind is the main reason for this too.

  1. What are the Seven Gnaanavasthas (known the status)?

Ans. 1. Subechha (Eagerness to know good things), 2. Suvicharanam (Enquiring about good wise things), 3. Thanumaanasi (Controlling sensual pleasures), 4. Sathwapathi (Controlling 10 Indriyas and 3 Gunas), 5. Asam-Ssakthi (Aspirant enjoying the vision of God or infinite divine happiness), 6. Padhaartha Bhaavini (waking up the aspirant while he/she is in the deep blissful mood), 7. Thureeram (Permanency in the conviction of oneness that is a stage of Adhvaitha).

  1. What is Sushupthi Avastha?

Ans. The entire universe is merged into its cause. In other words, according to Vedanta, space is only a Sankalpa of a person. When all Sankalp disappears from one person he/she is having Sushupthi Avastha. Usually, it happens during deep sleep.

  1. What are the Maha Mohas (Biggest Desires)?

Ans. They are seven, usually, every human being is very much fond of certain desires as his/her inborn nature. It grows along with their age. These seven desires are generally making a person its slave. They are 1. Bheeja JAgram (Rising Semen), 2. JAgram (consciously alert or awake), 3. Maha JAgram (Uncontrollable thurst), 4. JAgra-swapnam (looking forward even in a dream), 5. Swapnam (Dreaming), 6. Swapna JAgram (Prompted during the dream), 7. Sushupthi (Deep sleep).

  1. What is Ahamkara (Ego / Head-weight)?

Ans. The unstable or whimsical mind is Ahamkara.

  1. What is needed to achieve Brahma Prapthi (to merge in the infinite unified field)?

Ans. Conquer your Chhitham. According to Vedanta, this is only option available for the aspirant/seeker/sadhak.

  1. Which is the easiest path to control the mind?

Ans. Renounce what you like more because mind’s seat is in the affectionate items only.

  1. What is produced by Chhitham (Intelligence)?

Ans. Everything is produced by Chhitham only, however, specifically Swargam (Paradise), Narakam (Hell), Bhoomi (Earth), Janana (Birth) and Marana (Death) all created by the Chhith only.

  1. What is considered as real Karma?

Ans. Anything one does with his/her mind (Manas) will be considered as Karama not but physical body action.

  1. How a Jagath (Universe) is created or born?

Ans. From ever living Infinite Brahman or Paramathma (Infinite Unified Field) the Jeeva (Life Energy) will be born, that give birth to Sankalpa to Ahamkara to Chhitham and then Manas (Mind). Such Mind is creating the Jagath. Jagath is only a Sankalpa since Brahman do not have a form identity.

  1. What is Easwarathwam (God-hood) means?

Ans. A power or an element (Thathwam) that can absorb all our impurities and afflictions in it and make us pure and virgin is Easwarathwam.

  1. When the Sankalapa (determination/resolution/oath) will become a reality?

Ans. When a person is completely free from Dwaitha Bhavam (duality) then his/her Sankalpas will become true.

  1. What is Aathivaahika Sareeram (body of the cause or Para Sareeram)?

Ans. When the Chhitha is in its purest form, it converts itself into the primordial body (just like a bubble) known as Aathivaahika Sareeram.

  1. What is becoming Sthoola Sareera (Mortal Body or body of effect)?

Ans. Originally the same subtle body (Sookshma Sareeram or Aathivaahika Sareeram) becoming the Sthoola Sareera due to Vaasana (Present the consciousness of past perceptions).

  1. Homas/Havan (worshiping in a sacrificial fire) are how many types?

Ans. 2 types. 1. Paraa Homam – done in the Yoga Agni without physical fire, it is an inward sacrifice in a subtle form, 2. Aparaa Homam – physically done in the sacrificial fire with various homa dravyaas (articles).

  1. What are the 3 stages of Sri Devi Upasana (Worship of divine mother)?

Ans. Three stages are 1. Paraa Pooja (Advaitha Dhyaana Nishta) which is done by embracing “Oneness” from all diversities, 2. Aparaa Pooja (Opposite to Paraa Pooja) – this is done on Sri Chakra device (King all energy centre), 3. Paraa-Apara Pooja (Mix of both other worships) – this is done on various Devathas (divine personalities).

  1. Who is Gunaatheethan (Free from or beyond all properties)?

Ans. If a person’s body and his/her brain/intellect are active then they can’t be Gunaatheethan. Whereas the Gunaatheethan is beyond all any such properties, therefore, unless he/she is free from such properties (by practice), there is no question of worshipping or merging with Nirguna Prabrahman. In other words, there is nothing if there is no Guna (form) to worship (Upasana). 

  1. Who is Jeevan Mukthan (Liberated Soul)?

Ans. The one who has no 1. Self-pride (Abhiman), 2. Ego (ahmkaram), 3. Worldly activities (Loka Vyaapaara), 4. Fear (Bhaya), 5. No possession of happiness nor sad (Sukha-Dukha Rahitham), 6. No Body-conscious (Sareera Chintha) is a Jeevan Mukthan.

  1. When do the Athma remains and none exists?

Ans. When all Sankala becomes non-existent or gets over, then the Aathma alone remains!

  1. What are the other names of Sankalpam (Resolution)?

Ans. There are Seven names viz. 1. Avidhya, 2. Chitham, 3. Manass, 4. Samsaram, 5. Bandham, 6. Malam, 7. Thamass. 

 

  1. What is Manas! (Mind)?

Ans. Whatever is the reason or cause for everything is called Manas. It is just like Sky, which is difficult to explain but explainable. It is only an imagination (Sanakalp) and the same can be compared with Mind. According to Vedantha – an assumption or reflection of something that exists or does not exists is the Mind. Another description is that when the Chaithanyam (Conscious) get a shape/form that is called Manas. 

  1. What are the divisions of Akasa (Sky Element)?

Ans. Two. 1. Brahmandam (Cosmic Universe), 2. Pindandam (Mortal Body). Both are derived from Parasakthi Matha (Divine Mother).

  1. Where the Brahman is posited?

Ans. Brahman is seated in the Space (Parakasa), that is why everyone is looking up while praying.

  1. What is the Maha Divya Sakthi (Great Divine Power) of Brahman?

Ans.  Paraakasam (ever pervading space), it is even beyond five elements.

  1. What is the difference between Sushupti Avastha (Deep Sleep) and Dhyana Samadhi (Meditation)?

Ans. During the sleep stage, the Soul does not merge with Brahman (Paramathma / Supreme soul), whereas, during meditation, the Soul merges with Brahman.

  1. What are the forms of Jeeva Chaithanyam (Existence of life)?

Ans. 3 Types viz. 1. Viswaan (having this name during Jagratha Avastha/waken or active stage), 2. Thaijasan (having this name during Swapna Avastha/dream stage), 3. Praaghnan (having this name during Sushupthi Avastha/deep sleep stage). Viswan represent Five Elements (Pancha Bhuthas), Thaijasan represent Brain (Budhi), and Praaghnan represents the Cause (Kaaran/Para).

  1. How to identify the Dwaitha Bhavam (Duality) in a person?

Ans. Those who project “I” attitude by word, mind and action are embraced into Dwaitha.

  1. What are the various characteristics forms of Jeeva?

Ans. Four. 1. Anubhoothi (Sensation/Perception/Experience), 2. Vedhanam (Knowledge/Feeling), 3. Prathipathi (Confession), 4. Prathyaksham (Reality).

  1. What is the symbolic representation of Jeeva (Life energy)?

Ans. “I” (Aham). The experience or awareness or consciousness of wisdom.  

  1. Who are the wise people (Sath-Janaas)?

Ans. The great people who shine just like Sun, due to the destruction of their “bond of ignorance” (Ajnaan Granthi) are the wise-people. They are also called Easwara-Swaroopis (divine personalities).

  1. What is the real experience of life (Sathya Anubhava)?

Ans. Soul’s natural character is unafflicted happiness, therefore, experiencing that happiness is a true experience, rest all unreal joy and it can’t last for a long period.

  1. What is the easiest way of doing Thathwa-Vichara (Practising philosophical truth)?

Ans. Asking the following questions again and again. One day the inner mind will open and show the answer. Q1? Who Am I (Aham Kaha!), Q2? How did this Universe create? (Kena Prapancham Jathayeth), Q3? What is death (Maranam Kim), Q4? Where will I go after the death (Maranaa-nantharam Kidrusa margam Jayanthi)

  1. Who is the gate keepers (Dwarapalakaas) of the Path of Liberation (Moksha Paad)?

Ans. They are Four. 1. Samam (Control over Indriyas and Mana), 2. Thathwa-Vichaaram (Philosophical vision), 3. Santhosham (Happiness), 4. Sajjana Samsargam (Wise-people company).

  1. What is Vasana (Knowledge derived from memory)?

Ans. The memory of past actions (Karma’s) leftover.

  1. What are the Kalpaka Vrukshas (Kalpaka Trees)?

Ans. They are Five. 1. Mandhaaram, 2. Paarijatham, 3. Santhanam, 4. Kalpa-Vruksham, 5. Hari-chandanam.

  1. What signifies the 9 elements (Thatwas) of Navakshari Mantra?

Ans. Navakshari Mantra is a combination of nine syllable seed hymns. They represent 1. Earth (Prithvi), 2. Poorna Chandra (Full Moon), 3. Sivan (Lord Sivan), 4. Maya (Goddess of illusion), 5. Sakthi (Parameswari), 6. Krishna-dwav (Black-path/Kaali), 7. Madhanan (Kamadeva), 8. Ardha-Chandran (Half-moon), 9. Bindu (Center Dot)

  1. What are the 7 Kiranas (Rays) of Maha Vishnu revealed through Sun?

Ans. 1. Devas (Divine Personalities), 2. Rishis (Sages), 3. Gandharvas (Divine Musicians), 4. Apsaras (Nymph/Wives of the Gandharvas), 5. Yakshas (Spirits / Demi-Gods / Ghost), 6. Saadhyaas (Accomplished great people), 7. Rakshasaas (Demons).   

  1. What are the Ashta Mangalyams (8 Auspicious items)?

Ans. They are two sets one is “Movable” and the other is “Immovable”. Of course, these items will differ from place and time (Desa and Kaalam). Set 1: Movable ones: 1. Sugar Cane (Ikshu), 2. Tharu-Raajam (Tender Bud), 3. Nishpaavam (Fan), 4. Jeeraka Seeds (Cumin), 5. Milk (Ksheera), 6. Kusumbam (Kind of Turmeric), 7. Pushpam (Flower), 8. Lavanam (Salt). Set 2: Immovable ones: 1. Kurava (Rice), 2. Kannadi (Mirror), 3. Vilakku (Lamp), 4. Poornakumbam (Sacred Pot), 5. Vasthram (Wearing Cloth), 6. Niranazhi (Measuring Pot), 7. Sumangali (Married woman living with husband), 8. Swarnam (Gold).

  1. Who is the liberated person (Mukthan)?

Ans. The one who conquered the desires, passions and showing no attachment to anything in this universe, not expecting any type of rewards from his/her services or actions, at the same time, face life without any fear and move forward as it comes!

  1. For whom and till when this Jagath (Universe) is unreal (Mithya)?

Ans. Until the aspirant realizes the ultimate truth (Absolute Brahma Sakshathkara) this Universe is real, whereas the moment he/she realizes the ultimate truth the Universe become unreal (Mithya).

  1. What is needed to start creation in this world?

Ans. 3 Indispensible elements are needed. 1. Vasthu (Matter-Vishnu), 2. Oorjam (Energy-Brahma), 3. Ichha Sakthi (Willpower-Siva).

  1. How do Easwara and Jeeva co-exists in this Universe?

Ans. Nothing can exist without an Upadi (Device or Tactic) in this cosmic world. Easwara pervades across Universe with the help of “Maya” (Illusion) and Jeeva lives by using “Antha Karanas” (Manas, Budhi, Chitham & Ahamkaram).

  1. Who are Mahathmaas (Great Persons)?

Ans. The one who can implement the order of his/her inner call (Ichha Sakthi) for the welfare of the public.

  1. Who is Aadhyaathmik Aacharyan (Spiritual Teacher/Guru)?

Ans. A learned wise person, who gives an appropriate Marga Darsan (Spiritual path and vision) to different people, as they deserve is Spiritual Teacher.

  1. What is the Swadharma of a Sanyasi (Renouncer)?

Ans. There are two types of acts or work. 1. Pravruthi Dharma and 2. Nivruthi Dharma. Nivruthi dharma will lead the person to renounce everything and achieve liberation. Sanyasi dharma is Nivruthi Dharma. 

 

  1. What are the pillars or foot of Dharma (Virtue)?

Ans. 4 Padas viz. 1. Sathyam, 2. Dhaya, 3. Dhaanam, 4. Thapass.

  1. What is Dhaiveeka Sambath (Godly Property/Divine Acquisition)?

Ans. An acquisition or divinely act that can lead a person to achieve ultimate freedom (Liberate oneself from transmigration).

  1. What is made up of Sanathana Dharma (Ever living Virtuous)?

Ans. A combination of 7 great qualities such as 1. Sathyam (Truth), 2. Ghnaanam (Wisdom), 3. Dhaya (Compassion), 4. Samyamam (Accuracy/Perfection), 5. Dhairyam (Courage), 6. Vidhya (Knowledge) and 7. Vinayam (Humility).

