Parasakthi Family

SANATHANA / HINDU DHARMA THATHWAS – WISE KNOWLEDGE – PART 4

Om Namasivaya Nama:

PART – 4 (1501-2000)

Om Sarvam Khalvithamevaham Naanyathasthi Sanathanam!
(Nothing permanent in this universe/life except me! The Almighty Sivasakthi)
 
Dear Seeker,
 
I would like to update this Chapter slowly and steadily at-least 3 principles in a week. Therefore, please try to open this Chapter quite often to get updated information:
 
Please note some of the contents quoted in this chapter may vary compare with other authors’ publications due to a different source of information from various books of Sanatana Dharma Sastras. I have taken careful attention to minimizing contradictions and errors. I have used maximum Sanskrit words that more or less matching the English words.
 
God Bless You…
 
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LET US LEARN AS QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS METHOD
 
To be continued…
 
1537. How a person become Vipran?
Ans. Vipran is a status that is achieved through (holy) hard work. The conditions are set in the Sastras that, the person should take birth in a Brahmin the family then get initiated via Upanaya Samskram to become Dwijan. Thereafter, learning Sastras under a competitive Guru and receive a Manthropadesam from him to get the title as Vipran.
 
1536. What should be imagined during Upasana?
Ans. An Upasakan (Aspirant/Meditator/Devotee/Worshipper) should imagine or think of his/her own Self, Guru, Mantram, Devatha and Yanthram.
 
1535. What is the important purpose of intaking Pancha Gavyam?
Ans. 1. Cleaning inside the body, 2. Preventing illness / boosting the immune system especially Yakshma Rogam (Cancer).
 
1534. What are the ingredients in Pancha Gavyam?
Ans. A mix of five objects (properties) of a pure desi cow. The mixing has a strict proportion formula to it. They are 1. Ksheeram (Milk), 2. Dhadhyam (Curd), 3. Aajyam (Ghee), 4. Gomayam (Cow dung), 5. Gomoothram (Cow Urine). Please note all these must be only from one cow, mixing each item from a different cow is not allowed. Collection of these items also has strict rules and regulations.
 
1533. How does the Jeeva (Soul) reaches Pithru Lokh (Ancestral world)?
Ans. Those Gruhasthaas (family people) who lived life in Dharmic ways after the death they reach Pithru Lokam through Chandra Mandalam (Moon), whereas those Brahmacharis and Sanyaasis who lived under strict celibacy (Oordwa Rethas) will reach through Soorya Mandalam (Sun).
 
1532. How do the Jeeva (soul) becoming Prethaas or Pisachaas?
Ans. When humans die, they become Prethas whereas those humans who die untimely out of accidents (Dur-Maran) they become Pisachaas. The remedy for Dur-Marana to get a better life is conducting Srardham at Gaya.
 
1531. What are the divisions of Pisachas (Ghosts or Unholy Spirits)?
Ans. They are four. 1. Prethas, 2. Vethalaas, 3. Bhoothas, 4. Vinaayakaas. They are two types viz. Puranakaas (Ancient) and Noothanaas (Modern).
 
1530. Who are Asuras?
Ans. All are children of Kasyapa Rishi (Deva Rishi since mind-born son of Lord Brahma). However, due to bad Karma (unholy conducts/deeds), those who came through Dhithi Devi for Kasyapa Rishi became Asuras. Dhithi and Adhithi both were daughters of Daksha Prajapathi and Panchajani. Asuras are not humans!
 
1529. What the divisions of Asura Vargas?
Ans. Two. 1. Dhaithyaas, 2. Dhaanavas.
 
1528. Where do Rakshasas reside?
Ans. A south quarter of the earth is their residence. Ravana was the last Emperor/King. (Ravana during his ruling period, called all the Rakshasas across the Universe to come to Sri Lanka and settle down).
 
1527. Where do Yakshas reside?
Ans. North quarter of the earth is their residence. Kubera is their King.
 
1526. What are Nava Nidhis (Nine Treasures)?
Ans. 1. Sankam, 2. Pathmam, 3. Maha Pathmam, 4. Makaram, 5. Kachhapam, 6. Mukundham, 7. Kundham, 8. Neelam, 9. Varchass.
 
1525. Who are the females of Gandharvas?
Ans. They are Apsarass.
 
1524. What is the caste the system in Gandharvas?
Ans. Gandharvas are heavenly choristers or celestial musicians. They have five (5) caste division viz. 1. Kinnaras, 2. Kimpurushas, 3. Sidhas, 4. Vidhyadharaas, 5. Apsarass. 
 
1523. Who are the important divine Nagas (Snakes)?
Ans. 9 Nagas. 1. Ananthan, 2. Vasukhi, 3. Seshan, 4. Pathnabhan, 5. Kambalan, 6. Sankapalan, 7. Dhaartharashtran, 8. Thakshakan, 9. Kaaleeyan.
 
1522. Who is Pandit (Panditha)?
Ans. The one who is well versed in Sastras (scriptures)?
 
1521. How do they make (Viswakarma) Asthram?
Ans. Asthraas are made up of atoms from nature. It is as good as modern days Bombs.
 
1520. Which is the weapons used by Devas?
Ans. 1. Asthram (metal arrow/warhead), 2. Sasthram (missile), 3. Bhaanam (reed-shaft/plants arrow)
 
1519. What are the important Vibhoothis (mighty/superhuman power) of God?
Ans. They are four. 1. Intelligence/Knowledge (Ghyaan), 2. Power (Sakthi), 3. Self Illumination (Prakasam), 4. Freedom (Swathanthram).
 