  1. What is Anachaaram (Improper behaviour/misconduct)?

Ans. An act, whereby “Trikaranaas” (Mind-Words-Action) will contradict each other from their original duties, such an act is called Anachaaram.

  1. What is Veda Mantra or Why it is called Veda Mantra?

Ans. Humans are Human only because they live under the command of Mind. Therefore, the Mind is the reason for bonding as well as freedom. A holy sound that can purify or refine the mind is called Veda Mantra.

  1. What is called Madhu Parkam?

Ans. It is an offering while doing sacred worship (Pooja). This is a combination of sacred liquids made from 3 portions of curd, 1 portion of honey, 1 portion of Ghee.  

  1. What is Bhootha Yagnam?

Ans. Protecting and nurturing all living beings especially animals. Seeing everyone equally like self.

  1. What Manushya Yagnam?

Ans. Serving people without any expectations.

  1. What is the name of Seven tongues of Agni (Fire)?

Ans. Seven 1. Suvarna, 2. Kanaka, 3. Raktha, 4. Krishna, 5. Suprabha, 6. Athiraktha, 7. Bahuroopa.

  1. How many types of Purushas referred in Vedas?

Ans. They are four. 1. Sareera Purushas (Men with mortal body/humans), 2. Chhanda Purushas (Pleasing Personalities/Eminent Models), 3. Veda Purushas (Person enlighted with true knowledge and wisdom), 4. Maha Purushas (Great men).

  1. What is Naimithika Karmas?

Ans. They are two. 1. Shodasa Samsakaras (16 types of Refining or purifying oneself), 2. Praayaschitha Karmaas (Act of Atonement).  

  1. What is Nithya Karmas?

Ans. They are six. 1. Brahma Yagnam, 2. Deva Yagnam, 3. Pithru Yagnam, 4. Manushya/Adhithi Yagnam, 5. Bhootha Yagnam and 6. Sadaachara Kramas (Leading virtuous life/Good conduct).

  1. What is simple Sath Sangh?

Ans. A company that is created or associated with holy people/Wisemen is Sath Sangh.

  1. How Vruth is categorized?

Ans. Three. 1. Nithya Vruth (Daily/Routine) to earn holy credits on a daily basis, 2. Naimithika Vruth (From time to time) to eradicate/wash off sins, 3. Kaamya Vruth (As and when needed) to earn divinity and happiness in life.

  1. What is Vruth (Celestrial Joy/Fasting)?

Ans. An act of holy determination or resolution. Two explanations are given in the Sastras viz. 1. Whatever that can give the feeling of celestial joy (Swargeeya Sukha) is Vruth, 2. Undertaking Upavaasas based on certain sacred rules and regulations also called Vruth. It is a continues effort!  

  1. How Theerthas (Sacred Objects) are classified?

Ans. Three types viz. 1. Jangamam (2 = Brahma Ghnaanees and Gows / Realized Souls and Cows), 2. Maanasam (12 = Sathyam, Kshama, Ssamam, Dhamam, Dhaya, Dhaanam, Aarjavam, Santhosham, Brahmacharyam, Ghaanam, Dhairyam, Thapasya), 3. Sthavaram (6 = Holy Rivers/Punya Nadhis, Holy Lakes/Punya Sarovaras, Holy Trees/Punya Vrukshas, Holy Forests/Aranyaas, Holy Lands/Punya Puris, Samudras/Seas)

  1. What is Manasa Theerthas (Mind purifying elements/Sacred Objects)?

Ans. They are Seven. 1. Sathyam (Truthfulness), 2. Kshama (Patience), 3. Indriya Samyamam (Regulating sensual desires), 4. Bhootha Dhaya (Compassion towards all living beings), 5. Priya Vachanam (Calmness, Friendly and kindful talk), 6. Ghnaanam (True Knowledge), 7. Thapass (Penance/Ascetic).

  1. How many Theertham exists in this Earth according to Sanathana Dharma?

Ans. Total 3 ½ crores (35 million) Threerthams are referred in 4 major categories viz Dhaivam, Aasuram, Aarsham and Maanusham.

  1. What is Theertham (Sacred liquid)?

Ans. People incur sins due to malefic activities by way of mind, word and action (Manasa-Vaacha-Karmana). Whereas “anything” (by remembering, hearing or consuming) that can wash off these sins to be known as Theertham. 

  1. What are the items used for making an Idol of God and how many are they?

Ans. 8 Types. 1. Krishna Sila (Black Stone), 2. Loha (Metal), 3. Rathna (Precious Gem Stone), 4. Katusarkara Yogam (Combination of about 108 material, neither stone nor metal), 5. Dharu (Wood), 6. Sushkaapa (Mud/Clay), 7. Chithram (Painted Picture), 8. Mana-h-Kalpitham (Visualizing/Imagination).

  1. What is the source or foundation of the construction of Hindu Temple?

Ans. Aagama Sastras (Collection of Vedic Doctrines).

  1. What is the basis of the construction of Hindu Temples?

Ans. Three concepts in one are the core idea behind the formation of Hindu Temples viz. 1. Representing Brahmanda (Cosmic world) as Prapancha (Temple compound), 2. Representing Pindanda (Mortal Body) as Human body, 3. Representing Panchabhoothathmas (Five elements of this universe) as Thathwas (Philosophical Principles).

  1. From when the civil rights administration law (Jeevitha-Barana Vyavastha) was formed by the creator?

Ans. According to Sanathana Dharma Sastras, the first humans (Aborigins) were born in the Bharatha Khandam (From Australia till the end of Africa), where the life system was based on virtues and moral merits. However, when Kinnaras, Gandharvas, Asuras and Rakshasas lifestyle become intolerable for humans, God created the civil and criminal law for justification. (Approximate period is last quarter of Krita Yuga i.e. 29.52 million years ago).

 

  1. Who are Srauthas (Vedic followers)?

Ans. They are a set of people who follows whatever is prescribed in the Vedas only. They are known as Vaidheekars.

  1. Who are Smarthas (Philosophical followers)?

Ans. They are a group of people who follows Varnaasrama Aacharas of Smruthi, Upasana and Puranas. According to them all Gods and its creation is one and the same except their name and form.

  1. What is the important Grantha (Holy Book) of Buddha Math?

Ans. Tripitaka (Thripitakam).

  1. What is the important Grantha (Holy Book) of Jaina Math?

Ans. Thathwaartha-dhigama Sutram (Agam Sutra). The concluding core of the message is that “End of all types of Karmas is Mokham”.

  1. How many important Avatars Lord Maha Vishnu took?

Ans. According to Puranas of Bharat, he has taken 24 Avatars, that include Jain and Buddha.

  1. When did the Visishtadvaitham was formed?

Ans. 10th Century CE – Yamunachaaryar (also known as Alavandar or Periya Mudaliar) blessed his disciple Ramanujachaaryar to propagate.

  1. What is the Vedanta of Saakthaas (Sakthi worshippers)?

Ans. Sakthi Visishtadvaitham

  1. What are the Thrividha Bhavas (3 types of attitudes/manners) of divine mother Parasakthi?

Ans. 1. Dhivyaachaaram (where She will bless the devotee in a pleasant form), 2. Veerachaaram (where She will make her devotees fearless and powerful), 3. Paswaacharam (where She will grant Ghyaan/knowledge to her devotees).

  1. What are the Parampara (class of sub-sects) among Brahmin Caste in Bharath?

Ans. They are 11. 1. Vadamal, 2. Branacharanam, 3. Ashtasahasram, 4. Thenkalai, 5. Arudra, 6. Vrushaba, 7. Vaadhyaman, 8. Mamgudi Branacharanam, 9. Vaathima, 10. Mamgudi, 11. Vadakalai. They are known for their own traits, characteristics, living style and culture.

  1. What are the important Anand (Pure Happiness or Pleasure) humans can experience?

Ans. There are a total of 8 Anandhaas identified by the Mahatmas (Great people), they are 1. Vishayanandham (Pleasure from sensual activities), 2. Vaasanaandham (Pleasure from knowledge derived from memory), 3. Nijaanandham (Pleasure of constant/truth/firmness), 4. Mukhyanandham (Pleasure of highest priority), 5. Aathmanandham (Pleasure of Self), 6. Adhvaithaanandham (Pleasure of Oneness), 7. Ghyaanandham (Pleasure of true knowledge), 8. Brahmaanandham (Pleasure of realizing the absolute truth).

  1. How many Thathvas (Philosophical Doctrines) exists in this universe?

Ans. 36 Thathvas. Bharathiya Saints (Maharshis) invented this secret.

  1. How many books authored by Sri Adi Sankaracharya?

Ans. 272 Granthas (Books). In this series, Sri Lalitha Sahasranamam is not included however, he has given commentaries on Sri Lalitha Thrusathi. 

  1. What are the important sources of Vedantha?

Ans. 1. Upanishads, 2. Brahma Sutram, 3. Bagavad Gita.

  1. What is Dvaitha Philosophy (Dualistic Nature)?

Ans. Dvaitha Philosophy: According to Madhvacharya, the Dualist, the Universe and the living souls are separate from God. The living beings are the servants of God and advocate the reality of five-fold differences between: 1) Individual Soul and God, 2) Soul and Soul, 3) Soul and Matter, 4) God and Matter, and 5) Matter and Matter. This is the basis on which we mentioned that Dvaita philosophy is based on body level perspective as seen and felt by the senses of the relationship between God, Soul (Man) and Matter. In this philosophy, the Supreme Being is Vishnu or Narayana. Under Dvaita philosophy, the Soul (Jeeva) upon liberation does not lose its distinct identity, which is different from Vishnu, nor does it become equal to Him in any respect. It is most appealing to the common man irrespective of caste or creed since it is based on intense devotion (Bhakti) that ultimately leads to Jnana and Salvation.

  1. What is Visishtadvaitha Philosophy (Qualified Non-dualism)?

Ans. Visishtadvaitha Philosophy: It is a Qualified Non-dualism, according to Ramanujacharya, accepts the ultimate Reality to be Brahman; but the individual souls and the universe (Matter) are also real, being parts of Brahman or modes of His manifestation. Brahman alone exists but is characterized by multiplicity. Brahman, with the universe and the individual souls, constitutes the whole of Reality. A Visishtadvaitin wants to become like Lord Narayana and enjoy the divine bliss. He does not wish to merge himself or become identical with the Lord. He wishes to have remained as a spark or a ray of HIS consciousness. 

  1. What is the conviction of Advaitha Philosophy?

Ans. An individual’s Aathma (Jeeva) will merge in Brahman and the Aathma will become Brahman itself.

  1. What is Advaitha Philosophy (Non-dualist)?

Ans. Advaitha Philosophy: According to the Non-dualist, Brahman or Pure Consciousness is the only Reality; though the Brahman alone becoming Jagath and Jeeva, yet, the names and forms in the universe are unreal (Mithya), and man, in his true essence, is one with Brahman. Sankaracharya proclaimed this as “Brahma Sathyam Jagath Mithya Jeevo Brahmaiva na parah”. An Advaita Jnani merges himself and becomes one with Brahman just like all the rivers lose their identity once they merge into the big Ocean. His goal is to become identical with Brahman. It is based on the definition of God as ‘Ekam Eva Advitiyam Brahma’ (one and only one Reality without a second).

  1. What the Uthama Karma (Perfect Duty)?

Ans. First, doing one’s own duty (Swa-Karma) and through which acquire true knowledge and become Ghyaani.

  1. Which is the Nasthika Maths?

Ans. They are 4. 1. Sankyam, 2. Mimamsa, 3. Jainam, 4. Buddham.

  1. What is the difference between Aasthika Math and Nasthika Math?

And. Aasthika Sect = firmly believes in the existence of God, whereas, the non-believers are Nasthika Sect, due to lack of non-physical or scientific proof.  

  1. Which is the religions (Matham) that took birth from Bharat (India)?

Ans. 12 religious sects viz. 1. Vedantham, 2. Saivam, 3. Vaishnavam, 4. Saktham, 5. Sauram, 6. Ganapathyam 7. Kaumaram, 8. Yogam, 9. Sankhyam, 10. Mimaamsa, 11. Jainam, 12. Buddham.  

  1. What is the language of God (Easwar)?

Ans. Mauna (Silence). From the Silence, “OM” came out, from OM the “Samskrutha Basha” came out. Whereas if you look at deep, again the Silence will prevail. 

 

  1. In whom the Vidya (Knowledge) will shine?

Ans. According to Vedas, the Vidya (Educated Knowledge) will shine those who possess the Self Confidence (Aathma Viswas) and Honesty to learn new knowledge (Aarjava).

  1. What was the name of ancient America when Bharat Chakravarthis were ruling?

Ans. Maya Rajya (Probably during the period of Mayan).

  1. What was the capital city of ancient Bharat?

Ans. Tamralipthi (Today it is known as Tamaluk) in West Bengal.

  1. What did Jesus learn from Bharat?

Ans. In 1894 Mr Nicholas Notovik, a Russian writer who translated one the Sastra book of Bharat (probably Bhavishyath Puran) into the French language. Where he mentioned that Jesus came to Bharat at the age of 12 and joined University in “Thakshasila” to study Srimadh Bhagavatham, Gita, Dharma Padham, Sath-dharma Pundareeka Grantha Vidhyas as well as Yoga and Niyoga Vidya from Acharya Sri Rangaji.

  1. What is Thesis (Conclusion of an Invention)?

Ans. It is the name of the table placed in front of a King (In the western region). A proposal will be placed for his consideration in this table  if he accepts it will become Thesis if not it will be considered as Hypothesis (Suggestion).

  1. What is Poorna Sastram (Full Authentic Knowledge)?

Ans. Conclude after referring to the Sastras of Bharat that refers to 1. Parinama Sidhanth (Transformation and Development), 2. Avathaara Sidhanth (Incarnation Theory), 3. Praani Vighnaan (Knowledge of life and living beings), 4. Jyothi Sastra (Astronomy and Astrology) is to be considered as Poorna Sastram. The question will be asked why Bharat, please note Bharat was the only and first place where formal education was given to deserving people from time immemorial. Mainly 5 Universities that includes Thakshasila and Nalanda, Sarada Peed etc.

  1. Who was the first person to manufacture aeroplane indigenously in Bharat/India?

Ans. Sri Siva Sankara Thapedkar. The Aircraft was known as “Pushpakam” under a category name of “Marutha Sakha” in Mumbai 1895. The Aircraft flew at 1500 feet altitude. Whereas, westerners (Americans) claiming that they manufactured aircraft that can fly for commercial purpose in 1867 & 1871 born Wright Brothers.

  1. Ever since when the Bharatheeya Sastras started facing decline?

Ans. Between the 4th and 19th centuries. Due to few Mahathmas incarnations, it is not fully destroyed yet faced damages. Revival is every Bharatheeya’s responsibility.  

  1. How many Upa-Purans (Sub Sacred Books) are referred in Sanathana Dharma (Today’s Hinduism)?

Ans. 18+2 = 20 Upa-Purans. 1. Soorya, 2. Ganesa, 3. Kalika, 4. Kalki, 5. Sanathkumara, 6. Narasimha, 7. Durvasa, 8. Vasishta, 9. Bhargava, 10. Kapila, 11. Parasara, 12. Saamba, 13. Nandikeswara, 14. Bhruhathdharma, 15. Varuna, 16. Pasupathi, 17. Manava, 18. Mudgala, 19. Sri-Devi Bhagavatham, 20. Vaayu.

  1. How many Purans are referred to in Buddhism?

Ans. 8 Purans. Buddhism is a path of practice and spiritual development leading to Insight into the true nature of reality. The Upadi they follow mainly meditation that delivers unconditional happiness known as enlightenment.

  1. How many Maha Purans according to Jainism?

Ans. Jains means Victory. Therefore, the Jainism is referring to the path of victory in crossing over life’s stream of rebirths by destroying karma through an ethical and spiritual life. There are 24 Maha Purans exists.

  1. What is the core message of Maha Puranas?

Ans. Helping others without any expectations will reward Punyam (Holy Credits) whereas Troubling others would attract Paapa (Demerits/Sin). i.e. Paropakaram = Punya and Para Peedanam = Paapa.

  1. Which are the 18 Maha Puraan?

Ans. 1. Padhma (55,000 versus), 2. Brahma (13,000 versus), 3. Vishnu (23,000 versus), 4. Siva (24,000 versus), 5. Bhaagavatham (18,000 versus), 6. Narada (25,000 / 18,110 versus), 7. Markandeya (9,000 / 6,900 versus), 8. Agni (15,000 versus), 9. Bhavishya (14,000 versus), 10. Brahma-vaivartham (18,000 versus), 11. Linga (11,000 versus), 12. Varaha (24,000 / 10,000 versus), 13. Skanda (81,100 versus), 14. Vaamana (10,000 versus), 15. Koorma (17,000 / 6,000 versus), 16. Mathsya (14,000 versus), 17. Garuda (18,000 / 11,000 versus), 18. Brahmaanda Puran (12,000 versus). Total 401,100 versus or 360,110 versus. 

 

  1. What are the Lakshnaas (Characteristics Definition) for a Puran (Sacred Book)?

Ans. 5 Indications or qualities must be present viz. 1. Sargam (Srushti Vighnaanam – Explorations about creation), 2. Prathi-Sargam (creation-sustain-dissolution and re-creation), 3. Srushti Krama Aadivamsavali (Chronology of the creation such as hierarchy system of the beings etc…), 4. Manvantharam (Period of Manu – creator of law for humans to follow), 5. Soorya-Chandra Vamsavali (Clan of Sun and Moon in Earth). These five qualities must be explained in the story to qualify the status of Puran.

  1. How Prapancham (Cosmos/Universe) get created?

Ans. Parasakthi (The Supreme Power/Energy) is hidden in the Para Brahman (Attribute-less), whereas when the creation is to be started (Srushti), at that juncture, the Parasakthi takes the form of Ichha Sakthi (Desires) that developed into Ghyana Sakthi/Roopa (Knowledge) followed by Kriya Sakthi/Roopa (Action). That Kriya Sakthi will become 1. the Spandham (Pulsing), 2. Parispandham (Subtle Pulsing), 3. Prakramam (Initial order), 4. Pariseelanam (Efforts), 5. Pracharam (Expand)

  1. Which are the most useful Yogas for enhancing spiritual life?

Ans. 1. Manthra Yogam (that includes Gyaan and Bakthi Yogas), 2. Laya Yogam, 3. Hatha Yogam, 4. Raaja Yogam.

  1. What is Yogam?

Ans. Yogam is oneness or union. By nature, humans are having duality ever since they started learning things from the universe. Therefore, we must investigate Yogam in different aspects which are widely accepted and propagated through Sastras. They are 1. One need to minimize the thinking process (Chitha Vruthi Sudhi) then cleanse and fix the pure mind in the silence itself is Yogam, 2. A balanced mind is also known as Yogam, 3. Jeevathma losing its existence into Paramathma is Yogam.

  1. Yagneswar Maha Vishnu’s form represents what?

Ans. Padas (Feet) = Vedas, Karam (Hands) = Homa Dravyaas, Mukha (Face) = Indhan/Firewood, Jihva (Tongue) = Angi (Fire), Dhanth (Teeth) = Yupa (Sacrificial Pillar), Nethram = Pratha and Rathri (Day and Night), Karna (Ears) = Vedanthas (Philosophy), Mukha (Mouth) = Sruva (Small Wooden Ladle), Naasam (Nose) = Ajyam (Ghee), Sabda (Sound) = Samaveda Dhwani, Sirass (Head) = Brahmana (Priest), Roma (Hair) = Yaga Kramam (Procedures), Chalana (Movement) = Sathkarma (Noble holy work), Nakh (Nail) = Yaga Dhiksha (Determination), Jaanu (Knees) =  Yaga Mruga/Pasu (Helping Animals), Yoni (Womb) = Homa (Fire Pit), Sareera Dhathus (Body elements) = Phalas (Fruits), Hrudhayam (Heart) = Dhaan (Charity), Raktha (Blood) = Soma Rasa (Herbal Juice), Mano Vegas (Force of Mind) = Havyas and Kavyas (Offerings), Kriyas (Functions/Rituals) = Mantras (Holy Names), Chibhukam (Chin and Chick) = Chhandhas (Meters), Aasanam (Seat) = Guhyopanishad, Chhaya (Shadow) = Dharma Pathni (Consort/Wife).

  1. What is known as Havyam and Kavyam?

Ans. Both are food offered to celestial bodies viz. Havyam is the food/ingredients (Home Dravyas) offered to Devas (Divine celestial bodies) and Kavyam is the food offered to Pithrus (ancestors) as Pindam.

  1. Sastram is a useful to whom?

Ans. Uppermost ignorant and uppermost knowledgable person (Wiseman) does not require Sastram nor useful to them. Whereas, it is useful to only those people in the middle segment (i.e. neither knowledgable nor ignorant) like Samsaris (Family people) who is eager to know the truth!



  1. What is Ajapa Mantra and its secrets (Rahasyam)?

Ans. It chants automatically without any specific chanting effort/method hence it is called Ajapa (Not chanted). When we inhale the power of Siva enters and when we exhale the power of Sakthi disburse. During  this process, a subtle sound is produced called Siva-Sakthi Dhwani or Mantra. This process is called Ajapa Mantra Yogam.

  1. What are the Upadis of Paramathma (Absolute Supreme Brahman)?

Ans. They are Four Upadis viz. 1. Easwara Upadi, 2. Maya Upadi, 3. Jeeva Upadi, 4. Avidhya Upadi.

  1. What is the Upadi of Jeeva (Life Energy)?

Ans. Avidhya or Agyaan (Ignorance), that constituted from afflicted impurity or Asudha Sathwam (Impure consciousness).

  1. What is the Upadi (Substitution/Appearance) of Easwara?

Ans. Maya or Agyaan, it constitutes Sudha Sathwam (Pure consciousness) emerged from God itself.

  1. What is Ojas (Glowing Vitality/Strength)?

Ans. Human bodies are made up of 7 Dhathus (elements) and the Ojass is 8th Dhaathu. How Ojass is seen in a person is explained in the spiritual scriptures that when one gets the Devi Chaithanyam or effulgence or grace, that produce Sakthi (Strength), Mahima (Greatness), Dheepthi (Brilliance), Jeeva Sakthi (Vital Energy Power). In fact, these are the qualities of Ojas.

  1. What is Narak (Hell)?

Ans. Anything and everything is not in your favour it is called Narak. It is also a state or a place.

  1. What is Swarga (Paradise)?

Ans. Anything and everything is in your favour is Swargam. There are two aspects of Swarga. 1. A celestial world (an imaginary place), 2. A state or possession viz. Dhanam (Wealth), Puthra (Children), Mitra (Friends), Pathni (Wife). When these four states are in your favour or under your command, one can realize the Swarga while living in this earth itself.

  1. What is Prakruthi (Nature)?

Ans. There are many explanations about Nature. We will learn this one; an equal contribution of Sathwa-Rajas-Thamas qualities makes the Prakruthi also known as Pradhan. 

 

  1. How many Mantra Naama is referred in Laghu Sthuthi?

Ans. 195,840 Mantras.

  1. How did the Vedas came into existence (Vedothpathi)?

Ans. From Parabrahma Swaroopam the AUM was born (Pranava Mantra), from that Vyaahruthi (mystical utterance) came in, thereafter the Gayathri and Aadi Vedam (Primordial Knowledge) to birth. The Aadi Vedam was divided into 4 parts as Chathurvedam (Rig-Yaju-Sama-Atharvana).

  1. Karpoora (Camphor) light represents what in the rituals?

Ans. It represents the total surrendering (Sarvaswa Samarpan) and the state of egoless (Nirahamkara).

  1. What is the difference between Ghyaanam and Vighyaanam?

Ans. Ghyaan (True Knowledge) means spiritual knowledge and experience whereas Vighyaan (Unreal Knowledge) means material knowledge and unreal experience.

  1. What was revealed through Nigamam (Doctrine)?

Ans. 1. Whenever Dharma (Righteous) declines, one should accept and concludes through Yoga Sakthi that everything is God itself, 2. Whenever Dharma prosper (accelerate), one should accept and concludes through Dharma Anushtaana that God is in everything.  

  1. What are the important roles of Vedas, Smruthi and Puranas in Hindu Dharma?

Ans. Assume that the Hindu Dharma is a mystical palace, of that palace, the foundation is Vedas, hall is Smruthi and Pillars are Puranas.

  1. What is the aim of Ithihasam (Granth)?

Ans. To propagate Vaideeka Dharmam (Ritualistic Knowledge), sustain it as well as demonstrate to the needy.

  1. What is Ithihasam?

Ans. The subtle meanings of the Vedantha doctrines are propagated through stories books, is called Ithihasam. Ramayana and Mahabharatam are Ithihasas.

  1. What is Thanthram (Tactics)?

Ans. Using calculative brain power, an act that should make the surroundings in his/her favour if not make it favourable by force is the function of Thanthram. The final goal of the Thanthrik activities is to realize the Aathma (Aathma Sakshathkaram).  

  1. What is Yanthram (Active Device)?

Ans. A body with life energy in it is a Yanthram, whereas, the same in limitless form is Brahmandam (Galaxy). This Brahmanda’s identical representation in smaller forms are Sri Chakram and Thrikona Chakra Yantras. Yantras will help in strengthening the confidence of a seeker.   

  1. What is the purpose of Mantra (Hymn)?

Ans. Through the repeated chanting one should attain the purity of mind.

  1. How did the Aagamas came into existence?

Ans. Aagama is nothing but Thanthra Sastram. From Lord Siva’s 5 faces a total of 28 Aagamas were born. Out of these 28, 10 Aagamas belongs/referring to Lord Siva and 18 belongs to Rudra.

  1. What is Aagamam (Tamil Vedam)?

Ans. It is considered as the graceful teaching of Lord Siva (Siva Prasad). Those who read and follow will attain liberation (Mokha) by eradicating bondage from transmigration system.

  1. How many Smruthi Granthas exists?

Ans. More than 108 Smruthis were mentioned in the Vedic system. However, only 20 are very important and those 20 Smruthis consists Manusmruthi, Yagnavalkhyasmruthi and Ashtadasa Smruthi.  

  1. According Hindus, what is the approximate age of this world?

Ans. According to Hindu the calculation method of history, it is estimating to the tune of 7 Kalpaas.

  1. What it consists in Sruthi and Smurthi?

Ans. Sruthi = Veda and Upanishads, Smruthi = Vedangam, Dharma Sasthram, Ithihasam, Puranam, Neethi Sasthram, Aachara Vyavaharaas.

  1. Aathma (Soul) has how many Paadhas (state)?

Ans. Four. 1. Jagradh, 2. Swapna, 3. Sushupthi, 4. Thureeyam.