1518. What are the names of Paramathma (Supreme Brahman) in different stages?
Ans. 1. Srushti stage – Hiranyagarbhan/Brahma (Rajo Guna Activated), 2. Sthithi stage – Virad/Vishnu (Sathwa Guna Activated), 3. Samharam/Laya stage – Easwaran/Siva (Thamo Guna Activated).
 
1517. What are the names of Jeeva in different stages?
Ans. 1. Jagradhavastha (waking stage) = Viswan (Sathwa Guna prevails), 2. Swapnavastha (dreaming stage) = Thaijasan (Rajo Guna prevails), 3. Sushupthiavasatha (deep sleeping stage) = Praaghnan (Thamo Guna prevails).
 
1516. Which Dharma can protect all other Dharmas?
Ans. Raja Dharma.
 
1517. What are the Limbs of Kala Chakram?
Ans. Those 94 limbs are 1 Year, 2 Ayanaas (Utharayana and Dakshinayana), 5 Rithus, 12 Masas, 24 Pakshas, 30 Dinas, 8 Yamaas, 12 Lagnas = 94 parts.
 
1516. Kala Chakram (Wheel of Time/Revolution cycle) has how many limbs?
Ans. It has 94 Avayavams (Parts or Limbs). Sri Vishnu Bhagawan’s Sudarsana Chakra is also having the same number of limbs.
 
1515. Sanyasi status is by birth or gradual?
Ans. No one is Sanyasi by birth, whereas he/she is becoming Sanyasi gradually. It is one’s own decision by renouncing worldly pleasure with a firm determination. In other words, Sanyasam is a practice rather than a birthright!
1514. Why do Devas carry weapons in their hands?
Ans. They follow Kshathriya Dharmas and live like Kshatriyas. Unless they follow Kshathriya Dharmas (Rights of Rulers) they cannot destroy Adharmis and revive Dharma in this world.
 
1513. What can you achieve by following Brahmana Karma (Achara Anushtanam)?
Ans. They can bring self-control and save them from the enemies known as Indriyas.
 
1512. Do Devas take birth and death?
Ans. Devas (dine personalities) never take birth or meet death, however, their existence is completely depending upon their holy credits. If their Punya Karma Phala is present in them they will appear and when it gets over, they disappear. There is no physical birth or death, just like some stars appear and disappear in the sky.
 
1511. What are the Sroutha Karmas?
Ans. Conducting Yagnas as prescribed in the Vedas.
 
1510. What are the Smartha Karmas?
Ans. Serving Matha, Pitha, Pathi, Pathni, Puthra, Dharma Yudh, digging well for drinking water, constructing shelter houses, rest houses, asram, schools, hospitals, temples, doing Anna Dhanam (serving free food to the needy), these are Smartha Karmas.
 
1509. How many divisions of Punya Karma prescribed in the Vedas?
Ans. Two. 1. Smartha Karma, 2. Sroutha Karma.
 
1508. Which is the controlling centre points of our body and its divine agent (Devatas)?
Ans.  Moordha (Forehead) is ruled by IndraManas (Mind) is ruled by Easanan (An Epithet of Lord Siva who wears Moon on his head), Aathma (Soul) is ruled by Paramatma (Supreme Soul) and all of them occupy Hrudayam (Heart).
 
1507. Who are the Adhi-devatas (presiding or tutelary or divine agent) of our mortal body?
Ans. Agni for Vaak/Speech/Mouth, Vayu for Nasika/Nose, Soorya for Chakshu/Eyes, Dikdevas for Karnas/Ears, Aushada-Vanaspathy for Thwack/Skin, Chandra for Manas/Mind, Mruthyu for Naabhi/Navel part, Jalam for Jananendriyam/secret part, Prithvi for Poorna Sareeram/overall body, Indran for Balam/strength/metabolism and all these devas and their functions are controlled from Hrudayam/Heart.
 
1506. Who are the Trilok Aadhara Bhoothas (Bhur-Bhuva-Suva), custodians?
Ans. Agni Deva for Prithvi/Bhur (Earth), Indra and Vayu for Aakasa/Bhuva (Sky/Space), Soorya Deva for Swarga/Suva (Paradise). These Devas are under the command of Prajapathi.
 
1505. What are the types of Devas?
Ans. Three types. 1. Ajanaja Devas (Those who born in Swarga/Paradise), 2. Karma Devas (Those who ascend to Swarga from the different world due to their good conducts), 3. Nithya Devas (Those who occupy Swarga and accept the offerings given through Yagna).
 
1504. What are the names of Dwadasa Adithyas?
Ans. Twelve Adithyas are 1. Vivaswan, 2. Thwashta, 3. Aaryama, 4. Pusha, 5. Savitha, 6. Bagan, 7. Datha, 8. Vidhatha, 9. Varunan, 10. Mithran, 11. Indran, 12. Vishnu.
 
1503. What are the names of Ekadasa Rudras?
Ans. Elevan Rudras are 1. Raivathan, 2. Ajan, 3. Pavan, 4. Bhiman, 5. Vaman, 6. Ugran, 7. Vrushakapi, 8. Ajaikapath, 9. Ahirbhuthniyan, 10. Bahuroopan, 11. Mahan.
 
1502. What are the names of Ashta Vasus?
Ans. Eight Vasus are 1. Dronan, 2. Pranan, 3. Druvan, 4. Arkan, 5. Agni, 6. Doshan, 7. Vasu, 8. Vipavasu.
 
1501. Who are the 33 crores of Devas?
Ans. 8 Vasus11 Rudras12 Aadhithyas2 Aswinikumars makes 33 Devas. Each Deva has 1 crore of Deva Ganas (Assistants) to make 33 crores (330 millions).