  1. Where are the placement of these 108 Upanishad in our Vedas?

Ans. 10 Upanishads in Rig Veda, 32 in Krishna Yajurveda, 19 in Sukla Yajurveda, 16 in Samaveda, 31 in Atharvanaveda.

  1. How many Upanishad existed in the past?

Ans. 2000+, out of which only 108 Upanishads are now available.

 

  1. How did Upanishad get it’s the name?

Ans. With great reverence, one should sit close to his/her Guru and learn the doctrines of Sruti and Smruthi. Hence it is called Upanishad (Upa=close, Nishad=Sit down and hear).

  1. What is known as Prasthana Thrayam?

Ans. Three sacred authoritative books together called Prasthana (Authority) Thrayam (Three). It is based on the knowledge system to uplift the human race, (from ignorance to knowledge) created by our great sages (Mahathmaas) viz.  Upanishads (Upadesa/Injuctive/Sruti Prasthana 1), Brahma Sutram (Nyaya or Yukti Prasthana 2) and Bhagavad Gita (Smruthi Prasthana 3).

  1. What is Sastram (Scripture)?

Ans. A prescribed knowledge/method that is given in the form of scripture as to what a human should do and what he/she should not do, such knowledge is Sastram.

  1. What is the definition of Vedam?

Ans. Whatever truth that cannot be proved or attained scientifically can be known through the subtle knowledge, that is Vedam.  

  1. What is Vedathvam in Vedas (Thrust of Vedas)?

Ans. Purushartha siddhis (human pursuit) are not achievable nor measurable through scientific methods whereas the Vedas gives method to know that, this is the Vedathvam in Vedas.

  1. What is Atharvana Vedam (Knowledge to practice magic and control spirits)?

Ans. One of the most important Veda to safeguard as well as destroy human race from many odds. Important ritual practice consists of Santhikam, Paushtikam, Aabhicharam etc… to control and conquer Bhootha-Pretha (Evil Spirits) Bhadhas (Adverse effects) and give protection from natural calamities. It also promotes high-end devotion towards God. It has 9 Sakhas (Branches). Atharva Veda Mantras were composed by Angiras, Atharvan, Bhrughu Maharshi and the descenders of their clan. It has 760 Sookthaas and 6000 MantrasSilpa Vedam (Sculpture) and Artha Sastram (Science of Economy) are the Upa Vedas of Atharvana Vedam. Day to day (Mundane life) lifestyle, government and society issues, economic development and political science all included in it. Sage Sumanthu took the responsibility to propagate Atharvana Vedam.  

  1. What is Sama Vedam (Knowledge of Music)?

Ans. Praising/Chanting of God’s name through Vedic Music is the source of Sama Veda. Most of the Sama Veda Mantras are from Rig Veda in Music form. It consists exclusive 75 Mantras and 8 BrahmanaasChandogya and Kenopanishads are bi-product of Sama Veda. Gandharva Veda is the Upa Veda of Sama Vedam. It has 1000 Sakhas (Branches). It includes Kamasastra in it. Somasekharan and Bharathamuni are the Rishis for Gandharva Vedam. Veda Vyasa handed over the responsibility to propagate Sama Vedam to his disciple Jamadagni Maharshi.  

  1. What is Yajur Vedam (Knowledge of Ritual/Sacrificial formulas)?

Ans. Yajur Veda gives importance to Yagna (Ritualistic Sacrifices on Agni). Yajur Vedam has two branches viz. Krishna and Sukla Yajurveda. Between 86 and 109+ branches (sakhas) are the most important ones. Krishna Yajurveda consists of 18,000 Mantras and 700 Anuvakas. Thaithareeya Upanishad is a bi-product of Yajur Vedam. Aswamedham, Agnishtomam and Raajasooyam Yagnas are conducted through Yajurveda Mantras. Sukla Yajurvedam consists of 1900 Mantras, 17 branches (sakhas), 40 Samhitha Chapters (Adhyaayas) and 190 Anuvakaas. Yagna Valkhyan is the Rishi for Yajurveda and Viswamitra Maharshi renewed it from corruption/loss. Dhanur Veda is the sub Veda (Upa Veda) of Yajur Vedam. At the beginning of Krutha Yuga Lord Siva had created this Dhanur Vedam. Sage Veda Vyaas gave this knowledge to Sage Vaisampayana Maharshi to propagate for future generations.

 

  1. What is Ayurvedam (Knowledge or Science of Life energy)?

Ans. Lord Brahma composed Ayurveda and Susrutha Maharshi narrated those compositions of 100,000 slokas into 1000 chapters and taught Aadi Prajapathi. Prajapathi taught this knowledge to Aswini Kumars and Aswini Kumars gave the knowledge to Devendra. From Devendra, Lord Dhanvanthari learned. Lord Dhanvathari brought Amruth (Necter or Medicine to cure illness) to this Universe. Lord Vishnu used Mohini Sakthi to share the Amrutha with Devas (Divine personalities). The inner meaning of this event is that those who live in discipline with a neat and tidy life (unlike Demons/Danavas/Asuras) will live forever. Basically, no illness will attack them to take away their precious life from the body! There is no point in serving the Amruth to unholy, below standard living creatures such as Demons, hence he avoided them. Wise beings always invest in wise personalities only, this is the nature of law.

  1. What is Rig (Hymn/Admiration) Vedam (Described True Knowledge)?

Ans. Rig/Ruk means Admiration of Creator and Knowledge and 1028 Sookthas allocated in 10 Mandalas (Zones). Total 85 Anuvakaas. More than 79 Devada’s Sookthas and their way of worships are narrated in this text. 60+ Chhandhas, 300+ Rishis composed their knowledge and experience into Slokas. Veda Vyaasa gave these entire knowledges to one of his disciple Sage Paula Rishi. Ayurveda is the Upa Veda (SubVersion) of Rig Veda.  

  1. Where Vedas are installed (Prathishta) in human beings?

Ans. 1. At the heart of Brahmacharis, his tongue and in his words (Vaak)

  1. Which are the top most and ancient Granthas (Books) of Jyothi Sastras (Astrology)?

Ans. 1. Rigjyothisham, 2. Yajurjyothisham, 3. Adharvajyothisham.

  1. Who were the top most Astrologers (Jyothishis) of Bharat?

Ans. 1. Aaryabhattan, 2. Varahamiharan, 3. Brahmagupthan, 4. Bhaskaracharyar, 5. Kamalakaran.

  1. Which are the Six Sastras?

Ans. 1. Aagamas, 2. Thanthras, 3. Darsanaas, 4. Puraanas, 5. Ithihasas, 6. Smruthis.

  1. Who should be a Brahmanan (The Priest)?

Ans. Those who learned Vedas and teaching Vedas are the Brahmins. Brahmins should never give up learning and practising Vedas.

  1. What are the Upa Vedas (Sub Vedas)?

Ans. 1. Ayurveda (Life science – From Rig and Atharvana), 2. Dhanurveda (Archery – Yajur), 3. Ghaandarva-Veda (Music – Sama Veda), 4. Artha Sasthra (Economics – Atharvana Veda).

  1. What are the Parambharya Kramams one need to know before reading / reciting Vedas?

Ans. 1. Rishi of the Vedam, 2. Chhandhass, 3. Devatha, 4. Swara Niyamam (Rules for pronunciation).

  1. What are the important three divisions of Vedas?

Ans. 1. Karma Kaandam (Seeking or accumulating knowledge), 2. Upasana Kaandam (Practicing spiritual activities), 3. Ghyaana Kaandam (It provides the knowledge of Iha and Para – present and after death life, understanding the secrets of Jeevathma, Paramathma and Jagath, path to practice and achieve the goal of life).

  1. What are the three stages (Avastha) of Vedas?

Ans. 1. Sthoolam or Prakatanam (Veda Udharanam – Starting stage of knowledge collection in a prescribed manner), 2. Sookshmam or Antharleenam (In-depth stage), 3. Dilution or Asthamanam (Hidden stage).

  1. What are the other names of Vedas?

Ans. 1. Sruthi, 2. Nigamam, 3. Brahmam, 4. Aamnaayam, 5. Chhandhass, 6. Pravachanam, 7. Easwaran.

  1. What is Veda (Described True Knowledge)?

Ans. True knowledge. That is truly experienced the conscious voice of collective knowledge based on Dharma Sastras.

  1. What are the objectives of Smruthi, Puraan and Ithihaasas?

Ans. Even the absent-minded, low IQ and fewer memory people can easily grasp the essence of Vedas through Smuthi, Puraan and Ithihaas. It will convey Veda’s instructions through such lovely stories.

  1. What are the qualifications for learning Vedas?

Ans. 1. Sat Guru Upadesam (Guidance from an experienced and learned scholar), 2. Mana Sudhi (Clear Mind), 3. Anushtanam (Practicing Duties), 4. Thapass (Penance and Meditation).

  1. When is the best time to receive Vedanthopadesam (Initiation for learning Vedantham)?

Ans. The body before it gets afflicted with sin and material sensual pleasure, at the earliest age around 5 years old.

  1. What are the three approaches/remedies (Upaya) to attain Mokham?

Ans. 1. Nishkamya Karmam (Unattached actions), 2. Bhakti (Innocent Devotion), 3. Ghyaanam (True Knowledge).

  1. What is the core difference between Sushupthi and Moksh?

Ans. Human beings will be unconscious during Sushupthi Avastha (stage) whereas in the Mokha state they will be having full conscious.

  1. What is Sushupthi (Deep sleep)?

Ans. The Jeeva (Soul) has five states in that sequence Sushupthi is the 3rd state. This Sushupti is an example or model of Moksham (Liberated).

  1. Why everyone is looking forward to happiness?

Ans. Because the Aathma (Soul) is full of happiness and the Aathma is controlling the body.

 

  1. What is Kshethram and who is Kshethraghnan?

Ans. Easwari / Parasakthi is Kshethram (Temple) and Easwaran is Kshethraghnan (Resident owner of the temple).

  1. Where is the source of Viswa Praana Sakthi (Cosmic Energy)?

Ans. Soorya Mandal (Soorya Aathma Jagatha-stha-sthu-shascha!).

  1. Who is considered as real Bhagavadhotthaman (Supreme Devotee of God)?

Ans. A person who sees God in every being and every being is residing in God itself is a true Bhagavadhothaman.

  1. How different seekers referring to the power of God?

Ans. 1. Karma Nishtaas calls = Devatha, 2. Bhaktas (Devotees) calls = Bhagavan, 3. Ghnaanis calls = Brahmam (Absolute Infinite Power), 4. Yogis calls = Paramathma (Supreme Soul).

  1. What is the purpose of Maya (Unreality)?

Ans. The Maya is a subtle power of Easwara that cause for the Prakruthi to take its desired form in this Universe.

  1. Who is Easwara (God)?

Ans. This cosmic nature is equally mix of Prakruthi (Feminine Power) and Purusha (Masculine Power). In this cosmic world, Easwara is Sachidananda Swaroopan (Sath-Chith-Ananda = the face of absolute Brahman).  

  1. What is Easwara’s Prakruthi Sakthis (Natural Powers of God)?

Ans. They are Eight powers viz. 1. Prithvi (Earth), 2. Jalam (Water), 3. Agni (Fire), 4. Vaayu (Air), 5. Aakasam (Space), 6. Manas (Mind), 7. Budhi (Brain), 8. Ahamkara (Pride or Self Awareness).

  1. What is being enquired by Darsanam and Vignaanam (Science)?  

Ans. The cosmos is filled with Chethanas (Conscious) and Achethanas (Unconscious/lifeless/inanimate). They have the character of Sthoola (Visible Form/Outer) and Sookshma (Subtle Form/Inner). In this context, Darsanas are enquiring about Sookshma Bhavam, whereas Vignaana Bhavam is enquiring about Sthoola Bhavam.      

  1. What is called Darsanam (Philosophy)?

Ans. A fact that is minutely analysed within self to come up with a model theory (Religious Treaties or Doctrine of Scripture) is a Darsan.

  1. What are the important Darsan’s of Hindu philosophy?

Ans. 6 Darsanaas. 1. Saankhya, 2. Yoga, 3. Vaiseshika, 4. Nyaaya, 5. Mimaamsa, 6. Vedantha Darsana.

  1. What are the subjects that Philosophers (Darsanikas) search on?

Ans. Their research is based on 1. Aathma (Soul), 2. Prapancham (Nature), 3. Easwaran (God/Creator).

  1. What are the four important symptoms of Dharma?

Ans. 1 and 2. A rule or a piece of advice that is prescribed in the Sruthi & Smruthi, 3. Wisemen who follow certain protocols, 4. An act that is highly rewardful to one’s own Aathma (Soul).

  1. From where Dharma will be born (Source of Dharma)?

Ans. It emerges from Sadhacharam.

  1. What is Duracharam (Bad Conduct)?

Ans. An act that encourages untruth (Asathya), unrighteous (Adharma) and unrest (Asaanthi) is Duracharam or Anacharam.

  1. What is Sadhacharam (Good Conduct)?

Ans. An act that promotes and synchronize with truth is Sadhacharam.

  1. What is actual knowledge?

Ans. Whatever we know through our brainpower is not true knowledge, but whatever we know through personal experience is actual knowledge.

  1. What is Karma (Action)?

Ans. A person tries to do Yagna (Efforts/service) or for the prosperity/welfare of every living being.

  1. What is Adhyathmam?

Ans. Intuition or the prescience of living beings on Brahman

  1. What are the components that make a Karma?

Ans. 1. Ichha (Desire to do), 2. Vichara (Consult and Analyse), 3. Pravruthi (Action).

  1. What is the biggest benefit of Raja Yogam (A mode of meditation)?

Ans. It unveils the inner and supernatural power of human beings

  1. What are the important Sadanaas of Ghnaana Maargam?

Ans. 1. Nithya-Anithya Vasthu Vivekam (Discrimination power between real and unreal), 2. Vairaghyam (Determination), 3. Mumukshuthwam achieved through Brahma Ghyan, capable of destroying samsara pasam (Liver of transmigration system).

  1. What are the important six wealth (Sambath) of a person?

Ans. Samam, Dhamam, Uparathi, Thitheeksha, Sradha and Samadhanam (details already explained in another context).

  1. What is Matham or Darsan (Religion)?

Ans. A system by which personal and permanent relationship created between eternal life energy (Jeevan) and eternal God is the real the Matham. 

  1. What are the three obstacles that block the progress of spiritual life?

Ans. 1. Lyingiga Swabhavam (Desires for sexual pleasure), 2. Ahambhavam (Pride/Egoistic), 3. Sanghabhavam (Bad Company/Association).

  1. What are the Nava Vyuhams (Nine Transposition/Formation) of Para Sakthi?

Ans. 1. Kaalam (Time), 2. Kulam (Clan), 3. Naamam (Hymns), 4. Vidya (Knowledge), 5. Manas (Mind), 6. Naadam (Sound), 7. Bindu (Center), 8. Kala (Portion), 9. Jeevan (Life energy). This is also considered as nine properties of the divine mother Parasakthi. 

  1. How many Pradakshinam (Circumference) to be performed for Gods?

Ans. Ganapathy = 1, Soorya = 2, Sivan = 3, Vishnu = 4, Sastha/Ayyappan = 5, Subramanian = 6, Baghavathi = 7, Aal/Peepal Tree = 7 and above (For Peepal tree only from morning till sun set).

  1. How one should salute (Vandan) the other?

Ans. All Vandan must be done by folding both hands together in Namasthe Mudra. 1. God = Folded hands must be raised above the head by stretching up to 12 Angulam, 2. Guru = Straight forehead, 3. Father and Kings = Straight lips, 4. Relatives and Friends = Straight chest, 5. Own Mother = Straight Abdomen.  

  1. What is the real Karma Bhoomi (Land of Deeds)?

Ans. Samsara (Transmigration system/family life).

  1. Who is the real Ghnaani (Wise/One who possessing wisdom)?

Ans. An uninterrupted devoted individual who always sees God in everything, wish to hear only about God, talk only about God, see and experience only about God, such a person will be known as Adhwaithy and he will become God itself.

  1. Who all will fall in the web of Kaama (Lust)?

Ans. 11 members who will eventually fall in the web of Kaama.They are 8 types Deva Yoni births, 1 Manusha (Human) Yoni birth, 1 Pasu (Animal) Yoni birth, 1 Pakshi (Birds) Yoni birth.  

 

  1. What are the important Karma Yogas?

Ans. They are Five. 1. All Aasrama Dharmas based on the Sastra Scriptures, 2. Yagnam (Havan and Sacrificing Lust and Desires), 3. Dhaanam (Charity), 4. Vrutham (Fasting), 5. Dharma Pracharam (Spreading or preaching virtues to others to follow).    

  1. What are the important Yoga Maargas?

Ans. They are 4, 1. Karma Yogam, 2. Bakti Yogam, 3. Ghnaana Yogam, 4. Raaja Yogam. Please note all Yogas will have some influence of other Yoga within one Yogam.

  1. Who is Sadhakan / Sadhak (Seeker)?

Ans. A person who travels and lives in a Yoga Maargam (Path of Yoga) is Sadhakan. The Yoga maargam will identify the Self / Jeemathma in an individual to be united with the Supreme Self / Paramathma of the Cosmic world.

  1. What is Yogam (Divine Unity)?

Ans. There are many types of Yogam prescribed in the scriptures. Two important Yogams are popularly known to us are 1. A person’s life is nurtured or groomed as per the law of Dharmic activities will be tuned to unite with Paramathma (God) is called Yogam (Jeevathma uniting with Paramathma – both are consciously done), 2. An understanding that the human’s civilized life and its ultimate goal is to realize Paramasathya Praapthi (Uniting with absolute truth – Paramathma). To achieve this status, one must get ready and prepare himself/herself. This attempt is also known as Yogam (This is also one condition of Sadhana Chathushtayam).  

  1. What is the Utsav Kalam (Celebration period) of Pithrus (Ancestors)?

Ans. 10 days period known as “Mahalaya” during the months of Kanya (Sep/Oct) and Kumba (Feb/Mar), Krishna Paksha Shashti to Amavasya (10 days).

  1. What is Sadhacharam (Good Conducts)?

Ans. Whatever activities conducted or followed by Wisemen/holy personalities by adhering righteous is Sadhacharam.

  1. Who is Pandithan (Pandit / Knower)?

Ans. Learning all scriptures religiously and become knowledgeable about Dharma (Virtues), Artha (Wealth), Kaama (Desires) and Moksha (Salvation/Liberation) is real Pandithan.

  1. What is called Purushartha Sidhi?

Ans. A person after achieving all the knowledge and experience systematically prescribed to each Aasrama (Brahmacharyam, Grihastha, Vanaprastha and Sanyasi) will realize the Aathma Thathwam, this is known as Purushartha Sidhi.

  1. What are the fundamental duties of Thri Varnis (3 sects out of 4)?

Ans. 1. Soodra Karma = Sevana Dharmam (Serving others), 2. Vaisya Karma = Agriculture, Protecting and Nurturing Animals, Business, 3. Kshatriya Karama = Sauryam (Strength), Tejas (Glowing body), Dhairyam (Brave), Samarthya (Smart), No running backwards from the war field, Dhaanam (Charity) and Prabhuthwam (Rich and Prosperous).

  1. What are the qualifications to be a Braahman (Priest sect)?

Ans. Those who possess or adhere and follow 7 important unavoidable principles/truth are Brahmins. Those qualities are 1. Sathyam (Truthfulness), 2. Dhaanam (Charity giving and accepting), 3. Kshama (Patience), 4. Sadhacharam (Virtuous/Good Conducts), 5. Santhi (Peaceful), 6. Thapass (Penance/Meditator), 7. Dhaya (Compassion).

  1. Who are the five personalities, that accept or receive satisfaction from Gruhasthaasramies?

Ans. 1. Rishis (Sages), 2. Pithrus (Ancestors), 3. Devathaas (Divine Personalities), 4. Bhoothaas (Five elements and other living beings), 5. Athidhis (Guests).

  1. Who are the real guests (Adhithis)?

Ans. They are 5 types of people viz. 1. Paropakaris (Broadminded / Assisting others without any expectations), 2. Vidhwaans (Learned persons), 3. Jithendriyas (Conquerer of sensual pleasures), 4. Dharmishtaas (Righteous people), 5. Vishaya Virakthaas (Desireless people). When one or all these people visit someone’s house without any pre-intimation, then they are called actual guests. Pre-booking visitors are not guests and they don’t get the status of “Athidhi Devo Bhava”.

  1. What is called Pithru Yagnam?

Ans. Unfortunately, in today’s world, the Pithru Yagnam is considered as a ritual for the dead person or relatives. It is a service to be given to all types of elderly people or the needy person while they are alive. Again, upon their death, remembering them and recalling their good quality works and contributions to the family and society etc… is considered as Pithru Yagnam. Also, on their behalf, some offerings are to be made to Veda Purushas, Mahatmas or Brahmins or poor people so that their Souls will get peace of mind. Do you know what is that peace of mind? The Soul will be happy by seeing the efforts and offerings made by his children to the needy on their behalf. This is the actual peace of mind for (RIP) the Soul.   

  1. What is called Tharpan or Tharpanam?

Ans. Matha, Pitha, Pithamahan, Guru, Ancient Ghnaanis (Gnaana Vrudhaas) are considered to be Gurujanas (Respectable Personalities). Some offerings given to them through living persons which will make them happy and satisfy is called Tharpanam. Usually done by offering water, food and adorable items.

  1. What is the meaning of Sraardham (Obligations to Ancestors)?

Ans. A family member (bloodline relative) with greatest reverence, dedication and affection offers a service or food to his/her ancestors (Pithrus) on a specific day is called Sraardham. Sastras designated Veda Purushas or Mahatmas or Brahmins to accept these offerings on behalf of Pithrus.

  1. How living beings are born from the start of creation?

Ans. From Brahman the Vedas are born, from Vedas, Karmas and from Karma Yagnams are conducted, that cause the Rain and from Rain Annam (consumables) are generated. From the food, all beings are born by eating the same food. Food was kept ready by God before the living beings were born. Vedas says Annaha Jeevasya Kaaranam!

  1. What are the types of mainline Sanyaasis?

Ans. They are two types 1. Saadhakan, 2. Siddhan or Paramahamsa.

  1. How does a Sanyaasi realizing the Aathma Thathwam?

Ans. First, let us know the status of a Sanyasi. He/She is the most favourable person of God, in other words, he/she is known as Paramopasakan of Paramathma. It happens through a chronological sequence viz: From Moola Prakruthi Parasakthi the Sun gets his the required energy to run Soorya Lok along with other planets and stars etc., from Sun the rain clouds get formed and due to rain all Oushada-Sasyaadis (Plants) will sprout, and the plants produce consumable grains, leaf and fruits etc…, that will give birth to Praana along with Balam (Strength), Thapass (Meditation/Penance), Sradha (Concentration), Sathya-Jighnyaasa (Interest to know the real absolute truth), Bhudhi (Brain), Vichara Sakthi (Think and Discriminative power), Ghnaanam (Knowledge), Santhi (Peace), Chethana/Chith Sakthi (Consciousness), Smruthi (Memory), Poorvapara Ghnaanam (Knowledge of past) and finally Vighnaanam (Special scientific or Sastra Knowledge) which will eventually help the seeker to realize that the entire universe is part and the parcel of one Supreme Power (Paramathma).  The Self (Aathma) and the Supreme Soul (Paramathma) are the same. This is called Aathma Sakshathkaram (Realization of Soul).

 

  1. What are the fundamental qualification for a Sanyasi (Renounced person)?

Ans. 3 conditions must be met and mastered. 1. Saadhana Sampoornatha (successful training on Sadhana Chathushtayam), 2. Vairagya (Determination), 3. Sankalpa Dhaardyam (Firm Resolution to attain Moksha or Realize Aathma).  

  1. What is the age limits set for Brahmachayam for men and women?

Ans. For Men, the lowest period is up to the age of 24 and a maximum of 44 years, whereas for Women the lowest period is up to the age of 16 and a maximum of 24 years is recommended. Both need to undergo Brahmacharyaa-sramam only up to these years.

  1. What are the important Kaama Bhogam is practised in life?

Ans. 8 Types. 1. Either man or woman thinking about their opposite sex with an intention of quenching their sexual thirst, 2. Talking sensual issues, 3. Touching each other, 4. Intercourse, 5. Looking at each other for a long time, 6. Hugging each other, 7. Staying together exclusively, 8. Encountering or meeting privately.

  1. What are the Swaraas used for Sanskrit Mantras?

Ans. Mainly 4. They are 1. Anuthattham (lowering sound), 2. Uthattham (peaking sound), 3. Swaritham (turn up sound), 4. Prasyam (equal sound). These are practised during the chanting of a Mantra Sloka.

  1. Who is the mother of Aakasam (Space/Sky)?

Ans. According to Thaithareeya Upanishad “Aathma” is the mother of Aakash. It says “Aathmanaha Aakaasa Sambootha”.

  1. What is Punya (Holy) and Paapa (Sin) according to Neethi Sastram?

Ans. When you separate mind from the impurities and immorality it is called Punyam and when the mind is involved in impure, unethical and immoral activities that are called Paapam.

  1. When is the dawn period of Deva Lok (Divine world)?

Ans. When the Maarga Seersha Month (Dhanu/Maargazhi) begins, earth time between 4 and 6 am throughout the month is dawn (Usha Kaal) period in Deva Lok. I.e. the whole month of Dhanu is only 2 hours of Deva Lokam x 12 months makes one full day in Deva Lok.

  1. Who are the Samskaris (Cultured People)?

Ans. A person who mastered the right or true virtue after learning good conducts (Achaara Sudhi) thoroughly and systematically is a cultured person. This practice must be within (Manasikam) as well as casual (Naimithikam). 

  1. What are the Shodasa Samskaras (16 Sacraments) of Hindu system?

Ans. Saints are very carefully selected 16 activities that can enhance and liberate the Soul from transmigration system. Some activities are particularly designed for the Aathma to experience the consequences so that it will achieve its Poornathwam (100% satisfaction) i.e. to come out of any leftover desire. I am specifically mentioning this sentence to avoid confusion because some activities that look like it is going to pull you back into transmigration system. Let us learn those Samskaras: 1. Gharbha Dhanam (Insemination/Fertilization), 2. Pumsavanam (Quickening of the fetus for a male child, so that the family tree will grow, however, nothing against the female child!) during the 2nd or 3rd month of pregnancy, 3. Seemanthonnayanam (parting the hair in two sides of the head of pregnant woman) conducted during the 4 to 6 months of pregnancy for the mental development of the baby, 4. Jathakarmam (welcoming the newborn child to the world by his father and say AUM/OM to the child’s ears, ideally it should be done before cutting the umbilical cord), 5. Namakaranam (Naming ceremony to be done on the 1st day or 101st day of birth), 6. Nishkramanam (Child coming out of the birth house between 3 and 4 months, usually the first visit should be going to Kula Devatha temple), 7. Annaprasanam (Intaking first grain food in 6th month, birth Thidhi day), 8. Choodakaranam (To be done in Utharayanam, Sukla Paksham, 3rd year – removing or replacing the bangles adorned by the child’s mother which was given to her during the Pumsavana-Seemanthonnayanam ceremony), another approach of the same function for the child is called Chowlam, that the parents will allow the child to keep its initial hair as tilt (Sikha) and remove rest of the hairs from the head, this itself looks like a crest or crown for the child, 9. Upanayanam (Wearing Yagnopaveetham/Sacred thread and getting Brahma Upadesam from Guru or father, to be conducted between the age of 5 and 12 years period), 10. Vedarambam (Learning Vedas under a competent Guru within 1 year from the Upanayanam day), 11. Samavarthanam (Attending the exam given by the Guru and finally return to parental house), 12. Vivaham (Getting married to a most eligible girl), 13. Gaarhapathyam (Maintaining Yagnaa-Agni, a sacred fire lighted on the day of marriage for Oupasana Havan), 14.  Vanaprastha (Ascending towards the forest for solitudes and practice meditation after giving up family life, the wife can also follow husband, ideally after the age of 60+ / 3rd the face of 120 human life span or when he became a grand father), 15. Sanyaasam (Renunciation ceremony to liberate the Soul from transmigration), 16. Andhyeshti (Sareera Dhahanam / cremation of mortal remains if Jeevan Mukthi is attained then burial is allowed because of his/her DNA is needed in this earth to create more such noble people).

  1. How many Samskarams are established in Bharat (India)?

Ans. From the Vedic period till now, there are important 16 Samskaras (Shodasa Samskarams) being practised in Bharat. These Samskaras practised to enhance the purpose of life and achieve the goal, which is nothing but Moksham (Liberation). According to Sastras, there are 43 Hindu Samskaras.

  1. What is Samskaram (Good Culture)?

Ans. According to Rig Veda, the conduct that removes the Adharma caused by impurity and sin is called Sreshta Samskaram. In other words, Paapa and Dosha (Sin and Impurity) are the products of Adharma (Unrighteousness).

  1. What is the meaning or gist of Dharma?

Ans. A celestial truth that gives shelter to the universe and conduct its routine work carefully is the Dharma.

  1. What are the important Sanathana Dharmas (Immortal truth/righteous)?

Ans. 17 superior qualities that make a person perfect in all respects. They are Sathyam (Truth), Samathwam (Equality), SwAthanthyram (Freedom), Neethi (Justice), Vidhya (Knowledge), Sneham (Love), Sahavarthithwam (Live together), Thyaagam (Sacrifice), Dhaanam (Charity), Dhaya (Compassion), Sama-DhamaVeeryam (Vital Power), Dhairyam (Brave), Kshama (Patience), Sudhi (Purity), Bhakti (Devotion), Aykhyam (Unity/United).

  1. What is actual education?

Ans. Achieving Chaarithra Sudhi (Good Conduct).

  1. What are the important Dharmas (Righteous) that consists Sanathana Dharma?

Ans. 8 Dharmas viz. 1. Sathya Dharma, 2. Vaidheeka Dharma, 3. Vedantha Dharma, 4. Aarsha Dharma, 5. Manava Dharma, 6. Aarya Dharma, 7. Bharatha Dharma, 8. Hindu Dharma.

  1. What is the core duty of Hindu Dharma?

Ans. It is a lifestyle concept-based on Dharma Neethi (Righteous Principles) to extend helping hands towards all living beings irrespective of their religion, caste and creed. 

  1. Who created Hindu Religion and their holy books?

Ans. Religion = Known as Sanathana Dharma (Sanathana Dharma was originated from Sri Chakram of Moola Prakruthi Parasakthi. Actually, Sanatana Dharma is not a religion, it is a civilized way of life), Sthaapakan = Sachidhananda Swaroopa Easwaran, Grantham/Holy Books = Vedas the reservoir or storehouse of true knowledge and science.

  1. What is real Matham (Religion)?

Ans. Upliftment or enlightenment of the Soul is actual Matham. In other words, due to the reward of sacred and devoted Karma that prompts the Soul (or a person) to become absolutely pure or mature or awaken. Unless this real change did not happen in a person, he/she is not a religious person at all. This is the conclusion of Sastras.

  1. What is Matham (Religion) means?

Ans. The root word “Math” is the cause for Matham (Religion) in other words “Believed or Regarded as” stands for Matham. It is also a state of the brain or it is an opinion of certain people.

  1. When did the Christianity and Islam came into existence?

Ans. 2550 years (as on 2019) before, after the Bhudha period, it came into existence. Both are depending on an individual’s proclamation. 

 

  1. Who is true Hindu or who could qualify to say I am a Hindu?

Ans. 1. A person must take birth in Bharatha Desam, 2. He/She should have a basic understanding of Sanathana Dharma Sastras and Adhyathmic Darsanas (Vision and Philosophy of divinity and spiritual practices), 3. He/She should accept and practice these Sastras and Darsanas is his/her own Swadharma either partially or full, 4. Must consider and respect that the Bharatha Bhoomi is his/her own motherland (Mathru Bhoomi) as well as the holy land (Punya Bhoomi) in this Earth.

Another option: A person who punish appropriately to those who try to destroy Sanathana Dharmas also called Hindu.  

  1. Who is the real Sanyasi (Renouncer)?

Ans. A person with a firm conviction that no one is there other than self is real sanyasi. Especially a true understanding that no mother, father, wealth, money, relatives, friends, brothers, sisters and properties etc to me!

  1. How does one become Agnaani (Ignorant from true knowledge)?

Ans. There are six robbers always roaming around everyone called “Shad Vairies” to grab the true knowledge from us. Be careful to protect and sustain true knowledge. Only the mind, buddhi and soul knows these true knowledge.

  1. What causes the Karma Bhandham (duty bindings)?

Ans. Mainly desire (Aasa) that generates new work/actions, such actions will reward merit or demerit which will push the Soul to take repeated births and deaths. Finding the other end is quite difficult. This is called transmigration system. Most of the Bharata Rishis have done their research to put a full stop to this process besides giving their vision and conclusion on other science subjects.

  1. What is the main obstacle that stops achieving Moksham (Liberation)?

Ans. Transmigration that promotes birth and ageing of life.

  1. What is even more important than Praan (Life)?

Ans. Kuladharmam (duties of own race/family) and Sajjana Samsargam (the company of wise men).

  1. What should be acquired by human beings for a great life?

Ans. 4 divine assets – 1. Vidhya (Knowledge), 2. Balam (Strength), 3. Sathkeerthi (Good popularity) and 4. Punyam (Holy credits/rewards).

  1. What is the important Theertham (Sacred or Ascetic Water) in life?

Ans. The water that can wash and clean the impurities of Mind is the number one sacred water.

  1. What is the life goal of Hindu?

Ans. Realizing, Interacting, Seeing and becoming God itself. In other words, merging with God to become full and perfect. Until this happens, he or she is imperfect.

  1. Who are the children and wife of Agni Devan (God of Fire)?

Ans. Children = Dhaakshinam, Gaarhapathyam, Aahavaneeyam and Consort = Swahaa Devi.

  1. How did Adi Sankara created or formed the Adhvaitha Matham (Philosophy)?

Ans. Based on Uthara Meemaamsa – Jgnaana Kandam – Upanishads. They revealed its core principles of absolute truth. This is the basis for Adhvaitha Philosophy.

  1. When is Pasu i.e. Jeeva/Soul (casual living being just like an animal) becoming Human being?

Ans. Only due to sheer discrimination (Vivekam) and thinking (Chintha) practice and Soul get elevated to Human being.

  1. What the body or constitution of Brahman?

Ans. AUM

  1. Which quarter (Dik) is the best for prayer?

Ans. Facing East or North quarter.

  1. What is called “Brahmapuram” on this earth?

Ans. The human body is called the Brahmapuram. The Absolute Brahman (Paramathma) enter the Brahmandam (Cosmic body/Universe) is in the form of Jeeva (Soul or Aathma).

  1. Why people need to pray or why people must pray?

Ans. The mind is the deity as well as the devotee. There is no God bigger than Mind (Manas). Therefore, the devotee wants to be the mind of Deity (God) and merge in his/her deity (God) itself.

  1. What are the goals of Puranaas (Ancient Ethics)?

Ans. The truth and knowledge are hidden secretly inside the Vedas and Upanishads. Such secrets to be revealed to the public in a story form is the primary aim of Puranaas.

  1. What is the speciality and uniqueness of Bhilva Tree?

Ans. This tree bears fruits without sprouting its flower! Due to this reason it is also known as Vanaspathi (The scholar or celestial tree in the forest).

  1. What are the 3 Pramanaas (Sources) that lead all Devi Upasakas?

Ans. 1. Prathyaksham (Nidhidhyasanam) – Dhakshinamaargam, 2. Anumanam (Mananam) – Utharamaargam, 3. Saabdham (Sravanam) – Brahmamaargam.

  1. What are the names of Krishna Paksha Thidhis?

Ans. From Prathama to Amavasya (1 to 15 Thidhis): 1. Prasthutha, 2. Visthutha, 3. Samsthutha, 4. Kalyana, 5. Viswaroopa, 6. Sukra, 7. Amrutha, 8. Thejaswi, 9. Thejass, 10. Samidh, 11. Aruna, 12. Bhanumath, 13. Mareechimath, 14. Abhithapath, 15. Thapaswath.

  1. What are the names of Sukla Paksha Thidhis?

Ans. From Prathama to Poornima (1 to 15 Thidhis): 1. Samghnaanam, 2. Vignaanam, 3. Pragnaanam, 4. Janath, 5. Abhijanath, 6. Sankalpamaanam, 7. Prakalpamaanam, 8. Upakalpamaanam, 9. Upakalpitham, 10. Kliptham, 11. Sreya, 12. Vaseeyam, 13. Aayatham, 14. Sambhootham, 15. Bhootham.

  1. What is called “Karma Vairudhyam” (Against True Karma)?

Ans. Leaving or disrespecting or not making an effort to understand own Dharma (Truthful deed) at the same time showing interest in learning or practising other’s Dharma is called Karma Vairudhyam. God has given us life into a set of family and situation for us to overcome shortfalls and uplift our Karma to get a better life. No religion or practices will be helpful than one’s own. This is mainly applicable for religious practice!

  1. Which is the vital place in the Human body for the Jeevan (Life)?

Ans. From Nose tip to next 15 inches (15 Angulam) downward portion is a most auspicious and important place.   

  1. What is Saanthi (Peace)?

Ans. Stability and equilibrium of Mind are called Santhi. Generally, Santhi is compared with Mind however, there are plenty of different types of Santhi in human life.

  1. What are the 8 forms or status of Sri Devi that directly reflect on humans?

Ans. 8 elements that make human perfectly great as well as achieve and enjoy a comfortable life and finally attain Mukthi. They are 1. Budhi, 2. Keerthi, 3. Dhruthi, 4. Lakshmi, 5. Sakthi, 6. Sradha, 7. Ghyaani, 8. Smruthi. They are also known as Ashta Maathaas.

  1. What are the Pradoshams (Corrupt/Disordered conditions of Atmosphere)?

Ans. They are 5 types. 1. Nithya Pradhosham (The period of 3 hours before the Sunset and till Stars rises), 2. Paksha Pradosham (Sukla Paksha Chathurthi Sandhya/Dusk time), 3. Maasa Pradosham (Krishna Paksha Thrayodhasi Sandhya), 4. Maha Pradosham (Krishna Paksha Thrayodhasi falling on Sani Vaara Sandhya) and 5. Pralaya Pradosham (Pralayakala Sayam Sandhya – we won’t able to witness this horrible Pradosham). Note: Siva Bhajanam is auspicious during these bad times.

  1. Which day Lord Paramasiva consumed the Halahala Poison (Visham)?

Ans. Saturday (Mandha Vaaram).

  1. Where are the Omkara Mandalas in the Human body?

Ans. Mooladharam = Aa, Anahatham = Oo, Aaghnaa = Ma = makes AUM…

  1. Who are the significators or contributors of Pancha Praana Vaayus?

Ans. Those significators are: Praanan = Sooryan (Sun), Apaanan = Chandran (Moon), Vyaanan = Sani (Saturn), Udhanan = Guru (Jupiter), Samanan = Angarakan (Mars). As we know these Pancha Praanaas (5 vital air energies) are inevitable for the beings to live in this Earth and every being gets a portion of the respective Vital Air Element from these planets. Baratheeya Rishis have identified the role of these important planet’s relationship with humans and started respecting them by way of worship. Besides these 5 Vital Praanas, there are 5 Upa Praanaas (Naagan, Koorman, Krikaran, Devadathan, Dhananjayan). Among them 2 Upa Pranaa contributors are Dhananjayan = Sukran (Venus) and Krikaran = Budhan (Mercury).

  1. What is the size of a Cosmic Universe (Brahmandam)?

Ans. It is only one by the fourth portion of Paramathma

  1. How this Universe (Cosmic) is moving (Prapancha Bhramanam)?

Ans. The celestial power behind this secret is called “HAMSA”. The functionaries of HAMSA is HA the Siva Moolakam (Attribution of Siva) known as Oordhwa Vaayu and SA the Sakthi Moolakam (Attribution of Sakthi) known as Adho Vaayu send their forces/pressure from different poles (sides). There will be a vacuum between one end to the other is called AM (Anuswaram or Prapancham). In other words, Siva and Sakthi is making the movement or controls the speed of this Universe. Please note Siva and Sakthi are constant, only the in-between space “Prapancha” is moving, such space will keep expanding or even contrast depends upon the wish of Siva and Sakthi’s Force.  

  1. What is the difference between Jeevan and Aathma?

Ans. The Knowledge of “I” (Aham) attitude or existence is called Jeevan, whereas, the reflective Chaithanyam (Consciousness) from Paramathma (Absolute Brahman) is reflected or known through our individual Brain (Budhi) is called Aathma.

  1. How Brahma Lokam or Hiranya Gharbham was created in the first instance?

Ans. When the Creator Paramathma, manifested Aakasam (Space), Vayu (Air) and Agni (Fire) a brightest celestial world got created and this world was given to Lord Brahma as his homeland for creating life in the Earth (Sthavara and Jangamam), which is also manifested by Paramathma by including Water and Earth Mass so that living beings can move around and seek salvation.

  1. What is the cause for Samsarabandham (Transmigration System) or how does it happen?

Ans. This Jeevan (Soul) after taking so many births in different worlds in different forms, finally land on Earth. However, the creator wants to give a chance for this Aathma to unite with Paramathma. Whereas, after the birth on this earth, the person will be eventually dragged into the network of Maya (Illusions) and Antha Viswas (Misconception or superstitious) – This is another trap of the Earth yet, the intelligent person can escape from it by realizing the absolute truth. Please remember, this earthly trap will not allow the person easily to grab true knowledge and realize absolute truth. In this context, the Jeeva will fail to overcome and again ask for another chance and it keeps repeating for many births called Samsara Bhandam. 

  1. What is the reason or cause for getting Mukthi?

Ans. Good and holy deeds of previous Janma (births) will encourage the person to seek true knowledge and get salvation in this life to attain liberation. In other words, the brain will towards attaining Mukthi.

  1. Who has the eligibility to attain Liberation (Mukthi) and its qualifications?

Ans. Only humans can attain Moksham (Liberation) not even Devas can achieve this privileged status in this Brahmandam. The qualification for this is Ghyaan (realizing true knowledge about absolute Brahman). Due to this reason, humans are high class among all other creations.

  1. How does a baby get established in the womb of a woman?

Ans. 6 months is needed to create a functional human body in the womb. During the 7th month, Jeevan along with Ahamkara will enter (till such time only pulsing is happening called Spandhanam).  

 

  1. Who is Jeevaathma (Individual Soul)?

Ans. A union of Aathma and Ahamkaram is called the individual soul or Jeevaathma.

  1. What is Aathma (Soul)?

Ans. Parabrahman (Absolute Truth) reflects on the Antha Karanaas (Manas, Bhudhi, Chitham and Ahamkaram). That reflected Chaithanyam (Consciousness) is called Aathma.

  1. What is called Darsanam (Vision or Doctrine)?

Ans. A scientific method or a vision that establishes the truth that the Knower and Knowing must possess the knowledge. This scientific ideology is known as Darsanam.    

  1. What is called Moham (Desire)?

Ans. A desire that goes after the perishable or mortals is called Moha.

  1. What is Bhodham (Consciousness)?

Ans. The power that binds the relationship between Indriyaas and Indriya Vishayaas with the Jeevathma.

  1. What are the stages of Samadhi (Trance/Accomplishment)?

Ans. 5 Stages known as 1. Saamyam (Trying to find Equilibrium between Jeevathma and Paramathma, still duality exists), 2. Layam (Clinging – started to lose existence yet mind is active), 3. Vinasam (Dissolution – duality is lost), 4. Athyantha Bhaavam (Infinite mood), 5. Eyekhyam (Merge in nothingness – No Jeevathma and Paramathma relations).                                                 

  1. What are the Thre Seats/Status of Gayathri Devi?

Ans. When in Sthoola Roopa she is known as Vyaahruthi, during Sookshma Roopa Sandhya and during Kaarana/Para Roopa she is known as Thathwaasanaa.

  1. What is Praanan (Subtle Life Energy)?

Ans. First, understand that the breath is not Praanan. Praanan is a subtle energy that gives Sakthi (Energy) to all the atoms (Annus) inside our body and makes them functional. The second vital function of the Praanan is to travel between Eda (A nerve with Moon energy) and Pingala (A nerve with Sun energy) Naadi (Nerve) and earn a new name called “Aadhyaathma Praanan”. This is experienced through Yoga and Kundalini Practice. Most of the humans won’t experience this joy.

  1. What are the rules to be followed while Pradhakshinam?

Ans. 5 important rules to be followed 1. While doing the Prashakshinam the Idol/Moothi must be on your right-hand side (Clockwise/right to left), 2. Must walk very slow, 3. Maintain silence, 4. Not to shake hands, 5. The mind must be filled with the form of that temple deity.

  1. How many Pradhakshinam to be done for different deities?

Ans. For Ganapathy 1, Sooryan 2, Sivan 3, Maha Vishnu and Devi 4, Pippala Tree 7 times.

  1. What are the benefits achieved when you do circumambulation (Pradakshinam) in a temple at different timings?

Ans. During Early Morning = Asuka Aprathyaksham (Disappearance of Ailments from the body), During Afternoon = Udhishta Kaarya Sidhi (Success or fulfilment of desires appeared in the mind), During Evening Sandhya (The Soul will achieve liberation from transmigration).

  1. Which is the biggest properties a human should possess?

Ans. They are 6. 1. Samam (Calmness), 2. Dhamam (Self Control), 3. Thitheeksha (Tolerance), 4. Uparathi (High-level true knowledge), 5. Sradha (Faith/Trust), 6. Samadhaanam (Peace).

  1. How the qualities (Guna) became the deities?

Ans. The entire universe is enveloped by the Gross Thamas. From Thamas 3 qualities such as Sathwam, Rajas and Thamas were separated to stand out for specific duties. Again, from the same Gross Thamas, Sthoola (Mass/Matter) Deha will be created as Brahma, then Linga Deha as Vishnu and Sookshma / Kaarana Deha as Rudran. Sridevi Parasakthi will give energy or life to all these manifested beings as Thuriya Aathma.  

  1. What is the definition of Maya and Thamass quality?

Ans. Maya is the inner face of Brahman whereas Thamas is the outer the face of Maya.

  1. Who is Agni Devan (Deity of Fire)?

Ans. Agni Deva is the face of all Devas.

  1. How many times Pooja (Worship) to be conducted in a Temple under the worship method of Thanthra Sastram?

Ans. Five types of Poojas to be conducted viz. 1. Usha Pooja (Early morning before Sunrise), 2. Ethiraattu Pooja (When Sun race touches the idol, applicable on to east facing temples), 3. Pantheeradi Pooja (Around 10 AM when the Sun positioned at 12 feet above the installed Idol/Deity of the temple), 4. Uchha Pooja (Afternoon worship by 1 pm), 5. Athaazha Pooja (Post dusk). Please note Aagama system based Tamil Nadu temple follow 6 types of Pooja called Shadkaala Pooja.

  1. What is called Vaishnava Thanthra Sastram?

Ans. It is known as “Samhitha”.

  1. What is called Aagamas?

Ans. It is nothing but Siva and Sakthi Thanthra Sastras. Also known as Vedas in Tamil or Tamil Vedam.

  1. What are the important divine symbols or imprints in a Yanthram (Magical Divine Diagram)?

Ans. It consists of 10 imprints. They are 1. Jeevan (Life), 2. Praanan (Aathma), 3. Sakthi (Power), 4. Nethram (Eyes), 5. Srothram (Ears), 6. Yanthra Gayathri (Diagram Coding), 7. Manthra Gayathri (Source of Power), 8. Praana Prathishta (Invoking life energy), 9. Bhootha Bheejam (Seed of the body/mass), 10. Dikpalaka Bheejam (Affixing Lords of Quarters).

  1. What is Time (Kaalam/Samayam)?

Ans. The gap between the two aspects or view is Time.

  1. What are the ingredients used to make Guruthi (a blood substitute liquid) for Bhadra Kali Pooja?

Ans. It is a mix of 7 items (Dhravyaas). 1. 4-litre water, 2. 1 litre Turmeric powder, 3. 1-litre Calcium hydroxide (Chunnambu), 4. 250 ml rice flakes (Avil), 5. 250 ml puffed rice (Pori/Malar), 6. 250 ml tharippanam (shattered pieces), 7. Few red Thechi flowers.

  1. What is the Shad Prayogaas (6 Practices/Experiments)?

Ans. 1. Santhi (Peaceful activities/Samana Kriya), 2. Vasyam (being under control/fall for the speech), 3. Sthambanam (Paralyse/motionless), 4. Vidhweshanam (Create misunderstandings among enemies), 5. Uchadanam (Terminating), 6. Maaranam (Removing the life/killing).

  1. What are the Angas (Pillars) of Thanthram (Technique/Authority)?

Ans. They are 4. 1. Manthropasana Vidhi (Making perfection through chanting hymn), 2. Purascharana Vidhi (Preparation methodology), 3. Yanthralekhana Vidhi (Practising to design magical diagram/designs), 4. Prayoga Vidhi (Rules for practice/action).

  1. What are the basics for the formation of Hindu Law in Bharat?

Ans. They are based on 4 Smruthis: 1. Parasara Smruthi, 2. Yagnavaakhya Smruthi, 3. Manusmruthi, 4. Narada Smruthi.

  1. How many religions existed from time immemorial?

Ans. There were 72. During the period of Adi Sankaracharya defeated 66 and eradicated from this Aaryavarth and left 6 religions to grow. They are Saivam, Vaishnavam, Ganapathyam, Saktham, Kaumaram and Sauram (Siva, Vishnu, Ganapathy, Sakthi, Subramanian and Sooryan).

  1. What are the Six Qualities (Shadangathwam) of Lord Paramasivan?

Ans. 1. Sarwaghnathwam (Custodian of all knowledge), 2. Thrupthi (Full satisfaction), 3. Aathmaghnaanam / Anaadhibhodham (Knowledge of Self), 4. Swathanthratha (Freedom/Liberated), 5. Aksheena Sakthi (Power of non-perishing), 6. Nithyathwam (Immortal/Everliving). 

 

  1. What is the Shad Rasam (6 Tastes)?

Ans. 1. Madhuram (Sweet), 2. Amlam (Sour), 3. Katu (Spicy), 4. Lavanam (Salty), 5. Kashayam (Astringent), 6. Thiktham (Pungent/Bitter).

  1. What is the power of Maya uses when it is active?

Ans. It used 2 types of powers called Aavarana Sakthi (Power of Illusion) and Vikshepasakthi (Projecting Power).

  1. Who will be able to understand or experience the Para Thathwam (Ultimate absolute state)?

Ans. Only Yogeeswaras will be able to realize this truth. The reason for that, the practitioner’s (seeker) mind must be subtle so that the God will initiate his/her Brain to realize this truth and enjoy the state.

  1. What is the transformation that takes place from Pralaya to Srushti (Dissolution to Creation)?

Ans. 7 Activities take place viz. 1. Pralayam (The entire Earth is enveloped by Water), 2. Ghaneebhootham (Just stationary position – unclear about creation), 3. Vichikeershaa (Paramathma has decided to start the creation), 4. Avyaktham (Creation just started), 5. Kaarana Bindhu start evolving (The Ghaneebhootham will union with Karmas), 6. Sabdha Brahman will emerge, 7. Kaarya Bindhu (Param) will be born along with Naadham (Sooksham) and Bheejam (Sthoolam), again Kaarya Bindhu will further split to give shape for – Chithroopam, Naadham will produce Chith and Achithroopam finally the Bheejam will produce Achithroopam.  

  1. What is Para Avastha (It is a state of indescribable joy)?

Ans. The ever pervading Sabdha Brahman (Sound of Cosmic Form) will enter the Mooladhara Chakram as per the wish of Jeevan (Soul/Aathma) and start pulsating, this state is called Para.

  1. How to identify the divine bliss in a person (Dhaiva Lakshanam)?

Ans. Such a person will have abundant spiritual power to shower his/her grace on the devotees and his/her divine power will never ever vanish from him/her.

  1. Where is Sri Mahalakshmi presence felt (resides) permanently on Earth?

Ans. 5 Places – 1. Inside Lotus Flower (Kamala Pushpam), 2. Rare side of Bilva Pathram, 3. Seemantha Rekha of Sumangali (Upper forehead), 4. Rare side of Cow, 5. The forehead of the Elephant.

  1. What are the Avathaar (appearance) of Sri Maha Ganapathy in different Yugas?

Ans.  1. Kritha Yugam = Vinayakan having the colour of the fire with 10 hands seated in Lion Vaahan (Simha Vaahanan), 2. Thretha Yugam = Mayooresan having the colour of White colour with 6 hands seated in Peacock Vaahan, Dwapara Yugam = Gajaanan having Red colour body with 4 hands seated in Mooshika (Mouse) Vaahan, 4. Kali Yugam = Dhooma Kethu having the colour of smoke (Grey colour) with 2 hands seated in Aswa (Horse) Vaahan.

  1. Who are the Devathas/Moorthies to be worshipped by all?

Ans. They are called Panchaayana Pooja (5 Gods). These deities are 1. Sivan, 2. Sakthi, 3. Maha Vishnu, 4. Ganapathy and 5. Sooryan.

  1. What are the Thaapathrayaagni Dukham (3 types of inevitable sorrows)?

Ans. Humans are always surrounded by Sorrows and Happiness. Usually Sorrows are more than Happiness. Let us learn Sorrows. 1. Adhyaathmikam (comes from Sareerikam (Mortal Body) and Maanasikam (Mind), 2. Aadhi-Bhauthikam (comes from Fire, Water, Air, Earth), 3. Aadi Dhaiveekam (comes from a thunder storm, snake bite, unexpected natural calamities).

  1. What are the 18 Maha Vidhyaas recommended by Dharma Thathwam?

Ans. 4 Vedas (Rig, Yajur, Sama, Atharvana), 4 Upa-Vedas (Dhanur, Aayur, Ghaandharv, Artha), 6 Veda-Angaas (Siksha, Kalpam, Vyaakaranam, Niruktham, Chhandhas, Jyothisham), 4 Saastras (Mimaamsa, Nyaayam, Dharma, Puranam) = Total 18 Maha Vidhyaas.

  1. How many types of Agnaanam (Ignorance) exists?

Ans. 5 types 1. Agnaanam, 2. Swaartham, 3. Ichha, 4. Krodham, 5. Athyaasakthi.

  1. What are the bindings in the Aadhyaathmic life (Spiritual Life)?

Ans. Most important ones are three. 1. Maya, 2. Thrigunas, 3. Karmam and its dirivaties. 

  1. Which is the Divya Gruhas (Divine Palaces) created by Viswa Karma (Architect of Devas)?

Ans. 10 palaces. 1. Druva Dhanyam, 2. Jayam, 3. Kaantham, 4. Vipula, 5. Vijaya, 6. Sumukh, 7. Vimalam, 8. Nandham, 9. Nidhanam, 10. Manorama.

  1. What are the natural transformation (Vikaras) that takes place in Nature gradually?

Ans. It is called Shad Vikaraas (6 transformations) = 1. Creation, 2. Sustain, 3. Grow, 4. Change takes place, 5. Get matured and depreciated, 6. Get destroyed. If there is a life on the earth this process will continue.

  1. What is Sareeram (Mortal Body)?

Ans. The Sareem consists of 36 fundamental principles of the universe, starts from Prithvi till Siva according to Saaktha Sidhaanth. Whereas, according to Saankhya Sidhaanth it consists only 24+1 = 25 elements. This was discussed between Kapila Maharshi and Devahoothi, of course, Parasakthi’s message supersedes all other conclusions including Vedas.

  1. Who is Jeevan (Soul who has lived and conscious)?

Ans. The force that resides inside the body (in fact the body is clinched to Aathma – like a baby monkey holding on to its mother) and undergoes happiness and sorrows or comfort and discomfort is Jeevan. You can also call it “Witnessing”.

  1. Who is Bhoothaathma?

Ans. Those who does Karma i.e. activities. To do Karma you need a body (Bhootham) and to function the body you need Aathma (Soul).

  1. Who is Kshethragnan (Lord of the mortal body)?

Ans. The Lord who compel those Souls who wear the mortal body is Kshethragnan. 

  1. Who are the Adhishtaana Devathas of Vedas (Core Fundamental Deities)?

Ans. Rig Vedam = Sudha Vidhya Devi and her subordinate deities, Yajur Vedam = Saundarya Vidhya Devi and her subordinate deities, Sama Vedam = Thureeyaamba Devi and her subordinate deities, Atharvana Vedam = Lopamudra Devi and her subordinate deities.

  1. Chinthamani Graham (Home of Parasakthi) four doors/gateways are made up of what?

Ans. It has four doors to enter the inner chamber, each door represents each Vedas. Through these Vedas, one can understand or realize Moola Prakruthi Parasakthi.

  1. What are the significance of Quarters (Dik) and Vedas (Knowledge)?

Ans. East (Poorvam) represent RigvedamSouth (Dhakshinam) represent YajurvedamNorth (Utharam) represent SaamavedamWest (Paschimam) represent Atharvanavedam.

  1. What is the name of Kama’s Five Flower Arrows (Pancha Pushpa Bhaan)?

Ans. 1. Aravindham, 2. Asokam, 3. Chootham, 4. Ninolpalam, 5. Navamalika.

  1. Who will be able to or who are eligible to see God’s Viswaroopa Darsan (Cosmic Form)?

Ans. Those who do these Five activities will be able to see, they are 1. Does everything for the sake of God, 2. Those who got convinced that the aim of life is to see God in person, 3. Those who live as a devotee of God, 4. Those who live detached from the material life and practice Thyaagam (Sacrifice), 5. Those who will not see anyone as his/her enemy.

  1. What can you call it Bhakti (Devotion)?

Ans. It is measured under 2 aspects viz. 1. Sheer love towards God is devotion, 2. Seeing oneself in Aathma (Soul) is also Bakti. 

 

  1. What is Agasthya Maharshi’s opinion about different types of Woman?

Ans. He classifieds them into 4 groups.  1. Pathmini (Other men adore them with great respects), 2. Chithrini (She will attract and disturb other men’s mind), 3. Sankhini (She cannot control her desires for sensual pleasure activities), 4. Hasthini (She will be a favourite of men who would like to eat tasty food lavishly). Dear Mothers and Sisters No offence, please!

  1. Who are the assumed parents of Brahmandam (Cosmos/Universe)?

Ans. 3 Mothers = Swargam (Paradise), Aakasam (Space) and Bhoomi (Earth),

3 Fathers = Sooryan (Sun), Vaayu (Air) and Agni (Fire).

  1. How did God create this world (inhabitable) for us?

Ans. Created out of a collection of Seven Unique Thread Elements, they are 1. Vaayu (Air), Jeeva (Life), Bhoomi (Earth), Jalam (Water), Oorjam (Energy), Manas (Mind) and Aakasam (Space).

  1. What is Earth in the view of God?

Ans. It is a consolidation of 3 objects such as Sun (visible body), Air (subtle body) and Blood (visible body). The Lifespan (Ayuss) is considered as Vaayu (Breathing Air), Blood is Water and Life (Soul) is Soorya (Sun).

  1. What are the Seven Angles of Sun’s Chariot?

Ans. Though Sun’s Chariot is having only one wheel, yet it has 7 angles to make this solo wheel to rotate. They are known as 1. Ayanam (6 months each), 2. Rithu (2 months each), 3. Maasa (1 each x 12), 4. Paksha (14 days x 24), 5. Dina (365 each), 6. Rathri (365 each), 7. Muhurta (48 Minutes each).

  1. Who is healthy person?

Ans. Whoever’s body contains an appropriate amount of Dhaathu (Minerals), Vaatham (Air Movements), Pitham (Bile) and Khapham (Phlem) is the healthy person.

  1. What is the major difference between Easwara and Sadhasiva?

Ans. Easwara creates a relationship and binds the Jeeva in the cosmic world, whereas, Sadasiva liberate the Jeeva from all bindings.

  1. What is the difference or speciality between Jeeva (Individual Life) and Easwara (Gross Life/God)?

Ans. Jeeva is the consciousness and effects of Antha Karanas (Manas, Buddhi, Chhitham and Ahamkaram), whereas Easwara is the super consciousness and effects of the Prapancha (manifested cosmically world).

  1. What is the status of Avidhya (Ignorance) during Sushupthi Avastha (Deep Sleep state)?

Ans. 3 Avasthas are recognized. 1. Agnatha (Did not know anything), 2. Swaartham (I just slept, I don’t know how), 3. Saukhyam (I slept well without any disturbance). Sushuptha Avastha is considered as Avidhya state and Jagrath Avastha is Vidhya state.

  1. What is the Dharmic way of life recommended and followed by Bharatheeyan (Sanathani)?

Ans. Dharma Saasthram recommends 4 simple methods. 1. To live comfortably during the Rainy seasons of 4 months, one should work hard during the Summer seasons of 8 months to earn and save. 2. To live comfortably during Night one must work hard during day time, 3. To live comfortably during the old age period, one must work intelligently to save wealth, 4. To get a better life in the next birth, one must do lots of good karmas (holy deeds) and earn Punya (holy credits). In today’s modern world the same rules are applicable with a twist according to circumstance, however, the core principle of lifestyle cannot change.

  1. How to control mind according to Lord Sri Krishna?

Ans. 2 ways. 1. Abhyaasa Margam (Through practice), 2. Vairaagya Margam (Through determination).

  1. What is Chathurmaasyam (Auspicious 4 months period)?

Ans. This is a religious vow or practice followed by the Sanyaasis (Renounced) and Mada-adipathis. In fact, everyone can follow this system, nowadays only it is left with Sanyaasis. This is a 4 months period of vow starts from Ashada/Katakam Maasam Sukla Paksha (Lunar period) Eakadasi (11th Day) and ends on Krithika/Vruschika Maasam Sukla Paksha Eakadasi.   

  1. What consists Chathurdasi Vidya (14 pieces of knowledge)?

Ans. One who study and become master of 4 Vedas (Reg-Yaju-Sama-Atharvana), 6 Vedangaas (Siksha-Vyakarana-Kalpam Niruktham-Chhandhas-Jyothisham), 1 Dharma Saasthram, 1 Purana, 1 Meemaamsa Saasthram, 1 Tharka Saasthram.

  1. What are the systems followed by Mahathmaas (Great Divine Persons) for having their food?

Ans. They practised 3 approaches viz. 1. Unchavruthi (Gleaner) – Collecting grains from forests and houses then cook and eat, 2. Kapodhavruthi (Pigeon style) – Nothing to keep for next time food, as and when needed go and gather a limited amount of food and consume, 3. Ajagalavruthi (Python Snake style) – He does not go and ask for food, if it comes to him he will eat or starve.

  1. When is the right time to study Vedas at Gurukulam (Vedic School)?

Ans. Veda Aramba (Starting) is called “Adhyayopa Karma” and the concluding is called “Adhyaayothsarjam”. Disciples study Vedas during Sraavana/Simha Maasam till Pushyam/Makara Maasam (English Sign: 6 months between Aug 15th and Jan 15th). Disciples take break/holidays between Pushya/Makaram Masam through Aashada/Kataka Maasam (English Sign: 6 months between Jan 16th and Jul 15th). Another approach is during Utharayanam stop studying Vedas and Re-start from Dhakshinaayanam of six months. Starting and ending will happen only on Poornima Day.

  1. How to overcome Thamo Gunam (Ignorance/Illusions/Darkness)?

Ans. By involving in Sathsangam (the company of wise men), Purana-Paraayana Sravanam (Listening to divine stories and read holy books), Sathmaarga Chintha (Always thinking about truth and good conducts).

  1. Why should you do Sandhya Vandanam during the cusps (Sandhya)?

Ans. According to Nature, Prabhadham (Dawn time) is filled with Sathwa GunamMadhyahnikam (Peaknoon time) is filled with Rajo Gunam and Sayaahnam (Dusk time) are filled with Thamo Gunam. Such cusps produce a certain amount of respective energies. When humans pray at these time band they can absorb the good qualities from nature which can protect and enhance their overall life in terms of health and wealth.

  1. Which is the most important Karma among Nithya Karma?

Ans. Sandhya Vandanam and Upasana Pooja.

  1. What are the three types Karmas (Acts) referred by Sastra (Holy Command)?

Ans. 3 types. 1. Naimithika Karma (An act out of circumstances/out of no choice), 2. Kaamya Karma (An act to fulfil the desires), 3. Nithya Karma (Act of basic routine duties to upkeep the status of current life…ignoring this will push the life to degrade).

  1. What is the core principle of Gayathri Mantra?

Ans. There is an inner link created to connect three important aspects of Spiritual elements such as 1. Paraathpara Thathwam (Concept of Absoluteness), 2. Paramathma (Absolute Brahman/Supreme Creator), 3. Prachodhanam (The Relationship that instigates both Parathparathathwam and Paramathma).

  1. What was the basic system followed in creating Valmiki Ramanaya Kaavyam?

Ans. Sage Valmiki Maharshi used the 24 syllables of Savithri Gayathri Mantra to create 24,000 slokas of his Ramayana Kavyam.

  1. What is the meaning of Savithri Gayathri Manthram?

Ans. Whoever the Supreme Brahman who created the Earth-Space and Paradise and the sole owner of the entire universe, whose acts are praisable as well as adorable, I meditate and pray upon that Supreme Consciousness to channel my brain and thoughts towards noble acts.

  1. What are the forms of Pranava Manthram?

Ans. They are two types 1. Varnaathmakam = The union of A-U-M (Sagunam), 2. Sabdhaathmakam = When it produces the sound of AUM as OM… (Nirgunam).

  1. What is the meaning of Vyaahruthi?

Ans. It has two meanings. 1. The holy sound that produced by the Brahmins/Dwijas during the Sandhya Vandana Time (Cusp) is known as Vyaahruthi, 2. During the time of meditation, the meditator brings in all the good qualities from the four corners and the entire universe into his/her heart and resolute that I am part of this Vaudaiva Kutumbam (Cosmic Family), this conviction is also known as Vyaahruthi.

  1. What is the divine meaning of Bhur-Bhuva-Swah?

Ans. Bhur=Sath, Bhuva=Chith, Swah=Anandham